Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings

Paperback | August 16, 2012

byFritz Allhoff, Ron Mallon, Shaun Nichols

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Recently, the fields of empirical and experimental philosophy have generated tremendous excitement, due to unexpected results that have challenged philosophical dogma. Responding to this trend, Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings is the first introductory philosophy reader tointegrate cutting-edge work in empirical and experimental philosophy with traditional philosophy. Featuring coverage that is equal parts historical, contemporary, and empirical/experimental, this topically organized reader provides students with a unique introduction to both the core and the vanguard of philosophy. The text is enhanced by pedagogical tools including commentary on each readingand chapter, study questions, suggested further readings, and a glossary. An Instructor's Manual and Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/allhoff provide additional resources.

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Recently, the fields of empirical and experimental philosophy have generated tremendous excitement, due to unexpected results that have challenged philosophical dogma. Responding to this trend, Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings is the first introductory philosophy reader tointegrate cutting-edge work in empirical and ex...

Fritz Allhoff is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Director of Graduate Studies at Western Michigan University. Ron Mallon is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Director of Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology at Washington University in St. Louis. Shaun Nichols is Professor of Philosophy at The University of Arizona.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:608 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:August 16, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199775257

ISBN - 13:9780199775255

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsPART I: KNOWLEDGE AND REALITY1. Belief in GodKevin Timpe: Introduction1.1a. Anselm: Proslogion1.1b. Gaunilo: A Reply on Behalf of the Fool1.2. Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologiae1.3. William Paley: Natural Theology1.4. Blaise Pascal: Pensees1.5. Peter van Inwagen: The Argument from Evil1.6. Sigmund Freud: The Future of an Illusion1.7. Alvin Plantinga: Warranted Christian Belief1.8. Deborah Kelemen: Are Children "Intuitive Theists"?1.9. Daniel Dennett: Breaking the Spell2. Skepticism and the Analysis of KnowledgeJames Beebe and Anand J. Vaidya: Introduction2.1. Sextus Empiricus: Outlines of Pyrrhonism2.2. Rene Descartes: Meditation I: Concerning Those Things That Can Be Called into Doubt2.3. George Berkeley: Principles of Human Knowledge2.4. G. E. Moore: Proof of an External World2.5. Edmund Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?2.6. Alvin Goldman: What Is Justified Belief?2.7. Shaun Nichols, Stephen Stich, and Jonathan Weinberg: Meta-Skepticism: Meditations in Ethno-Epistemology3. Explanation and CausationAlexandra Bradner: Introduction3.1. Aristotle: Physics, Posterior Analytics, Physics3.2. David Hume: Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding3.3. Albert Michotte: The Perception of Causality3.4. David Lewis: Causation3.5. Laura Scultz, Tamar Kushnir, and Alison Gopnik: Learning from DoingPART II: MIND AND SELF4. Mental StatesMark Phelan and Eric Mandelbaum: Introduction4.1. Rene Descartes and Princess Elisabeth: How Can Souls Move Bodies?4.2. Paul Bloom: The Duel between Body and Soul4.3. Mark Phelan, Eric Mandelbaum, and Shaun Nichols: Brain Damage, Mind Damage, and Dualism4.4. Paul Churchland: Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes4.5. Ron Mallon, Edouard Machery, Shaun Nichols, and Stephen Stich: Against Arguments from Reference4.6. Jerry Fodor: The Persistence of the Attitudes4.7. Daniel Dennett: Real Patterns4.8. Alison Gopnik and Henry M. Wellman: Why the Child's Theory of Mind Really Is a Theory4.9. Joshua Knobe: Person as Scientist, Person as Moralist5. ConsciousnessEmily Esch and Joshua Weisberg: Introduction5.1. Rene Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy5.2. Gottfried Leibniz: The Monadology5.3. T. H. Huxley: On the Hypothesis That Animals Are Automata, and Its History5.4. Frank Jackson: Epiphenomenal Qualia5.5. David Chalmers: The Puzzle of Conscious Experience5.6. Patricia Churchland: The Hornswoggle Problem5.7a. Martha J. Farah: Visual Perception and Visual Awareness after Brain Damage: A Tutorial5.7b. Michael Tye: Ten Problems of Consciousness5.8. Justin Sytsma: Folk Psychology and Phenomenal Consciousness6. Free Will and Moral ResponsibilityStephen Morris and Chris Weigel: Introduction6.1. Kai Nielson: The Compatibility of Freedom and Determinism6.2. Roderick Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self6.3. Galen Strawson: The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility6.4. Harry G. Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person6.5. Eddy Nahmias, Stephen Morris, Thomas Nadelhoffer, and Jason Turner: Surveying Freedom: Folk Intuitions about Free Will and Moral Responsibility6.6. Daniel Wegner: The Illusion of Conscious Will6.7. Alfred R. Mele: Free Will and Luck7. Persons and the SelfEmily Esch: Introduction7.1. John Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding7.2. Thomas Reid: Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man7.3. David Hume: Treatise of Human Nature7.4. Derek Parfit: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons7.5. Paul Bloom: First Person PluralPART III: VALUE THEORY8. Meta-EthicsTamler Sommers and Jennifer Cole Wright: Introduction8.1. Herodotus: Culture Is King8.2. Plato: Why Be Moral?8.3. A. J. Ayer: Emotivism8.4. J. L. Mackie: Error Theory8.5. Michael Smith: The Moral Problem8.6. James Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism8.7. John Doris and Stephen Stich: Empirical Approaches to Metaethics8.8. Jennifer Cole Wright and Hagop Sarkissian: Folk Meta-Ethical Commitments9. Normative EthicsKevin Timpe: Introduction9.1. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics9.2. Immanuel Kant: Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals9.3. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism9.4. John Doris: Persons, Situations, and Virtue Ethics9.5. Joshua Greene: The Secret Joke of Kant's Soul10. Philosophical MethodAnand J. Vaidya and Michael Shaffer: Introduction10.1. Plato: Meno10.2. Ludwig Wittgenstein: Philosophical Investigations10.3. Stephen P. Stich: Plato's Method Meets Cognitive Science10.4. Ernest Sosa: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical IntuitionGlossaryAbout the Editors