Political Islam in Colonial Punjab: A Socio-Political Study

Hardcover | November 15, 2010

bySamina Awan

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The investigation of an ideologised and activist organization like the Majlis-i-Ahrar-i-Islam (MAI) proves a journey through several inter-related domains including political Islam, South Asian Muslim identity politics and the transformation of Punjab from a bastion of the Raj to a sword armfor Pakistan movement. Here, region, culture, class, creed, oratory and populist politics combined to unleash a form of agitational pattern which not only politicized Muslims in Punjab and in the adjoining regions, they equally made the urban-rural schisms even more explicit. Using print capital andespousing trans-regional Islam and composite Indian nationalism, the Ahrar leaders brought a synthesis between the divergent forces of modernity and tradition, yet were overtaken by even larger movements, which offered more comprehensive and competitive programmes. Hemmed in between the Khilafat andPartition, the MAI offers a unique area to research several important historical issues in the recent South Asian history. The study of the Majli-i-Ahrar Islam (MAI) reveals the centrality of politics of personalities and issues within a broad political and ideological context. It was a brainchildof the middle class, urban Muslim professionals, who espoused a complete independence for India and sought the empowerment of underprivileged groups both in the princely states and British India. Its appeal banked on traditional modes such as oratory, mosque-based activism and voluntary supportobtained in the name of Islam and higher moral values. It tried to make its mark on several fronts and that too within the most crucial two decades preceding independence and, at times, filled up prisons with its volunteers courting mass arrest.

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The investigation of an ideologised and activist organization like the Majlis-i-Ahrar-i-Islam (MAI) proves a journey through several inter-related domains including political Islam, South Asian Muslim identity politics and the transformation of Punjab from a bastion of the Raj to a sword armfor Pakistan movement. Here, region, culture,...

Dr Samina Awan started her career as faculty member in the Department of History at Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad. Dr Awan has the distinction of being the first Scholar who did an objective research study of Majlis-i-Ahrar as her PhD dissertation from Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. She is also the first University teac...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:350 pagesPublished:November 15, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199060118

ISBN - 13:9780199060115

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Formation of the All India Majlis-i-Ahrar-i-Islam2. Political Activism: The Majlis-i-Ahrar in Princely States3. Religious Populism and Social Activism of Majlis-i-Ahrar4. Political Activism in Punjab 1929-19475. Politics of Islamic SymbolismConclusionGlossaryBibliographyAppendix-I: The Constitution of the Majiis-i-Ahrar-i-Islam-i-HindIndex