Portuguese: A Reference Manual by Sheila R. Ackerlind

Portuguese: A Reference Manual

bySheila R. Ackerlind, Rebecca Jones-Kellogg

Paperback | September 1, 2011

not yet rated|write a review

Pricing and Purchase Info


Earn 173 plum® points

Ships within 1-3 weeks

Ships free on orders over $25

Not available in stores


An essential, comprehensive guide for all who are interested in learning the Portuguese language and mastering its complexities, Portuguese: A Reference Manual supplements the phonetic and grammatical explanations offered in basic textbooks. While the Manual focuses on Brazilian Portuguese, it incorporates European Portuguese variants and thus provides a more complete description of the language. Accessible to non-linguists and novice language learners, as well as informative for instructors of Portuguese and specialists in other languages, this guide incorporates the Orthographic Accord (in effect since 2009–2010), which attempts to standardize Portuguese orthography.

The Manual reflects the language as it is currently taught at both the undergraduate and graduate levels by providing detailed explanations of the sound and writing systems and the grammar of the principal Portuguese dialects. A reference guide rather than a textbook, the Manual also provides extensive verb charts, as well as comparisons of Portuguese with English and Spanish.

About The Author

Sheila Ackerlind is Professor Emerita of Portuguese at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. She taught Romance languages for more than thirty years at various universities.Rebecca Jones-Kellogg is Assistant Professor of Portuguese at West Point and has traveled extensively throughout Portugal, Brazil, and Lusophone Africa.

Details & Specs

Title:Portuguese: A Reference ManualFormat:PaperbackDimensions:378 pages, 11.02 × 8.56 × 0.9 inPublished:September 1, 2011Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292726732

ISBN - 13:9780292726734

Look for similar items by category:

Customer Reviews of Portuguese: A Reference Manual


Extra Content

Table of Contents

The Portuguese-Speaking WorldPreface and AcknowledgementsAbbreviations, Symbols, and Diacritical MarksPhonetic SymbolsLinguistic and Grammatical Terms in English and PortugueseDefinitions of Linguistic and Grammatical TermsOrthographic ReformsSound SystemOral VowelsOral DiphthongsNasal VowelsNasal DiphthongsPortuguese and Corresponding Spanish Vowels and DiphthongsConsonantsWriting System and AccentuationAlphabetLetters Used to Transcribe Portuguese SoundsCapitalizationPunctuation Marks and Commonly Used Typographic SymbolsDiacritical MarksSyllables and Word DivisionStress and AccentuationWords Stressed on the Second-to-Last Syllable (Proparoxytones)Words Stressed on the Next-to-Last Syllable (Paroxytones)Words Stressed on the Last Syllable (Oxytones)Portuguese, Spanish, and English CognatesCognatesPortuguese and Corresponding Spanish and English Sounds and LettersPortuguese and Corresponding Spanish Sounds and LettersPortuguese and Corresponding Spanish and English PrefixesPortuguese and Corresponding Spanish and English SuffixesDifferences in Stress between Portuguese and Spanish CognatesTrue, Partial, and False CognatesGrammatical CategoriesArticlesDefinite and Indefinite ArticlesContractions of Prepositions with ArticlesNouns and AdjectivesAdjectivesPlural of Nouns and AdjectivesGender of Nouns and AdjectivesDifferences in Gender between Portuguese and Spanish Noun CognatesPlacement of Adjectives with NounsDiminutives and AugmentativesNumbers and NumeralsAdverbsComparatives and Superlatives Comparisons of EqualityComparisons of Superiority and InferiorityRelative SuperlativesAbsolute SuperlativesPersonal PronounsSubject PronounsForms of AddressPrepositional Pronouns and Contractions with PrepositionsDirect Object PronounsIndirect Object PronounsPlacement of Object PronounsReflexive Pronouns and VerbsPossessive Adjectives and PronounsDemonstrative Adjectives and PronounsContractions of Prepositions with DemonstrativesRelative WordsInterrogative WordsAffirmative, Negative, and Indefinite WordsPrepositionsVerbs and Corresponding PrepositionsConjunctionsVerbsImpersonal and Personal InfinitivePast Participle and Compound Tenses and Forms Passive VoiceIndicative MoodPresent Tense FormsUsesPresent Perfect TenseImperfect (Preterite Imperfect) TenseFormsUsesPreterite (Preterite Perfect) TenseFormsUsesPreterite versus ImperfectSimple and Compound Past Perfect (Pluperfect) TenseFuture TenseFuture Perfect TenseConditional TenseConditional Perfect TenseSubjunctive Mood Present TensePresent Perfect TensePast (Imperfect) TensePast Perfect (Pluperfect) TenseFuture TenseFuture Perfect TenseSubjunctive in Subordinate ClausesSubjunctive in Noun ClausesSubjunctive in Adjective ClausesSubjunctive in Adverb ClausesSubjunctive in Conditional SentencesSubjunctive in Common ExpressionsPresent Participle and Progressive Tenses and FormsImperative MoodImpersonal Verbs and ExpressionsVerbs That Take an Indirect Object without a Direct ObjectSer versus EstarFicarTer and HaverHaver and Fazer in Expressions of TimeAcabarSaber versus ConhecerVerb and Other Grammar ChartsRegular Verbs: Derivation of Tenses and FormsRegular VerbsIrregular VerbsVerb Tenses and FormsPresent Indicative Imperfect (Preterite Imperfect) Indicative Preterite (Preterite Perfect) IndicativeSimple Past Perfect (Pluperfect) IndicativeFuture IndicativeConditional Present Subjunctive Past (Imperfect) SubjunctiveFuture SubjunctivePersonal InfinitivePast ParticipleCompound TensesPresent Participle and Progressive TensesImperative (Command Forms)Verbs and Expressions That Require the SubjunctivePersonal Pronouns and PossessivesContractions of Direct with Indirect Object PronounsDemonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns, and ContractionsContractions of PrepositionsRelative WordsInterrogative WordsAffirmative and Negative WordsIndefinite WordsIrregular Comparatives and Relative Superlatives"Synthetic" Absolute Superlative AdjectivesAdverbs and Adverb PhrasesPrepositionsVerb ListWorks ConsultedReference WorksTextbooksIndex of TopicsIndex of Portuguese Words and Phrases

Editorial Reviews

This book provides an incredible wealth of information, including details and examples not found elsewhere. A worthy project. - John Jensen, Professor of Modern Languages, Florida International University, retired