Principles of Asymmetric Synthesis

Paperback | March 1, 2000

byR.e. Gawley, J. AubéEditorR.e. Gawley

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The world is chiral. Most of the molecules in it are chiral, and asymmetric synthesis is an important means by which enantiopure chiral molecules may be obtained for study and sale. Using examples from the literature of asymmetric synthesis more than 1300 references , the aim of this book is to present a detailed analysis of the factors that govern stereoselectivity in organic reactions. It is important to note that the references were each individually checked by the authors to verify relevance to the topics under discussion. The study of stereoselectivity has evolved from issues of diastereoselectivity, through auxiliary-based methods for the synthesis of enantiomerically pure compounds diastereoselectivity followed by separation and auxiliary cleavage , to asymmetric catalysis. In the latter instance, enantiomers not diastereomers are the products, and highly selective reactions and modern purification techniques allow preparation - in a single step - of chiral substances in 99% ee for many reaction types. After an explanation of the basic physical-organic principles of stereoselectivity, the authors provide a detailed, annotated glossary of stereochemical terms. A chapter on "Analytical Methods" provides a critical overview of the most common methods for analysis of stereoisomers. The authors then follow the 'tried-and-true' format of grouping the material by reaction type. Thus, there are four chapters on carbon-carbon bond forming reactions enolate alkylations, organometal additions to carbonyls, aldol and Michael reactions, and cycloadditions and rearrangements , one chapter on reductions and hydroborations carbon-hydrogen bond forming reactions , and one on oxidations carbon-oxygen and carbon-nitrogen bond forming reactions . Leading references are provided to natural product synthesis that have been accomplished using a given reaction as a key step. In addition to tables of examples that show high selectivity, a transition state analysis is presented to explain - to the current level of understanding - the stereoselectivity of each reaction. In one case Cram's rule the evolution of the current theory is detailed from its first tentative 1952 postulate to the current Felkin-Anh-Heathcock formalism. For other reactions, only the currently accepted rationale is presented. Examination of these rationales also exposes the weaknesses of current theories, in that they cannot always explain the experimental observations. These shortcomings provide a challenge for future mechanistic investigations.

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The world is chiral. Most of the molecules in it are chiral, and asymmetric synthesis is an important means by which enantiopure chiral molecules may be obtained for study and sale. Using examples from the literature of asymmetric synthesis more than 1300 references , the aim of this book is to present a detailed analysis of the factor...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:394 pagesPublished:March 1, 2000Publisher:PERGAMON PRESS INC.

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080418759

ISBN - 13:9780080418759

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Table of Contents

Chapter headings: Introduction. Analytical Methods. Enolate, Azaenolate, and Organolithium Alkylations. 1,2 and 1,4 Additions to Carbonyls. Aldol and Michael Additions of Allyls and Enolates. Rearrangements and Cycloadditions. Reductions and Hydroborations. Oxidations.