Powerful Patriots: Nationalist Protest in Chinas Foreign Relations

Paperback | September 15, 2014

byJessica Chen Weiss

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Why has the Chinese government sometimes allowed and sometimes repressed nationalist, anti-foreign protests? What have been the international consequences of these choices? Anti-American demonstrations were permitted in 1999 but repressed in 2001 during two crises in US-China relations.Anti-Japanese protests were tolerated in 1985, 2005, and 2012 but banned in 1990 and 1996. Protests over Taiwan, the issue of greatest concern to Chinese nationalists, have never been allowed. To explain this variation in China's response to nationalist mobilization, Powerful Patriots argues that Chinese and other authoritarian leaders weigh both diplomatic and domestic incentives to allow and repress nationalist protests. Autocrats may not face electoral constraints, but anti-foreignprotests provide an alternative mechanism by which authoritarian leaders can reveal their vulnerability to public pressure. Because nationalist protests are costly to repress and may turn against the government, allowing protests demonstrates resolve and increases the domestic cost of diplomaticconcessions. Repressing protests, by contrast, sends a credible signal of reassurance, facilitating diplomatic flexibility and signaling a willingness to spend domestic political capital for the sake of international cooperation. To illustrate the logic, the book traces the effect of domestic anddiplomatic factors in China's management of nationalist protest in the post-Mao era (1978-2012) and the consequences for China's foreign relations.

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Why has the Chinese government sometimes allowed and sometimes repressed nationalist, anti-foreign protests? What have been the international consequences of these choices? Anti-American demonstrations were permitted in 1999 but repressed in 2001 during two crises in US-China relations.Anti-Japanese protests were tolerated in 1985, 200...

Jessica Chen Weiss is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Yale University and Research Fellow at the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies. Her research interests include Chinese politics and international relations, nationalism, and social protest. Her research has appeared in International Organization and has ...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:September 15, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199387567

ISBN - 13:9780199387564

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Nationalist Protest and Authoritarian Diplomacy3. Anti-American Protest and U.S.-China Crisis Diplomacy4. The 1985 Anti-Japan Protests and Sino-Japanese Relations in the 1980s5. Protests Repressed: Sino-Japanese Relations in the 1990s6. The 2005 Anti-Japan Protests and Sino-Japanese Relations in the 2000s7. Protests Restrained: Repairing Sino-Japanese Relations (2006-2010) and the 2010 Trawler Collision8. The 2012 Anti-Japan Protests and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands Purchase9. Conclusion