Physico-chemical Characterisation Of Plant Residues For Industrial And Feed Use by Andrew ChessonPhysico-chemical Characterisation Of Plant Residues For Industrial And Feed Use by Andrew Chesson

Physico-chemical Characterisation Of Plant Residues For Industrial And Feed Use

byAndrew Chesson

Paperback | September 22, 2011

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The workshop reported in this volume is one of a series sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General for Science, Research and Development (DG XII), under the Concerted Action Programme COST 84-bis, entitled "Use of lignocellulose containing by-products and other plant residues for animal feeding". Since COST 84-bis was established there has been a major shift of emphasis in agricultural research in Europe, with the development of alternative uses for crops and their by-products becoming a priority issue. In recognition of this recent workshops he,ld under the aegis of COST 84-bis have been equally concerned with the potential of lignocellulosic residues to form the feedstock for a variety of new and established industrial uses in addition to their established use as animal feed. Development of strategies for the use of plants or plant residues with a high cell wall content is dependant on knowledge of cell wall structure and organisation and how structure relates to the behaviour of the wall during mechanical, chemical or biological processing. Progress in cell wall research has been greatly facilitated by the substantial developments in methods of instrumental analysis that have occurred during the last decade. Plant tissues now can be examined in far greater detail and far more rapidly than was hitherto possible, often without the need for extraction or modification of the cell wall or its component polymers.
Title:Physico-chemical Characterisation Of Plant Residues For Industrial And Feed UseFormat:PaperbackDimensions:9.61 × 6.69 × 0.07 inPublished:September 22, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401070016

ISBN - 13:9789401070010


Table of Contents

Use of modern NMR spectroscopy in plant cell wall research.- Near- and mid-infrared studies of the cell wall structure of cereal straw in relation to its rumen degradability.- An introduction to pyrolysis mass spectrometry of lignocellulosic material: case studies on barley straw, corn stem and Agropyron.- Cell wall autofluorescence.- Light microscopy and histology of lignocellulose related to biodegradation.- Electron microscopy as a method to evaluate structure and degradation of plant cell walls.- Some properties of cell wall layers determining ruminant digestion.- Identification and importance of polyphenolic compounds in crop residues.- 13C-NMR spectroscopy of lignins and lignocellulosic materials.- Lignin characterisation of wheat straw samples as determined by chemical degradation procedures.- Determination of phenolic compounds from lignocellulosic by-products by HPLC with electrochemical detector.- Electrochemical approaches to the oxidative degradation of lignins and lignocellulosic materials.- Methods for the evaluation of lignin properties suitable for conversion.- Comparison of chemical and biological methods for predicting feed intakes and animal performance.- Recommendations.- List of Participants.