Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Hardcover | March 20, 2015

EditorPhilip Kreager, Bruce Winney, Stanley Ulijaszek

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The Human Sciences address problems in nature and society that often require coordinated approaches of several scientific disciplines and scholarly research, embracing the social and biological sciences, and history. When we wish, for example, to understand how some sub-populations and notothers come to be vulnerable, why a disease spreads in one part of a population and not another, or which gene variants are transmitted across generations, then a remarkable range of disciplinary perspectives need to be brought together, from the study of institutional structures, culturalboundaries, and social networks down to the micro-biology of cellular pathways, and gene expression. The need to explain and address differential impacts of pressing contemporary issues like AIDS, ageing, social and economic inequalities, and environmental change, are well-known cases in point.Population concepts, models, and evidence lie at the core of approaches to all of these problems, if only because accurate differentiation and identification of groups, their structures, constituents, and relations between sub-populations, are necessary to specify their nature and extent. The studyof population thus draws both on statistical methodologies of demography and population genetics and sustained observation of the ways in which populations and sub-populations are formed, maintained, or broken up in nature, in the laboratory, and in society. In an era in which research needs tooperate on multiple levels, population thinking thus provides a common ground for communication and critical thought across disciplines.Population in the Human Sciences addresses the need for review and assessment of the framework of interdisciplinary population studies. Limitations to prevailing postwar paradigms like the Evolutionary Synthesis and Demographic Transition were becoming evident by the 1970s. Subsequent decades havewitnessed an immense expansion of population modelling and related empirical inquiry, with new genetic developments that have reshaped evolutionary, population, and developmental biology. The rise of anthropological and historical demography, and social network analysis, are playing major roles inrethinking modern and earlier population history. More recently, the emergence of sub-disciplines like biodemography and evolutionary anthropology, and growing links between evolutionary and developmental biology, indicate a growing convergence of biological and social approaches topopulation.

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The Human Sciences address problems in nature and society that often require coordinated approaches of several scientific disciplines and scholarly research, embracing the social and biological sciences, and history. When we wish, for example, to understand how some sub-populations and notothers come to be vulnerable, why a disease spr...

Philip Kreager is an anthropological demographer and historian of population thought and analysis. He is Senior Research Fellow in Human Sciences, Somerville College; Director, Fertility and Reproductive Studies Group, School of Anthropology; Lecturer and Tutor in Population, Institute of Human Sciences; and Senior Research Fellow, In...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:640 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 1.58 inPublished:March 20, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199688206

ISBN - 13:9780199688203

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Table of Contents

PART I. Population in the Human Sciences: An IntroductionPhilip Kreager, Bruce Winney, Stanley Ulijaszek, Cristian Capelli: IntroductionPART II. What is a Population?1. Philip Kreager: Population and the Making of the Human Sciences: An Historical Outline2. Walter Bodmer and Bruce Winney: Population Genetics: The Study of the Genetic Structure of Human Populations3. Daniel John Lawson: Populations in Statistical Genetic Modelling and Inference4. Kenneth W. Wachter: Population Heterogeneity in the Spotlight of BiodemographyPART III. Rethinking Intra- and Inter-Population Dynamics5. John Odling-Smee: Niche Construction in Human Evolution and Demography6. Simon Szreter: Populations for Studying the Causes of Britain's Fertility Decline: Communication Communities7. Hans-Peter Kohler, Stephane Helleringer, Jere R. Behrman, and Susan C. Watkins: The Social and the Sexual: Networks in Contemporary Demographic Research8. Jennifer A. Johnson-Hanks: Populations are Composed One Event at a TimePART IV. Mechanisms of Local Level Variation and Change of State9. Elisabeth Schroder-Butterfill: Networks, Strata, and Ageing: Towards a Compositional Demography of Vulnerability10. Graeme Hugo: Constructing Migration in Southeast Asia: Conceptual, Empirical, and Policy Issues11. Melissa J. Brown: Collective Identities, Shifting Population Membership, and Niche Construction Theory: Implications from Taiwanese and Chinese Empirical Evidence12. Hillard Kaplan, Paul L. Hooper, Jonathan Stieglitz, and Michael Gurven: The Causal Relationship between Fertility and Infant Mortality: Prospective Analyses of a Population in TransitionPART V. Constructing Populations in the Long Term13. Francesc Calafell and David Comas: Genetics and the Reconstruction of African Population History14. Sarah Elton and Jason Dunn: Species, Populations, and Groups in Hominin Evolution15. Mikolaj Szoltysek: Residence Patterns and the Human-Ecological Setting in Historical Eastern Europe: A Challenge of Compositional (Re)analysis16. Mark Elvin: Linking Late-Imperial and Early Modern Population Dynamics in the Lower Yangzi Valley: An Analysis of Xiaoji TownshipPART VI. Identifying Sub-Populations for Disease Treatment and Control17. Chris Spencer: From Populations to Clines in Modern Statistical Genetics18. Simon Gregson and Tim Hallett: Population Structure and Public Health Research on HIV Control in Sub-Saharan Africa19. Stephen Kunitz: Interventions in Context20. Klim McPherson: Hormones and Disease: Contested Knowledge of Exogenous Hormones in the Evaluation of Oral Contraceptives and Hormone Replacement Therapy