POVERTY IN IRELAND 1837: Szegénység Irlandban by József EötvösPOVERTY IN IRELAND 1837: Szegénység Irlandban by József Eötvös

POVERTY IN IRELAND 1837: Szegénység Irlandban

byJózsef Eötvös

Paperback | March 15, 2017

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In 1837, the power of Daniel O'Connell's oratory focused the attention of Europeans on Ireland. They were horrified at what they saw there. The Irish poor - a third of the population - had no food except the potatoes they grew, and not enough clothing to cover themselves. They went hungry for two months of the year, and half-naked for all the year. Yet this would be their last 'good' decade before more than a million of them would vanish into unmarked graves in the 1840s. The idealistic young Baron Eötvös - a humanitarian and already a much-praised poet - struggled to understand how Ireland could have been reduced to this state under English rule, and why English journalists wrote with such bigotry about the Irish. In Hungary, he was a campaigner for the freedom of serfs, but conceded that those serfs lived in better conditions and had more protection than Irish tenants and labourers. The only protection for the Irish poor came from illegal organizations such as the Whiteboys.His visit coincided with a pivotal moment in Irish history, when debate was raging about the introduction of a 'Poor Law' (with Poor Tax to pay for it) - a charitable-sounding term for a cruel Act aimed at clearing the land of people who had no other means of survival.His deeply researched summary of the English occupation of Ireland - uninfluenced by modern revisionism - makes compelling, often harrowing reading.

Title:POVERTY IN IRELAND 1837: Szegénység IrlandbanFormat:PaperbackDimensions:220 pages, 8.5 × 5.5 × 0.5 inPublished:March 15, 2017Publisher:Phaeton Publishing LimitedLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1908420219

ISBN - 13:9781908420213

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Table of Contents

Foreword About the Author - Baron József Eötvös Introduction [bevezeto] The wealth of England and the poverty of Ireland under the same government. Observations on the new English Poor Law of 1834 and its unsuitability for agricultural Ireland. Chapter I [1. fejezet] Ownership and use of land in Ireland. Living conditions and diet of the Irish poor. Secret societies in rural Ireland. The thinking in England about the causes of Irish poverty. Chapter II [2. fejezet] The influence of history on the present state of Ireland. Reasons for failure of the English to assimilate in Ireland. The confiscation of Irish lands. The Penal Laws against Roman Catholics. Chapter III [3. fejezet] Background to 1798 Rebellion and reprisals that followed. The rise of Daniel O'Connell. The cruelty and cost of forced emigration. József Eötvös's hopes for Ireland's future. Historical Background Notes Catholic representation - Tithe wars - Secret agrarian groups (through eyes of Thomas Moore, John Revans, & Richard Griffith) - Poor Law, Poor Tax, Workhouses - Different recommendations on Irish poverty (by Whately Commission, by G. Cornewall Lewis, & by G. Nicholls) - How the Irish poor died in the following decade. Bibliography (& Eötvös's writings) & Editing Notes INDEX

Editorial Reviews

"A remarkable study of the causes and effects of poverty in pre-Famine Ireland... an acutely accurate account of conditions in the country in the mid-1830s... The baron's sources are impeccable; he quotes widely and wisely, to add to his own observations... After 175 years the book rings true for the devastating accuracy of its reporting of the ills of Ireland and the reason why the poor suffered so much. Eötvös does not explicitly forecast the Great Famine but makes it clear that all the conditions for it had already been set in place by the 1830s. ...It's a vivid and gripping tale that totally contradicts the official story of Ireland..." -?Books Ireland magazine "On The Tragedy of The Irish, Through Hungarian eyes-There are few examples showing this troubled period of Ireland through the eyes of a foreigner (not Irish or British) with such scientific thoroughness and literary sensitivity. ...The book should be among the recommended readings for the responsible citizens of the European Union...this is an exemplary edition, being the first annotated version of Eötvös's work..." - Central European Political Science Review "Amongst many visitors to pre-Famine Ireland was the Hungarian baron József Eötvös (a campaigner for the freedom of serfs who went on to become a major literary and political figure in his homeland); he was horrified by what he witnessed here and castigated Ireland's...rulers for exercising, as he put it, their 'unlimited and self-serving power over the people'..." -History Ireland magazine "Highly interesting and an excellent publication both in content and format... an important contribution to an understanding of Eötvös in the international academic community." -Dr Paul Body [author of Joseph Eötvös and the Modernization of Hungary 1840-1870, American Philosophical Society]