Populism and Patronage: Why Populists Win Elections in India, Asia, and Beyond by Paul D. KennyPopulism and Patronage: Why Populists Win Elections in India, Asia, and Beyond by Paul D. Kenny

Populism and Patronage: Why Populists Win Elections in India, Asia, and Beyond

byPaul D. Kenny

Hardcover | October 28, 2017

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Populist rule is bad for democracy, yet in country after country, populists are being voted into office. Populism and Patronage shows that the populists such as Indira Gandhi and Narendra Modi win elections when the institutionalized ties between non-populist parties and voters decay. Yet, theexplanations for this decay differ across different types of party system. Populism and Patronage focuses on the particular vulnerability of patronage-based party systems to populism. Patronage-based systems are ones in which parties depend on the distribution of patronage through a network ofbrokers to mobilize voters. Drawing on principal agent theory and social network theory, this book argues that an increase in broker autonomy weakens the ties between patronage parties and voters, making latter available for direct mobilization by populists. Decentralization is thus a major factorbehind populist success in patronage democracies. The volume argues that populists exploit the breakdown in national patronage networks by connecting directly with the people through the media and mass rallies, avoiding or minimizing the use of deeply-institutionalized party structures.This book not only reinterprets the recurrent appeal ofpopulism in India, but also offers a more general theory of populist electoral support that is tested using qualitative and quantitative data on cases from across Asia and around the world, including Indonesia, Japan, Venezuela, and Peru.
Paul D. Kenny is a Research Fellow in Indian Political and Social Change at the Australian National University. His current research covers several areas of comparative politics, including the causes and consequences of populism, ethnic politics, and the politics of immigration. He has published in leading scholarly journals including ...
Title:Populism and Patronage: Why Populists Win Elections in India, Asia, and BeyondFormat:HardcoverDimensions:304 pagesPublished:October 28, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198807872

ISBN - 13:9780198807872

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Table of Contents

1. The Puzzle of Populism2. Understanding Populism and why it Matters3. A Theory of Populist Success in Patronage Democracies4. The Emergence of the India's Patronage-Based Party System5. Broker Autonomy and the End of Indian Congress Party Dominance6. India's Turn to Populism7. Regionalism and the Rise of the Populist Far Right in India8. Testing the Causal Mechanisms in Additional Cases9. Populism and Patronage: Cross-National Evidence10. Conclusion