Presidents and the American Presidency

Paperback | December 24, 2012

byLori Cox Han, Diane J. Heith

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There is perhaps no political position as unique as the American presidency. This book considers both the strengths and weaknesses of the presidency as a political institution as well as the those of recent presidents and their leadership skills to examine the "real" presidency; that is, notjust the theoretical analysis of the institution or assessments of the men who have served as president, but the actual day-to-day responsibilities and challenges that go with the job. To showcase the "real" aspects of the presidency, as well as the differences between individual and institutionalperspectives on decision making, the authors incorporate archival documents from multiple administrations to reveal the inner workings of the White House. The documents and oral histories at presidential libraries and other archives represent a virtual treasure trove of detailed analysis and stories of what actually happened, not only publicly but behind the scenes, in each presidential administration. These documents allow a president and/or membersof his administration, through their own words, to animate the discussions in each chapter from the perspective of political actors who were actually present to understand and appreciate the depth and breadth of presidential power and leadership in the 21st century.

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There is perhaps no political position as unique as the American presidency. This book considers both the strengths and weaknesses of the presidency as a political institution as well as the those of recent presidents and their leadership skills to examine the "real" presidency; that is, notjust the theoretical analysis of the institut...

Lori Cox Han is Professor of Political Science at Chapman University in Orange, CA. She received her PhD in Political Science from the University of Southern California. Dr. Han's area of expertise is American government, with research and teaching interests in the presidency, women and politics, media and politics, and political lea...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:544 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:December 24, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195385160

ISBN - 13:9780195385168

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Each chapter includes a Conclusion, Suggested Readings, and "On the Web."PrefaceTables and figures1. Introduction: Studying Presidents and the PresidencyHistorical ContentThe Traditional PresidencyThe Modern PresidencyThe Postmodern/Contemporary PresidencyTheories and MethodologiesClassics in Presidential StudiesNewer Methodologies EvolveThe President-Centered ApproachThe Presidency-Centered ApproachSourcesPresidential LibrariesPublic PapersBuilding a Presidential Library: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Leadership2. Presidents and the ConstitutionThe Framers' Plan and the Constitutional ConventionInherited Practices and IdeasThe Framers' WorldThe Confederation ExecutiveFederalismGeneral vs. Limited AuthoritySeparation of Powers/Checks and BalancesRule by Elites and the Electoral CollegePowers of the OfficeThe Vesting ClauseLaw-Enforcement Authority AuthorityLegislative AuthorityAppointment and Removal PowerExecutive Privilege and ImmunityExpansion of Presidential PowersTheories of Presidential PowerThe Constitutionality of Expanded Presidential PowersPresidential Pardons: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: The War Powers Resolution3. The Presidential Selection ProcessThe Nominating Process in Historical PerspectiveThe Pre-Nomination PeriodDeciding to RunThe Invisible PrimaryGaining Party SupportPrimaries and CaucusesIowa and New HampshireSuper TuesdayFinancing Presidential CampaignsCampaign Finance: A Brief HistoryThe Federal Election Campaign Acts of 1971 and 1974Loopholes to Campaign Finance LawsPublic Funding of Presidential CampaignsRecent Campaign Finance ReformsNational Party ConventionsThe General ElectionThe Electoral CollegeAppealing to VotersCampaign CommunicationsThe Consequences of WinningThe CoalitionThe Message and the MandateCampaigning vs. GoverningPresidential Nominations: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: The Electoral College Strategy4. The Public Presidency: Communication and Mass MediaThe Evolving Rhetorical PresidencyThe Radio EraThe Television AgeThe Internet AgePresidential Communication: Strategies and ResourcesThe Press Office and Press SecretaryThe Office of CommunicationsSpeech WritingPublic EventsThe President and the PressThe White House Press CorpsPress ConferencesThe Media EnvironmentNews Coverage of the PresidentWhite House Press StrategiesAddressing the Nation: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Media Exposure5. The Public Presidency: Public OpinionA Restrained View of the PublicEvaluating the PresidentJob ApprovalPersonal ApprovalPresident Obama and Public OpinionPopularity as a Source of Presidential PowerPresidential Polling as a Source of PowerUsing White House PollsTracking the ConstituencyRhetorical DesignPolling to Save a Presidency: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Presidential Image and Public Opinion6. Presidents and the Legislative BranchThe President's Formal Role in the Legislative ProcessUsing the VetoThe Legislative VetoThe Line-Item VetoRecommendations to CongressSenate ConfirmationsSeparation of PowersStaking Out a RoleCreating the Chief LegislatorSharing PowersDivergent ConstituenciesThe Decision-Making ProcessPolitical PartiesIndividual BehaviorVeto PoliticsBudget Showdowns and Shutdowns: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Campaigning Against Congress7. Presidents and the Judicial BranchNominations to the U.S. Supreme CourtFranklin Roosevelt and the Federal CourtsTenure and RemovalThe Nomination ProcessThe Confirmation ProcessThe Confirmation HearingsPoliticizing the ProcessPresidential LegaciesNominations to Lower Federal CourtsNominating and Confirming Federal JudgesThe Candidate PoolThe President's Relationship with the Judicial BranchThe Role of the Solicitor GeneralImplementing Supreme Court DecisionsDefining Presidential PowersSelecting a Chief Justice: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Seeking Justice8. Presidents and the Executive BranchThe Job of the Chief ExecutiveThe Bureaucracy EvolvesThe Bureaucracy TodaySeparation of Power Creates ConflictThe CabinetThe Executive Office of the PresidentCreating the Executive Office of the PresidentWhite House StaffOrganizing the White House StaffThe Chief of StaffConcerns With and Consequences of the EOPMechanisms for Presidential Control of the BureaucracyAppointmentsBudgeting as ManagementExecutive OrdersRegulatory ReviewSigning StatementsVice PresidentsThe History of the OfficeThe Contemporary Vice PresidencyFirst LadiesFirst Ladies in Historical PerspectiveContemporary First LadiesCrisis Management: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Managing the White House9. Presidents and Domestic PolicymakingU.S. Domestic PolicyPolicy and Presidential AgendasPresidents and Domestic PolicymakingPrincipal Domestic PolicymakersThe Evolution of U.S. Domestic PolicyEconomic PolicySocial PolicySocial ServicesLaw EnforcementNatural Resources and ConservationSaving the Big Three Automakers: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: Signing Medicare into Law10. Presidents and Foreign PolicymakingU.S. Foreign PolicyDiplomacy vs. National SecurityEconomic InterestsPresidents and Foreign PolicymakingThe Rational-Actor ModelThe Political AgendaDomestic ActorsInternational ActorsPrincipal Geopolitical TheatersThe Evolution of U.S. Foreign PolicyThe Early Republic through World War IWorld War II and the Cold WarThe Post-Soviet WorldWar and U.S. Foreign PolicyNation Building: Then . . . and NowIn Their Own Words: The Aftermath of the Cuban Missile CrisisAppendix A. Conducting Research at Presidential LibrariesAppendix B. The United States ConstitutionAppendix C. Presidential Elections Results, 1789-2012NotesBibliographyIndex