Power, Institutions, and Leadership in War and Peace: Lessons from Peru and Ecuador, 1995&#x2013…

Paperback | April 1, 2013

byDavid R. Mares, David Scott Palmer

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In January 1995, fighting broke out between Ecuadorian and Peruvian military forces in a remote section of the Amazon. It took more than three years and the interplay of multiple actors and factors to achieve a definitive peace agreement, thus ending what had been the region's oldest unresolved border dispute. This conflict and its resolution provide insights about other unresolved and/or disputed land and sea boundaries which involve almost every country in the Western Hemisphere.

Drawing on extensive field research at the time of the dispute and during its aftermath, including interviews with high-ranking diplomats and military officials, Power, Institutions, and Leadership in War and Peace is the first book-length study to relate this complex border dispute and its resolution to broader theories of conflict. The findings emphasize an emerging leadership approach in which individuals are not mere captives of power and institutions. In addition, the authors illuminate an overlap in national and international arenas in shaping effective articulation, perception, and selection of policy.

In the “new” democratic Latin America that emerged in the late 1970s through the early 1990s, historical memory remains influential in shaping the context of disputes, in spite of presumed U.S. post–Cold War influence. This study offers important, broader perspectives on a hemisphere still rife with boundary disputes as a rising number of people and products (including arms) pass through these borderlands.

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In January 1995, fighting broke out between Ecuadorian and Peruvian military forces in a remote section of the Amazon. It took more than three years and the interplay of multiple actors and factors to achieve a definitive peace agreement, thus ending what had been the region's oldest unresolved border dispute. This conflict and its res...

David Scott Palmer is Professor of International Relations and of Political Science at Boston University, where he is also Founding Director of the Latin American Studies Program. His previous books include U.S. Relations with Latin America during the Clinton Years, Shining Path of Peru (ed.), and Peru: The Authoritarian Tradition.

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Kobo ebook|Jun 28 2016

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:200 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:April 1, 2013Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292754299

ISBN - 13:9780292754294

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Table of Contents

Preface Chapter 1. Introduction: Explaining Interstate Conflict and Boundary Disputes in Post–Cold War Latin AmericaChapter 2. Two Nations in Conflict Chapter 3. Presidential Decision Making: The Institutional and Personal Context Chapter 4. Domestic Politics and the Push toward War Chapter 5. The Domestic Bases for Resolution Chapter 6. Hemispheric Diplomacy and the Politics of a Solution Chapter 7. Conclusions: Lessons Learned, Progress Achieved, and Implications for Other Boundary Disputes Appendix A. Effective Number of Parties Appendix B. Ecuadorean Attitudes toward Relations with Peru (November 1992) Appendix C. Polling Data on Border Issues (1994–1996)Notes Bibliography Index

Editorial Reviews

The analysis of developments during the years 1995 to 1998 is especially masterful, artfully weaving together the many different strands. The book also benefits from the provision of some good maps and helpful chronologies…Mares and Palmer have undoubtedly written the most comprehensive work possible on the Ecuador Peru territorial settlement pending the future opening of the diplomatic archives of the key players. - Philip Chrimes