Principles of Psychology

Hardcover | January 16, 2015

byS. Marc Breedlove

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Organized around four well-established core principles, Principles of Psychology provides students with a framework to understand the science of behavior. Written in a conversational style, the text is organized around the following four well-established principles that serve as touchstonesfor the field of psychology:* The mind is a process at work in a physical machine, the brain.* We are consciously aware of only a fraction of our mental activity.* We constantly modify our behavior, beliefs, and attitudes according to what we perceive about the people around us.* Experience physically alters the structure and function of the brain.With these four principles as a framework for the text, Principles of Psychology emphasizes that psychology is a science through discussion of relevant big-picture and proven concepts and cutting-edge research-based investigations that examine behavioral, psychological, and neuroscience experiments.By presenting data and facts from other scientific disciplines, as well as real-world vignettes and stories, Marc Breedlove teaches the reader how to think critically and scientifically about the underlying mechanisms of behavior.In-Text Features*Vignette: Each chapter begins with a story, an instance when behavior has a big impact on someone's life. The chapter returns to the vignette several times as we cover findings that relate to that particular case. *Researchers at Work: In every chapter, important discoveries are explained and illustrated to highlight the process of experimentation and hypothesis testing. Over the course of the book, the progression of experiments provides an increasingly sharper picture of the factors shaping behavior.*Skeptic at Large: Intended to sharpen the student's critical thinking skills, these boxes explore a widespread misconception and demonstrate how scientific research disproves it. The exploration of scientific experimentation also reinforces the Researchers at Work feature.*Psychology in Everyday Life: These are topics where knowledge of psychology might be applicable to everyday life, such as whether people with schizophrenia are violent, the importance of "blind" auditions for musicians, how to stop smoking, or how conditioned taste aversion might cause you to stopeating sushi when you used to love it.*The Cutting Edge: Just prior to the end of every chapter, this feature explores an exciting report of current research. Showing students these vibrant and bold experiments will emphasize that psychology research remains alive and well.*Think Like a Psychologist: Principles in Action: To close each chapter, each principle is related back to the vignette to show the student that when they observe an interesting behavior they can recall and apply the four principles. If they can do this, they will indeed be thinking like apsychologist.

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Organized around four well-established core principles, Principles of Psychology provides students with a framework to understand the science of behavior. Written in a conversational style, the text is organized around the following four well-established principles that serve as touchstonesfor the field of psychology:* The mind is a pr...

S. Marc Breedlove, the Rosenberg Professor of Neuroscience at Michigan State University, has written over 100 scientific articles investigating the role of hormones in shaping the developing and adult nervous system, publishing in journals that include Science, Nature, Nature Neuroscience, and the Proceedings of the National Academy o...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:736 pages, 11.3 × 9.29 × 1.18 inPublished:January 16, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199329362

ISBN - 13:9780199329366

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Table of Contents

1. Principles of PsychologyReview1.1 Psychology's Roots1.2 The Rise of Empiricism1.3 The Modern Synthesis1.4 A Preview of the Text: Four Principles of Psychology2. Psychology as a ScienceChapter Review2.1 What Constitutes A Science?2.2 How Do We Scientifically Study Behavior?3. The Neuroscience of BehaviorChapter Review3.1 The Structure Of The Nervous System: A Microscopic View3.2 The Nervous System At Work: The Body Electric3.3 Understanding The Nervous System: Divide and Conquer3.4 How We Study The Brain4. Genes, Environment, and BehaviorChapter Review4.1 Genes at Work4.2 The Regulation of Genes4.3 Single Gene Effects on Behavior4.4 Multiple Gene Effects on Behavior4.5 The Interaction of Genes and Experience5. Developmental PsychologyChapter Review5.1 The Brain5.2 The Developing Mind5.3 Adolescence: Developing Identity5.4 Adulthood and Beyond6. Sensation and PerceptionChapter Review6.1 The Developing Brain6.2 Touch and Pain6.3 Vision6.4 Hearing6.5 Taste and Smell7. ConsciousnessChapter Review7.1 Consciousness7.2 Sleep and Dreams7.3 Hypnosis and Meditation7.4 Psychoactive Drugs8. LearningChapter Preview8.1 Predicting the Future8.2 Rewarding Behavior8.3 Observational Learning9. MemoryChapter Preview9.1 The Stages of Memory Formation9.2 The Vulnerability of Memory9.3 Different Forms of Memory10. Language and CognitionChapter Preview10.1 Language10.2 Decomposing Mental Processes10.3 Decision Making and Problem Solving11. IntelligenceChapter Preview11.1 History and Development of Intelligence Tests11.2 The Many Facets of Intelligence11.3 The Controversy over Group Differences in IQ12. Motivation and the Regulation of BehaviorChapter Preview12.1 Motivation12.2 Hunger12.3 Sexual Behavior12.4 Social Motivation13. Emotions, Stress, and HealthChapter Preview13.1 Emotions13.2 Stress and Health14. PersonalityChapter Preview14.1 The Quest for Personality14.2 The Rejection of Personality Types and the Pursuit of Traits14.3 Biological Influences on Personality14.4 Social Influences on Personality15. Social PsychologyChapter Preview15.1 Social Perception15.2 Social Influences on Behavior15.3 Friendship and Romance15.4 Aggression15.5 Persuasion and Authority16. Clinical PsychologyChapter Preview16.1 Modern Classification of Psychological Disorders16.2 Anxiety Disorders and Depression16.3 Personality Disorders16.4 Schizophrenia and Related Disorders

Editorial Reviews

"I would recommend the text for a colleague looking for an intro text that emphasizes brain and experience in behavior. It is well written and engaging." --Sharleen Sakai, Michigan State University