Postoperative Thromboembolism: Frequency, Etiology, Prophylaxis by David BergqvistPostoperative Thromboembolism: Frequency, Etiology, Prophylaxis by David Bergqvist

Postoperative Thromboembolism: Frequency, Etiology, Prophylaxis

byDavid Bergqvist

Paperback | March 1, 1983

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Our knowledge of postoperative thromboembolic complications has increased enormously over the past 2 decades, particularly where diag­ nosis and prophylaxis are concerned. The 125 I-fibrinogen method of diagnosing thrombosis has completely changed our concept of the frequency, occurrence, and natural course of thrombosis, and it has formed the basis of most thromboprophylactic studies. Concurrently with the development of this diagnostic method, two methods for the prophylaxis of thrombosis have come into vo­ gue, namely low-dose heparin and dextran. Both these methods were tested in very extensive studies during the seventies, and their value has been unequivocally proved, for reducing both the frequency of thrombosis with and without symptoms, and the frequency of fatal pulmonary embolism. Thromboprophylaxis is not particularly common in surgery; how­ ever, and its general use is far from uncontested. It has been argued that not only does it complicate surgical activities and make them mo­ re expensive, but it also involves an unacceptable number of other complications.
Title:Postoperative Thromboembolism: Frequency, Etiology, ProphylaxisFormat:PaperbackDimensions:245 pagesPublished:March 1, 1983Publisher:Springer Berlin HeidelbergLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3540120629

ISBN - 13:9783540120629

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Table of Contents

Definitions.- History.- Frequency of Thromboembolic Complications.- Diagnosis of Deep Vein Thrombosis.- Diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism.- Incidence of Thrombosis.- Preoperative Thrombosis.- Incidence Following General Surger.- Incidence Following Urologic Surgery.- Incidence Following Gynecologic Surgery.- Incidence Following Orthopedic Surgery.- Incidence in Other Types of Surgery.- Incidence of Pulmonary Embolism.- Incidence of Post-thrombotic Venous Insufficiency.- Time of Onset of Thromboembolism.- Summary.- Pathogenesis of Thrombosis.- Changes of the Vessel Wall.- Changes in the Blood Flow.- Changes of Blood Properties.- Platelet Changes.- Changes in Coagulation Factors.- Inhibitor Changes.- Changes in Fibrinolysis.- Postoperative Thrombosis. The Pathogenetic Hypothesis...- Summary.- Risk Factors.- Importance of the Type of Anesthesia.- Geographic Factors.- Seasonal Variation.- Other Factors.- Risk Factor Assessment.- Summary.- Prophylaxis of Thromboembolism.- Mechanical Methods.- Compression Stockings.- Motorized Foot Mover.- Electric Calf Muscle Stimulation.- Intermittent Calf Muscle Compression.- Mode of Action.- Different Pump Models.- Clinical Documentation.- Complications.- Comments.- Vena Caval Interruption.- Summary.- Oral Anticoagulants.- Mode of Action.- Clinical Documentation.- Practical Aspects.- Adverse Effects.- Summary.- Ancrod.- Summary.- Low-Dose Heparin.- Mode of Action.- Clinical Documentation.- Heparin Salt.- Dosage.- Practical Aspects of Heparin Administration.- Adverse Effects.- Hemorrhage.- Thrombocytopenia.- Other Complications 1ll.- Summary.- Heparin Analogues.- Summary.- Dihydroergotamine and a Combination of Dihydroergotamine and Low-Dose Heparin.- Mode of Action.- Clinical Documentation.- Summary.- Platelet-Influencing Agents.- Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA).- Mode of Action.- Clinical Documentation.- Adverse Effects.- Comments.- Dipyridamole.- Combination of ASA and Dipyridamole.- Sulfinpyrazone.- Hydroxychloroquine.- Flurbiprofen.- Ticlopidine.- Summary.- Dextran.- Mode of Action.- Influence on the Hemostatic System.- Clinical Documentation.- Dosage.- Adverse Effects.- Cardiac Overloading.- Hemorrhagic Complications.- Anaphylactoid Reactions.- Kidney Damage.- Summary.- Comparative Studies of Low-Dose Heparin and Dextran.- Summary.- Other Prophylactic Methods.- Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid).- Stimulation of Fibrinolysis.- Xantinol Nicotinate.- O-(?-Hydroxyethyl)-rutoside (HR).- Lidocaine.- Saponin-?-aescin.- Antithrombin III.- Summary.- Combination Prophylaxis.- Summary.- Use of Prophylaxis.- Summary.- Prophylaxis Against Thromboembolism in Various Clinical Situations.- Summarizing Comments.- References.- Books and Reviews Dealing with Thromboprophylactic Problems.- Subject Index..