Photospeak: A Guide to the Ideas, Movements, and Techniques of Photography, 1839 to the Present by Gilles MoraPhotospeak: A Guide to the Ideas, Movements, and Techniques of Photography, 1839 to the Present by Gilles Mora

Photospeak: A Guide to the Ideas, Movements, and Techniques of Photography, 1839 to the Present

byGilles Mora

Paperback | March 1, 1998

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A worthy companion to Abbeville's three very successful reference volumes in the series—ArtSpeak, ArtSpoke, and AntiqueSpeak—PhotoSpeak is an informative, user-friendly resource. The complexities of photographic techniques, from catalogue to digital imaging and beyond, are explained in clear, straightforward language. The international groups and movements of photography are elucidated in the same accessible who-when-where-what format that has made this series so useful. And the aesthetic concepts and critical language used to explain (and often obscure) photography over the last century and a half are demystified in illuminating, enjoyable prose. A time line and a chart of all the movements complement the text and the original selection of images.
Gilles Mora has written several photographic books and monographs, including those on Walker Evans and Edward Weston. Previously the editor-in-chief of Cahiers de Photographie, a preeminent journal of photography, he now oversees the photographic program for the book publisher Editions de Seuil. In his spare time, he performs with his ...
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Title:Photospeak: A Guide to the Ideas, Movements, and Techniques of Photography, 1839 to the PresentFormat:PaperbackDimensions:216 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:March 1, 1998Publisher:Abbeville Publishing Group

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0789200686

ISBN - 13:9780789200686

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INTRODUCTION: A USER’S MANUAL Photography has become a familiar part of daily life, yet many of us remain unfamiliar with numerous aspects of its complex history, aesthetics, and processes. The primary purpose of this compact guide is to distill into user-friendly entries the most essential information about photography while at the same time revealing new facets of its richly eclectic history. Some entries offer precise descriptions of techniques both old and new, from daguerreotype and platinum print to digital imaging; these will be of particular usefulness to collectors. Some entries are devoted to the diverse styles and movements that have punctuated the history of photography, including Photo-Secession, New York Schoo, and Nueva Lente. Some entries investigate the role that certain subjects, applications, and approaches have played in photography, such as advertising, fashion, metaphor, photojournalism, and war. And, finally, several entries—collections, gallery, photo agencies, semiology, and so on—address issues related to the interpretation, acquisition, and display of photography. The entries dealing with movements are divided into the journalistic categories of WHO , WHEN , WHERE , and WHAT . WHO is a list of the principal photographers involved with a movement of style. Capitalized names indicate the pioneers or virtuosos of that approach. Certain individuals appear in multiple entries; this is the case for the powerful Alfred Stieglitz, for example, who loomed large in the Photo-Secession, Pictorialism, and straight photography. Dates and nationalities for the photographers are provided in the index. WHEN signifies the moment of greatest vitality for a particular attitude toward, or method of, photography. Straight photography, for example, did not disappear at the end of the 1960s, but by then its significance had greatly diminished. WHERE identifies the cities, countries, or continents in which a movement was centered. WHAT defines the nature, origins, and implications of the movement, style, and technique. Cross-references to other entires are CAPITALIZED. PhotoSpeak is addressed to a broad audience: students, collectors, curators, scholars, and those simply curious to know more about photography. The best way to use this volume will vary with the user. The expert can employ it to find specific facts&mdsah;say, the year that the Clarence H. White School of Photography was founded or who patented the ambrotype process. The more casual user will find it helpful to read the book from beginning to end and then consult it as needed, when confronted with unfamiliar terms, concepts, or images in photography.

Table of Contents

PHOTOCHART 6

INTRODUCTION: A USER’S MANUAL 7

COLOR PLATES 9

TIMELINE 21

ABSTRACTION 39
ADVERTISING PHOTOGRAPHY 41
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 43
ALBUM 45
ALBUMEN PRINT 47
AMBROTYPE 48
ANONYMOUS PHOTOGRAPHY 49
ART AND PHOTOGRAPHY 52
AUTOCHROME 54
BAUHAUS 55
BLURRING 58
THE BODY 58
CALOTYPE (TALBOTYPE) 61
CAMERA 61
CAMERA OBSCURA/CAMERA LUCIDA 61
CARBON PROCESS 62
CARTE-DE-VISITE 63
(CHRONOPHOTOGRAPHY—see MOVEMENT AND PHOTOGRAPHY)
THE CITY AND PHOTOGRAPHY 63
CLARENCE H. WHITE SCHOOL OF PHOTOGRAPHY 66
CLARITY 66
CLICHE VERRE 67
COLLAGE 67
COLLECTIONS 68
COLLODION PROCESSES 70
COLOR 71
CONSERVATION 73
CONTACT PRINT/CONTACT SHEET 75
CRITICISM AND PHOTOGRAPHY 75
(CROPPING—see FRAME)
DAGUERREOTYPE 78
DECISIVE MOMENT 78
DEVELOPMENT 80
DIGITAL IMAGING 81
DIRECT PROCESS 84
(DIRECTORIAL PHOTOGRAPHY—see STAGED PHOTOGRAPHY)
DOCUMENTARY PHOTOGRAPHY 84
DOUBLE EXPOSURE 87
DYE-TRANSFER PROCESS 87
EMULSON 87
ENLARGEMENT 88
EQUIVALENTS 89
FARM SECURITY ADMINISTRATION (FSA) 90
FASHION PHOTOGRAPHY 92
(FERROTYPE—see TINTYPE)
FILM 94
FILM UND FOTO 95
(FIXING—see DEVELOPMENT)
FORMAT 96
FRAME 97
FUTURISM AND PHOTOGRAPHY 99
GALLERY 100
GELATIN SILVER PROCESS 100
GRAFFITI 101
GROUP F/64 103
GUM BICHROMATE PROCESS 104
HISTORIES OF PHOTOGRAPHY 104
HUMANIST PHOTOGRAPHY 105
INSTALLATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY 107
JAPONISME 108
JUDICIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 109
LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY 110
LATENT IMAGE 112
LENS 113
LIGHT 113
LITERATURE AND PHOTOGRAPHY 115
LUMINISM 117
MANIPULATION 118
METAPHOR 119
MODERNISM AND PHOTOGRAPHY 121
(MONTAGE—see PHOTOMONTAGE)
MOVEMENT AND PHOTOGRAPHY 122
NATURALISTIC PHOTOGRAPHY 124
NEGATIVE-POSITIVE PROCESS 126
NEUE SACHLICHKEIT 128
(NEW BAUHAUS—see BAUHAUS)
(NEW COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY— see LUMINISM)
(NEW OBJECTIVITY—see NEUE SACHLICHKEIT)
(NEW PHOTOGRAPHY—see NEUE SACHLICHKEIT)
NEW TOPOGRAPHICS 130
NEW VISION 132
NEW YORK SCHOOL 135
NUEVA LENTE 137
OBJECTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY 138
OPTICAL DISTORTION 139
(OVERPRINTING—see DOUBLE EXPOSURE)
(PALLADIUM PRINT—see PLATINUM PRINT)
PANORAMIC PHOTOGRAPHY 140
PHOTO AGENCIES 141
PHOTO-ESSAY 142
PHOTOGENIC DRAWING 143
PHOTOGRAM 143
PHOTOGRAPHIC ACT 145
PHOTOGRAPHIC PAPER 146
PHOTOGRAPHY INDUSTRY 146
PHOTOJOURNALISM 147
PHOTO LEAGUE 149
PHOTOMACROGRAPHY/PHOTOMICROGRAPHY 150
PHOTOMONTAGE 151
PHOTO-REALISM 153
PHOTO-SECESSION 154
PICTORIALISM 155
PINHOLE CAMERA 157
PLATINUM PRINT 158
POLAROID 158
POP ART AND PHOTOGRAPHY 159
PORTRAITURE 161
POSTMODERNISM 164
PRINTS 166
PUBLISHING AND PHOTOGRAPHY 167
(RAYOGRAM—see PHOTOGRAM)
REPRODUCTIVE PROCESSES 168
(SABATTIER EFFECT—see SOLARIZATION)
SALT-PAPER PROCESS 169
(SCHADOGRAPH—see PHOTOGRAM)
SCIENTIFIC PHOTOGRAPHY 169
SCULPTURE AND PHOTOGRAPHY 171
SELECTION 173
SELF-PORTRAIT 174
SEMIOLOGY 176
SENSITIZED SURFACE 176
SERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 177
SNAPSHOT/INSTANTANEITY 179
SOLARIZATION 180
STAGED PHOTOGRAPHY 180
(STEREOGRAPH—see THREE-DIMENSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHY)
STRAIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY 183
STREET PHOTOGRAPHY 184
SUBJEKTIVE FOTOGRAFIE 187
SURREALISM 189
SYMBOLISM 192
THREE-DIMENSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHY 193
TINTYPE 194
TONING 194
TRAVEL PHOTOGRAPHY 195
VORTOGRAPH 197
WAR PHOTOGRAPHY 199
WOMEN AND PHOTOGRAPHY 201
WOODBURYTYPE 204

From Our Editors

This handy volume provides an up-to-the-minute guide to the techniques, aesthetics, and critical jargon of photography. The complexities of photographic techniques, from the calotype to digital imaging and beyond, are explained in clear, straightforward language. An illustrated time line complements the text and the original selection of images. 62 illustrations, 12 in color