Preferences and Decisions: Models and Applications by Salvatore GrecoPreferences and Decisions: Models and Applications by Salvatore Greco

Preferences and Decisions: Models and Applications

EditorSalvatore Greco, Ricardo Alberto Marques Pereira, Massimo Squillante

Paperback | November 13, 2014

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Decision making is an omnipresent, most crucial activity of the human being, and also of virtually all artificial broadly perceived "intelligent" systems that try to mimic human behavior, reasoning and choice processes. It is quite obvious that such a relevance of decision making had triggered vast research effort on its very essence, and attempts to develop tools and techniques which would make it possible to somehow mimic human decision making related acts, even to automate decision making processes that had been so far reserved for the human beings. The roots of those attempts at a scientific analysis can be traced to the ancient times but - clearly - they have gained momentum in the recent 50 or 100 years following a general boom in science. Depending on the field of science, decision making can be viewed in different ways. The most general view can be that decision making boils down to some cognitive, mental process(es) that lead to the selection of an option or a course of action among several alternatives. Then, looking in a deeper way, from a psychological perspective this process proceeds in the context of a set of needs, preferences, rational choice of an individual, a group of individuals, or even an organization. From a cognitive perspective, the decision making process proceeds in the context of various interactions with the environment.
Title:Preferences and Decisions: Models and ApplicationsFormat:PaperbackPublished:November 13, 2014Publisher:Springer Berlin HeidelbergLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3642423345

ISBN - 13:9783642423345

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Table of Contents

Continuous utility functions for nontotal preorders: a review of recent results.- Risk Assessment of SLAs in Grid Computing with Predictive Probabilistic and Possibilistic Models.- From Benchmarks to Generalised Expectations.- Memory property in heterogeneously populated markets.- From comparative degrees of belief to conditional measures.- Delay and Interval Effects with Subadditive Discounting functions.- Pairwise comparison matrices: some issue on consistency and a new consistency index.- On a decision model for a life insurance company rating.- Qualitative Bipolar Decision Rules: Toward More Expressive Settings.- The dynamics of consensus in group decision making: investigating the pairwise interactions between fuzzy preferences.- Fuzzy Preference Relations Based on Differences.- Indices of Collusion among Judges and an Anti-collusion Average.- Scoring Rules and Consensus.- Dominance-based Rough Set Approach to Interactive Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization.- Supporting Consensus Reaching Processes under Fuzzy Preferences and a Fuzzy Majority via Linguistic Summaries.- Decision Making in Social Actions.- Coherence for Fuzzy Measures and Applications to Decision Making.- Measures for Firms Value in Random Scenarios.- Thin Rationality and Representation of Preferences with Implications to Spatial Voting Models.- Quantum Dynamics of Non Commutative Algebras: The SU(2) Case.- Benefits of Full-Reinforcement Operators for Spacecraft Target Landing.- Neural Networks for Non-independent Lotteries.- Weak Implication and Fuzzy Inclusion.- The TOPSIS Method and its Application to Linguistic Vartiables.- Information Fusion with the Power Average Operator.