Philosophy: The Quest For Truth

Paperback | October 2, 2013

byLouis P. Pojman, Lewis Vaughn

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Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth provides an excellent selection of ninety-one classical and contemporary readings - on nineteen key problems in philosophy - carefully organized so that they present pro/con dialoguesthat allow students to compare and contrast the philosophers' positions. Each of the readings is accompanied by study questions, end-of-reading reflective questions, and an individual introduction featuring a biographical sketch of the philosopher. A tutorial on logic and argument, a time line,boldfaced key terms, a detailed glossary, and an appendix on reading and writing philosophy papers further enhance the text's pedagogical value. In addition, each major section opens with a substantial introduction and ends with a short bibliography.

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Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth provides an excellent selection of ninety-one classical and contemporary readings - on nineteen key problems in philosophy - carefully organized so that they present pro/con dialoguesthat allow students to compare and contrast the...

The late Louis P. Pojman was Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point and the author, editor, or coeditor of more than twenty books. Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of several books including Philosophy Here and Now, The Moral Life, Fifth Edition, and The Power of Critical Thinking, Fourth Edit...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:752 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:October 2, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199981086

ISBN - 13:9780199981083

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Table of Contents

Each part opens with an Introduction and ends with Key Terms and Suggestions for Further Reading.*=New to this editionPrefaceTime LineI. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?1. Plato: Socratic Wisdom2. Plato: The Allegory of the Cave3. John Locke: Of Enthusiasm and the Quest for Truth4. Bertrand Russell: The Value of PhilosophyExcursus: A Little Bit of Logic- Deductive and Inductive Reasoning- Inference to the Best Explanation- Identifying Arguments- Some Applications- Fallacies of Reasoning- Exercises in Critical Reasoning- Study and Discussion QuestionsII. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGIONII.A. Is Belief in God Rationally Justified? Arguments for the Existence of God- The Cosmological Argument- Pro5. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways6. William Lane Craig: The Kalam Cosmological Argument and the Anthropic Principle- Contra7. Paul Edwards: A Critique of the Cosmological Argument- The Teleological Argument- Pro8. William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker- Contra9. David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument- The Ontological Argument- Pro et Contra10. St. Anselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological Argument11. William Rowe: An Analysis of the Ontological ArgumentII.B. Why Is There Evil?12. Fyodor Dostoevsky: Why Is There Evil?13. B.C. Johnson: Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil?14. John Hick: There Is a Reason Why God Allows Evil15. William L. Rowe: The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism *II.C. Is Faith Compatible with Reason?16. Blaise Pascal: Yes, Faith Is a Logical Bet17. W.K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief18. William James: The Will to Believe19. Antony Flew, R.M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: A Debate on the Rationality of Religious Belief20. Alvin Plantinga: Religious Belief Without Evidence21. Soren Kierkegaard: Faith and Truth22. Michael Martin: Holy Spirit Epistemology23. Bertrand Russell: Can Religion Cure Our Troubles?III. KNOWLEDGEIII.A. What Can We Know? Classical Theories of Knowledge24. Rene Descartes: Cartesian Doubt and the Search for Foundational Knowledge25. John Locke: The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge26. George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledge27. David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas28. G.E. Moore: Proof of an External World *III.B. Truth, Rationality, and Cognitive Relativism29. Bertrand Russell: The Correspondence Theory of Truth30. William James: The Pragmatic Theory of Truth31. Richard Rorty: Dismantling Truth: Solidarity versus Objectivity32. Daniel Dennett: Postmodernism and Truth33. Harvey Siegel: RelativismIII.C. Induction34. David Hume: Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding35. Wesley C. Salmon: The Problem of InductionIV. PHILOSOPHY OF MIND: THE MIND-BODY PROBLEMIV.A. What Am I? A Mind or a Body?36. Rene Descartes: Substance Dualism37. Gilbert Ryle: Exorcising Descartes' "Ghost in the Machine"38. J.P. Moreland: A Contemporary Defense of Dualism39. Paul Churchland: On Functionalism and Materialism40. J.J.C. Smart: Sensations and Brain Processes *41. Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat?42. Jerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem43. David Chalmers: Property Dualism44. John Searle: Minds, Brains, and Computers45. Ned Block: Troubles with FunctionalismIV.B. Who Am I? Do We Have Personal Identity?46. John Locke: Our Psychological Properties Define the Self47. David Hume: We Have No Substantial Self with Which We Are Identical48. Buddhist Scripture: Questions to King MilindaV. FREEDOM OF THE WILL AND DETERMINISM- Contra49. Baron d'Holbach: We Are Completely Determined- Pro50. William James: The Dilemma of Determinism51. Peter van Inwagen: The Powers of Rational Beings: Freedom of the Will52. Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self- Pro et Contra53. W.T. Stace: Compatibilism54. Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person55. David Hume: Liberty and NecessityVI. ETHICSVI.A. Are There Any Moral Absolutes or Is Morality Completely Relative?56. Ruth Benedict: Morality Is Relative57. James Rachels: Morality Is Not RelativeVI.B. Ethics and Egoism: Why Should We Be Moral?58. Plato: Why Should I Be Moral?: Gyges' Ring and Socrates' Dilemma59. Louis P. Pojman: Egoism and Altruism: A Critique of Ayn Rand60. Joel Feinberg: Psychological EgoismVI.C. Which Is the Correct Ethical Theory?61. Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law62. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism63. Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue64. Alison M. Jaggar: Feminist Ethics *65. Annette C. Baier: The Need for More than Justice *66. Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialist Ethics67. James Rachels: The Divine Command TheoryVII. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY68. Robert Paul Wolff: In Defense of Anarchism69. Thomas Hobbes: The Absolutist Answer: The Justification of the State Is the Security It Affords70. John Locke: The Democratic Answer: The Justification of the State Is Its Promotion of Security and Natural Human Rights71. John Stuart Mill: A Classical Liberal Answer: Government Must Promote Freedom72. John Rawls: The Contemporary Liberal Answer73. Robert Nozick: Against Liberalism *VIII. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF LIFE?74. Epicurus: Moderate Hedonism75. Epictetus: Stoicism: Enchiridion76. Albert Camus: Life Is Absurd77. Julian Baggini: Living Life Forwards78. Louis P. Pojman: Religion Gives Meaning to Life79. Thomas Nagel: The Absurd80. Bertrand Russell: Reflections on SufferingIX. CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMSIX.A. Is Abortion Morally Permissible?- Contra81. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral82. Francis J. Beckwith: Arguments from Bodily Rights *- Pro83. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion84. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion- Pro et Contra85. Jane English: The Moderate Position: Beyond the Personhood ArgumentIX.B. Is the Death Penalty Morally Permissible?- Pro86. Burton Leiser: The Death Penalty Is Permissible- Contra87. Hugo Adam Bedau: No, the Death Penalty Is Not Morally Permissible*IX.C. Should Society Permit Same-Sex Marriage?88. Sam Schulman: Gay Marriage--and Marriage *89. Jonathan Rauch: For Better or Worse? *IX.D. Do We Have Obligations to the Poor and Hungry?- Pro90. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence and Morality- Contra91. Garrett Hardin: Living on a LifeboatAppendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy PaperGlossary