Politeness in our everyday conversations by Thomas Dassler

Politeness in our everyday conversations

byThomas Dassler

Kobo ebook | April 16, 2007

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Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2, http://www.uni-jena.de/ (Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik), course: Meaning In Interaction, 5 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In our everyday life language is essential. Not only when people need to pass on information, we use it, also we cannot be without it when we relax or spend time with friends. But why do we meet different styles of communication? Why are conversations so diverse? And why can the same words have different meanings in different contexts? Initially we need to have a closer look at the communication partners, the so called speaker and hearer, and also check the context of the communication situation. At first I will examine the term pragmatics, after studying linguists like Yule, Brown, Levinson, Goffman and Leech. To understand language, it is important to take a closer look at the aspect, which is called pragmatics. (cf. LEECH 1995, 1) 'Pragmatics is the study of speaker meaning.' (YULE 1996, 3) It is concerned with the study of meaning of the words uttered by the speaker, than 'what the words or phrases in those utterances might mean by themselves'. (ibid.) For Leech it is essential to understand that pragmatics studies meaning in relation to speech situations and not only the meaning of specific words. (cf. LEECH 1995, 6) Sometimes it is more communicated than what actually was said by the speaker and sometimes the hearer understands it wrong. That is a problem from speaker's point of view, because he always wants to achieve a goal when saying something. Also there is a problem for the hearer; he in an automatic manner interprets the speakers saying. (ibid., 36) 'Pragmatics involves PROBLEM-SOLVING both from s's and from h's point of view.' (ibid.) It tries to help distinguish between the said and the unsaid. (cf. YULE 1996, 3) There are conversations between two individuals, which do not make sense for a third listener. If the third person wants to understand it too, it is necessary to know what the speaker has in mind. This is most of the time not possible. That is why pragmatics deals with background knowledge and expectations - what is unsaid. (cf. ibid., 84) 'In other words, more was being communicated than was being said.' (ibid., 5) [...]
Title:Politeness in our everyday conversationsFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:April 16, 2007Publisher:GRIN PublishingLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3638685799

ISBN - 13:9783638685795

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