Philosophical issues in psychiatry III: The Nature and Sources of Historical Change

Paperback | October 10, 2014

EditorKenneth S. Kendler, Josef Parnas

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Psychiatry has long struggled with the nature of its diagnoses. The problems raised by questions about the nature of psychiatric illness are particularly fascinating because they sit at the intersection of philosophy, empirical psychiatric/psychological research, measurement theory, historicaltradition and policy. In being the only medical specialty that diagnoses and treats mental illness, psychiatry has been subject to major changes in the last 150 years. This book explores the forces that have shaped these changes and especially how substantial "internal" advances in our knowledge of the nature and causes of psychiatric illness have interacted with a plethora of external forces that have impacted on the psychiatric profession. It includescontributions from philosophers of science with an interest in psychiatry, psychiatrists and psychologists with expertise in the history of their field and historians of psychiatry. Each chapter is accompanied by an introduction and a commentary. The result is a dynamic discussion about the nature of psychiatric disorders, and a book that is compelling reading for those in the field of mental health, history of science and medicine, and philosophy.

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Psychiatry has long struggled with the nature of its diagnoses. The problems raised by questions about the nature of psychiatric illness are particularly fascinating because they sit at the intersection of philosophy, empirical psychiatric/psychological research, measurement theory, historicaltradition and policy. In being the only med...

The major focus of Professor Kendler's research is in the genetics of psychiatric and substance abuse disorders. Two major methodologies are used in this research. The first involves large population based twin samples. In these twins, we address the aggregate role of genetic and environmental factors. We seek to understand how these ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:464 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:October 10, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198725973

ISBN - 13:9780198725978

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Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroductionList of contributorsPart I: Nature of Historical Change in ScienceSection 1: Objectivity and Scientific Change1. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Pluralism, Incommensurability, and Scientific Change2. Helen Longino: Pluralism, Incommensurability, and Scientific Change3. John Dupre: For Objective, Value-Laden, Contextualist PluralismSection 2: Change in Psychopathology4. Josef Parnas: Introduction to History and Epistemology of Psychopathology5. German E Berrios: History and Epistemology of Psychopathology6. Helen Longino: Can Hybridity Overcome Dualism?Section 3: Scientific Disagreement in the Medical Context7. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Expert Disagreement and Medical Authority8. Miriam Solomon: Expert Disagreement and Medical Authority9. Ian Hacking: Trust, Dissent and Decision VectorsSection 4: The Social, the Cultural, and Psychiatric Kinds10. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Varieties of Social Constructionism and the Problem of Progress in Psychiatry11. Kenneth F. Schaffner and Kathryn Tabb: Varieties of Social Constructionism and the Problem of Progress in Psychiatry12. German E. Berrios: The role of cultural configurators in the formation of mental symptomsPart II: History of Broad Movements/Structures within PsychiatrySection 5: The Psychiatric History of the Diencephalon13. Josef Parnas: Introduction to Biography of a brain structure: studying the diencephalon as an epistemic object14. Emilie Bovet: Biography of a brain structure: studying the diencephalon as an epistemic object15. Eric J. Engstrom: Some Reflections on Historiographic Strategies for the NeurosciencesSection 6: The History of Psychiatry as Interdisciplinary History16. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to On Attitudes Toward Philosophy and Psychology in German Psychiatry, 1867-191717. Eric J. Engstrom: On Attitudes Toward Philosophy and Psychology in German Psychiatry, 1867-191718. Yuji Sato: Interdisciplinarity vs. compartmentalization: an eternal dilemma in psychiatrySection 7: Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis in the United States19. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to The Development of Psychoanalysis in the Context of American Psychiatry20. Robert Michels: The Development of Psychoanalysis in the Context of American Psychiatry21. Josef Parnas: Decline of psychoanalysis to the advantage of what?Section 8: The Operational Revolution22. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to Psychiatry Made Easy: Operation(al)ism and Some of its Consequences23. Josef Parnas and Pierre Bovet: Psychiatry Made Easy: Operation(al)ism and Some of its Consequences24. Kenneth F. Schaffner and Kathryn Tabb: Hempel as a Critic of Bridgman's Operationalism: Lessons for Psychiatry from the History of ScienceSection 9: The Evolution of Genetic Explanation in Psychiatry25. Kenneth S. Kendler: Introduction to the Nature of Nurture26. Eric Turkheimer: The Nature of Nature27. Peter Zachar: Is it time for a "Copenhagen interpretation" in behavioral genetics?Section 10: Psychiatry and Evolution28. Josef Parnas: Introduction to What Can Evolution Tell us About the Healthy Mind?29. John Dupre: What Can Evolution Tell us About the Healthy Mind?30. Emilie Bovet: What can history and social studies of sciences teach us about evolutionary psychiatry?Part III: Specific Disorders from an Historical PerspectiveSection 11: Schizophrenia and the Dopamine Hypothesis31. Josef Parnas: Introduction to Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia: An Updated Perspective32. Kenneth S. Kendler: The Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia: An Updated Perspective33. Miriam Solomon: Why is the Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia the Only Game in Town?Section 12: Conceptual status of depression today34. Josef Parnas: Introduction to An overview in a bio-psycho-socio-economic context35. Yuji Sato: An overview in a bio-psycho-socio-economic context36. Eric Turkheimer: What do We Want from A Depression Diagnosis?Section 13: The Shaping of Autism37. Josef Parnas: Introduction to On the Ratio of Science to Activism in the Shaping of Autism38. Ian Hacking: On the Ratio of Science to Activism in the Shaping of Autism39. Kenneth S. Kendler: The Shaping of Autism and Other Psychiatric Disorders: An Alternative PerspectiveSection 14: The decision to include or exclude a diagnosis in psychiatric nosology: The case of premenstrual dysphoric disorder40. Josef Parnas: Introduction to A DSM Insiders' History of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder41. Peter Zachar and Kenneth S. Kendler: A DSM Insiders' History of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder42. Robert Michels: The Construction of a Diagnosis is Not a Scientific Issue