Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, evaluating and improving measures…

Paperback | March 15, 2008

byEmily White, Bruce K Armstrong, Rodolfo Saracci

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The second edition of this internationally acclaimed title is the ideal handbook for those wishing to design or implement an epidemiological study. The objective of most epidemiological research is to relate exposure to external agents to the occurrence of particular diseases. The achievementof this objective depends critically on accurate measurement of exposure. This book reviews together the principles and techniques of exposure measurement as they relate specifically to causes of non-infectious diseases. It draws on experience and results from a number of disciplines, includingpsychology, survey research, sociology, environmental hygiene, epidemiology and biostatistics, and synthesizes them for direct practical application in epidemiological and related research. The book covers questionnaire design, conducting personal interviews, abstracting information from medicalrecords, use of proxy respondents, and use of biological and environmental measurements. It gives a comprehensive account of measurement error and the estimation of its effects, and the design, analysis, and interpretation of validity and reliability studies. Emphasis is given to the ways in whichthe validity of measurements can be increased. Techniques to maximize participation of subjects in epidemiological studies are discussed, and ethical issues relevant to exposure measurement are outlined.

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The second edition of this internationally acclaimed title is the ideal handbook for those wishing to design or implement an epidemiological study. The objective of most epidemiological research is to relate exposure to external agents to the occurrence of particular diseases. The achievementof this objective depends critically on accu...

Emily White has conducted research at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center for almost 25 years, and has published widely on nutrient intake and other lifestyle factors in relation to breast, colorectal, lung, prostate, bladder and skin cancer, as well as on the methodology of exposure measurement. She received her Master's degr...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.91 inPublished:March 15, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198509855

ISBN - 13:9780198509851

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Table of Contents

1. Exposure measurement2. Methods of exposure measurement3. Exposure measurement error and its effects4. Validity and reliability studies5. Reducing measurement error and its effects6. The design of questionnaires7. The personal interview8. Use of records, diaries, and proxy respondents9. Measurements in the human body or its products10. Measurements in the environment11. Response rates and their maximisation12. Ethical issues