Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications

Hardcover | September 1, 2004

byMurray Levine, Douglas D. Perkins, David V. Perkins

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Updated and expanded in this third edition, Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications presents the most recent literature, empirical work, issues, and events in the field and the relevant policy debates surrounding them. The book maintains the basic architecture of the previous edition--integrating theory, research, and practice across the diverse subject matter of community mental health and community psychology--but reduces jargon and improves clarity. Applying an ecological perspective, it places problems intheir current and historical contexts and employs a stress, coping, and social-support model as a key integrative device to analyze community mental health practice, prevention, self-help, and social action. Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications, 3/e, is ideal for upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in community psychology, social work, and mental health. Features of the Third Edition * PRESENTS NEW INFORMATION ON: * behavior-environment congruence * social and physical environmental influences on behavior and well-being * the use of law to reduce stigma * organizational change, development, and learning * problems in planned change on a statewide level * political and legal events since desegregation in public schools * future problems surrounding race in public schools * making community psychology more interdisciplinary * recognizing developments in community psychology outside the United States * OFFERS NEW RESEARCH ON: * homelessness * adaptation, crisis, coping, and social support * UPDATES AND EXPANDS TREATMENTS OF: * fundamental principles and values of community psychology * population parameters * the history of community psychology * HIV/AIDS, Project Head Start, and preventing child maltreatment* self-help/mutual assistance groups * desegregation of the public schools as a societal-level intervention * community development * science, ethics, and the future of community psychology

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Updated and expanded in this third edition, Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications presents the most recent literature, empirical work, issues, and events in the field and the relevant policy debates surrounding them. The book maintains the basic architecture of the previous edition--integrating theory, rese...

Murray Levine is Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus at the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York. Douglas D. Perkins is Associate Professor of Human and Organizational Development at Vanderbilt University. David V. Perkins is Professor of Psychology at Ball State University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:562 pages, 6.3 × 9.29 × 1.18 inPublished:September 1, 2004Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195144171

ISBN - 13:9780195144178

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Table of Contents

All chapters end with a summary.Foreword by Seymour B. SarasonPrefaceAcknowledgementsIntroduction: An Overview of Community PsychologyWhat Is Community Psychology?What Isn't Community Psychology?Principles of Community PsychologyOrganization of ChaptersPART 1. ORIGINS OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY1. Life Is a Soap OperaThe Incidence and Prevalence of Problems in LivingInstitutionalized PopulationOutpatient Mental Health CareAlcohol and Substance AbuseCrime and Victims of CrimeProblems of Children and AdolescentsMedical Problems and Chronic IllnessesBox 1-1: Psychosocial Adaptation to Health Problems: The Case of Genital HerpesDisastersMarriage and ParentingDivorceEconomics and EmploymentLeisure-Time and Value ChangesAloneness in American SocietyThe Availability of Professional CareProblems of the Medical Model2. The Origins of Community PsychologyOrigins of Mental Health Care in the Welfare SystemCommunity Mental HealthCommunity Psychology Grows from Community Mental HealthThe Influence of Applied Social Psychology and the War on PovertyCurrent Issues in Community Mental HealthDeinstitutionalizationBox 2-1: HomelessnessCommunity Alternatives to HospitalizationBox 2-2: Assertive Community SupportsMinorities and Other Undeserved GroupsChildren and AdolescentsPART 2. PERSPECTIVES IN COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY3. A Conceptual Road Map of Community PsychologyThe Dohrenwend ModelStressful Life EventsPerson and EnvironmentOutcomesBox 3-1: Poverty, Unemployment, and Social ProblemsOpportunities for Intervention Based on Dohrenwend's ModelCrisis InterventionIntervention to Enhance Psychological MediatorsIntervention to Enhance Situational MediatorsPsychological Characteristics of the Person That Increase the Likelihood of a Stressful Life EventSituations That Increase the Risk of Stressful EventsPreventing Stressful Life Events4. The Ecological AnalogyEcology as a ParadigmA Paradigm ShiftBox 4-1: Community Research from an Ecological PerspectiveImplications for the Research EnterprisePrinciples of EcologyInterdependenceCycling of ResourcesAdaptation; NicheBox 4-2: Behavior-Environment Congruence in Geel, BelgiumSuccessionBox 4-3: The Boom in Hong Kong's Elderly Home IndustryMental Health and the LawLaw as a Factor in the Ecological AnalogyAdapting to Legal ChangeBox 4-4: Unforeseen Consequences of a Change in Child Protection LawsEcology and ValuesEcology and Practice5. Five Psychological Conceptions of the EnvironmentSocial Environmental Influences on Behavior and Well-BeingPerceived Social ClimatesSocial RolesSocial Capital: Community Cognitions, Behaviors, and NetworksPhysical Environmental Influences on Behavior and Well-BeingThe Socio-Physical Environment: Behavior SettingsBox 5-1: The Fairweather LodgePostscript: What Role Remains for Individual Differences?6. Labeling Theory: An Alternative to the Illness ModelThe Social Context for the Development of Labeling TheoryPrinciples of Labeling TheoryPrimary and Secondary DevianceCultural Stereotypes and LabelingWhen is Residual Rule-Breaking Labeled?Diagnosis and Labeling TheoryBehavior is Assimilated to the LabelStigmaThe Use of Law to Reduce StigmaSome Cautions7. Adaptation, Crisis, Coping, and SupportAdaptationBox 7-1: Research on Stressful Life EventsVulnerability: An Integrative PerspectiveCopingGeneral Characteristics of CopingBox 7-2: Pollyanna and the Glad GameStages in Crisis SituationsIndividual and Situational Differences in CopingSocial SupportTheory and Research Concerning Social SupportBox 7-3: Coping and Support in the Context of CultureNew Directions in Research on Social SupportBox 7-4: Support Interventions for People with DisabilitiesPART 3. APPLICATIONS OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY8. PreventionBasic Concepts in PreventionIndicated (Secondary) PreventionThe Primary Mental Health ProjectBox 8-1: Preventing Child Maltreatment: The Problem of False PositivesLimitations of Indicated Prevention in Mental HealthUniversal and Selective (Primary) PreventionCompetence BuildingBox 8-2: A Successful School Change EffortPrevention through Stepwise Risk ReductionBox 8-3: Head Start and Early Head Start: An Experiment in Selective PreventionPrevention of HIV/AIDSSchools as a Locus of PreventionCommunity-Based Health Promotion9. Self-Help GroupsGrowth of Self-Help GroupsContemporary Reasons for GrowthTypes of Self-Help GroupsThe Nature of Self-Help GroupsDynamics of Self-Help GroupsSelf-Help and the Model of a Family How Self-Help Groups Work Self-Help and Ecological ConceptsAre Self-Help Groups Effective?AA and Recovery from AlcoholismA Controlled ExperimentStarting Self-Help GroupsAdvocacy Groups10. The Problem of ChangeThe Creation of New SettingsBox 10-1: The Residential Youth Center (RYC)Change in Existing SettingsSystems TheoryFirst- and Second-Order ChangeOrganizational Change, Development, and LearningProduction and Satisfaction GoalsThe Social Context of ChangeCase Studies of Change in Existing SettingsChanging a State Mental HospitalCourt-Ordered Change in Caring for Persons with Mental RetardationPlanned Change on a Statewide Level: The Texas Educational Miracle11. School Desegregation: A Societal-Level InterventionSlavery, Segregation, and the ConstitutionThe NAACP and Its Litigation StrategySocial Science Theory and IntegrationSuccessful Desegregation of the Schools--A Case StudyAfter DesegregationFuture Problems12. Community Development and Social Action in Community PsychologyThe Politics of Problem DefinitionBlaming the VictimParadox and EmpowermentCompetent CommunitiesCommunity DevelopmentSocial ActionAn Example of Social Action: The Love Canal Homeowners' AssociationBox 12-1: Center for Health, Environment, and Justice and the Environmental Justice Movement13. Science, Ethics, and the Future of Community PsychologyEcology and ScienceThe Ethics of Community InterventionInterdisciplinary Community PsychologyBox 13-1: Applying the Ecological-Psychopolitical Model to One Domain: The Physical EnvironmentCommunity Psychology Around the GlobeReferencesNames IndexSubject Index

Editorial Reviews

"Prior to this edition, this book was unrivaled for its scope and depth of the obvious and not-so-obvious psychological implications of what American communities are: what problems they face, how they do and do not change.This edition makes clearer than previous editions that this is more thana book about the American community. It is about America." --from the foreword by Seymour B. Sarason