Philosophy for the 21st Century: A Comprehensive Reader

Paperback | November 15, 2002

EditorSteven M. Cahn

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Philosophy for the 21st Century, an introductory anthology, is an extraordinarily comprehensive collection of historical and contemporary readings. It covers all major fields, including not only metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and philosophy of religion, but also philosophy of science,philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, political philosophy, and philosophy of art. This volume is unique in drawing on the judgments of a new generation of scholars, each of whom has chosen the articles and provided the introduction for one section of the book. These associate editors--DeliaGraff, Robin Jeshion, L. A. Paul, Jesse J. Prinz, Stuart Rachels, Gabriela Sakamoto, David Sosa, and Cynthia A. Stark--are at the forefront of 21st-century philosophy. Their selections include the work of such leading contemporary thinkers as Nancy Cartwright, Saul A. Kripke, David Lewis, ThomasNagel, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit, and Sydney Shoemaker, along with classic works from 2500 years of philosophy. The book has been structured to maximize continuity, and an introductory essay by Simon Blackburn explains the tools of symbolic logic. This groundbreaking volume sets a new standard forintroducing students to the importance and fascination of philosophical inquiry.

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Philosophy for the 21st Century, an introductory anthology, is an extraordinarily comprehensive collection of historical and contemporary readings. It covers all major fields, including not only metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and philosophy of religion, but also philosophy of science,philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, poli...

Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:864 pages, 7.52 × 9.21 × 1.26 inPublished:November 15, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195147928

ISBN - 13:9780195147926

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAbout the EditorsINTRODUCTIONSimon Blackburn: What Is Philosophy?Simon Blackburn: The Elements of Logic1. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGIONSteven M. Cahn: IntroductionPlato: EuthyphroSaint Anselm: The Ontological ArgumentGaunilo: In Behalf of the FoolImmanuel Kant: Critique of the Ontological ArgumentG. E. Moore: Is Existence a Predicate?William L. Rowe: Why the Ontological Argument FailsSaint Thomas Aquinas: Five Ways to Prove the Existence of GodMichael Martin: The Cosmological ArgumentDavid Hume: Dialogues Concerning Natural ReligionRichard Swinburne: Why God Allows EvilSteven M. Cahn: The Moriarty HypothesisWilliam James: The Will to BelieveMichael Martin: William James and the Will to BelieveRobert McKim: The Hiddenness of God2. EPISTEMOLOGYDavid Sosa: IntroductionRene Descartes: Meditations on First PhilosophyJohn Locke: An Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingGeorge Berkeley: Three Dialogues Between Hylas and PhilonousG. E. Moore: Proof of an External WorldLudwig Wittgenstein: On CertaintyRoderick M. Chisholm: The Problem of the CriterionEdmund Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Alvin I. Goldman: Discrimination and Perceptual KnowledgeRobert Nozick: Knowledge and ScepticismErnest Sosa: The Raft and the Pyramid: Coherence Versus Foundations in the Theory of KnowledgeDavid Lewis: Elusive KnowledgeW. V. O. Quine: Epistemology NaturalizedJaegwon Kim: What Is "Naturalized Epistemology"?3. PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCEL. A. Paul: IntroductionDavid Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human UnderstandingBrian Skyrms: The Traditional Problem of InductionGilbert Harman: The Inference to the Best ExplanationRudolf Carnap: The Experimental MethodCarl G. Hempel: Aspects of Scientific ExplanationNancy Cartwright: The Truth Doesn't Explain MuchNelson Goodman: The New Riddle of InductionThomas S. Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific RevolutionsRichard N. Boyd: Realism and the Theory-Dependence of Experimental Design4. METAPHYSICSDelia Graff: IntroductionBertrand Russell: On the Relations of Universals and ParticularsD. M. Armstrong: PropertiesPeter van Inwagen: The Doctrine of Arbitrary Undetached PartsDavid Lewis: Many, but Almost OneJohn Locke: Of Identity and DiversitySydney Shoemaker: Personal Identity and MemoryDerek Parfit: Personal IdentityAristotle: Of MotionMax Black: Achilles and the TortoiseDavid Hume: Of the Idea of Necessary ConnectionDavid Lewis: CausationAristotle: The Sea-Battle TomorrowRichard Taylor: The Problem of Future ContingenciesA. J. Ayer: Freedom and NecessityRoderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the SelfHarry G. Frankfurt: Alternative Possibilities and Moral ResponsibilityPeter van Inwagen: The Incompatibility of Free Will and Determinism5. PHILOSOPHY OF MINDJesse J. Prinz: IntroductionRene Descartes: Meditations on First PhilosophyB. F. Skinner: The Causes of BehaviorJ. J. C. Smart: Sensations and Brain ProcessesJerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body ProblemAlan Turing: Computing Machinery and IntelligenceJohn Searle: Can Computers Think?Zenon Pylyshyn: The "Causal Power"of MachinesTerrance Horgan: Functionalism, Qualia, and the Inverted SpectrumFrank Jackson: Epiphenomenal QualiaPaul M. Churchland: Jackson's Knowledge ArgumentDaniel C. Dennett: Consciousness Explained6. PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGERobin Jeshion: IntroductionGottlob Frege: On Sense and MeaningBertrand Russell: On DenotingSaul A. Kripke: Naming and NecessityGottlob Frege: ThoughtsJohn Perry: The Problem of the Essential IndexicalJ. L. Austin: Performative UtterancesPaul Grice: Logic and Conversation7. ETHICSStuart Rachels: IntroductionJ. L. Mackie: The Subjectivity of ValuesRonald Dworkin: A Critique of MackieRenford Bambrough: A Proof of the Objectivity of MoralsJohn Stuart Mill: UtilitarianismRobert Nozick: The Experience MachineImmanuel Kant: Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of MoralsOnora O'Neill: A Simplified Account of Kant's EthicsW. D. Ross: The Right and the GoodJames Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural RelativismJames Rachels: Egoism and Moral ScepticismAristotle: Nicomachean EthicsAlasdair MacIntyre: After VirtuePeter Singer: Living EthicallyJonathan Bennett: The Conscience of Huckleberry FinnThomas Nagel: Moral LuckDavid Lewis: The Punishment That Leaves Something to ChancePeter Singer: Rich and PoorJohn Arthur: Equality, Entitlements, and the Distribution of IncomeOnora O'Neill: Kantian Deliberations on Famine ProblemsImmanuel Kant: Why We Have No Obligations to AnimalsRobert Nozick: Constraints and AnimalsJames Rachels: The Moral Argument for VegetarianismTibor R. Machan: Do Animals Have Rights?8. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHYCynthia A. Stark: IntroductionThomas Hobbes: LeviathanJohn Locke: Second Treatise of GovernmentJohn Rawls: A Theory of JusticeRobert Nozick: Anarchy, State, and UtopiaG. A. Cohen: Illusions About Private Property and FreedomMichael Sandel: The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered SelfDebra Satz: Markets in Women's Sexual Labor9. PHILOSOPHY OF ARTGabriela Sakamoto: IntroductionMorris Weitz: The Role of Theory in AestheticsGeorge Dickie: Defining ArtArthur C. Danto: The End of ArtPeg Zeglin Brand: Glaring Omissions in Traditional Theories of ArtDavid Hume: Of the Standard of TasteImmanuel Kant: Critique of JudgmentKendall L. Walton: Categories of ArtTed Cohen: The Very Idea of Art

Editorial Reviews

"Excellent blend of classic texts and contemporary views and authors. An important update for introductory texts that incorporates the most challenging and interesting work of the last quarter century."--Dan O'Bryan, Sierra Nevada College