Project for the Formation of a Depot in Upper Canada by James Buchanan

Project for the Formation of a Depot in Upper Canada

byJames Buchanan, Paul Allen, Paul Allen

Kobo ebook | January 5, 2013

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James Buchanan (1772 - 1851), landed gentleman, entrepreneur, lawyer and diplomat spent the first half of his career in his native Ulster, while the second took him to North America, where in his capacity as consular official he helped put a distinctively Ulster stamp on Upper Canada. Buchanan was born at Strathroy, near Omagh, County Tyrone, into a prominent local family, though when he was two the family moved into Omagh itself, where he was educated. In 1787 he commenced his legal training in Dublin, where he was indentured to Henry Gower, and formally qualified in 1792. In 1815, Buchanan began to look for government service. He travelled to London armed with recommendations from eminent figures, secured his appointment as Her Majesty's Consul at New York. While the British Treasury would not provide settlers with free passages to North America in the early aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, it agreed to a modest expenditure to redirect them to Canada from New York. Buchanan had reported that a great number of emigrants were disappointed with the conditions they had encountered in the United States and had applied for grants of land in Canada. Many of these emigrants came from Ulster. In Ireland Canada was little known, and then imperfectly, while ties with the United States were of long standing and had recently been publicized by several of the exiles of 1798. If Ulstermen were settled in Canada, this situation might be altered and the stream of Irish emigrants turned away from the United States. Buchanan thought that an attempt should be made to attract to Upper Canada those of the emigrants who were loyal, industrious, and "comparatively wealthy". Unless some inducement were held out they would not go. For these reasons, and in response to a request from the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office authorized Buchanan to spend up to ten dollars for each British subject who landed at New York and decided to settle in Canada. In 1817 Buchanan forwarded over 1,600 emigrants at a cost of scarcely two dollars per head. These people were allotted land in Upper Canada in two newly surveyed townships named Monaghan and Cavan after the counties in Northern Ireland from which many of them had come. Their arrival marked the beginnings of Irish settlement in a province which was eventually to acquire a pronounced Orange character. The established residents were not entirely happy with this development. Nevertheless, Buchanan carried on his work. By the end of 1820 he had sent about 7,000 persons to Upper Canada "without spending that much in shilling". This was a significant contribution to a population which had numbered only 100,000 in 1815. In the present volume, Buchanan reflects upon his earliest efforts to populate British North America with Irish emigrants, and proposes a means of assisting emigrants to settle in Upper Canada on a much more extensive scale. Buchanan's proposal is also remarkable for the way it reveals the thinking behind the state's institutional response to economic want and social distress. James Buchanan died at Elmwood, the residence of his son-in-law, near Montreal, aged nearly 80, and was buried in the tomb he had had constructed near Niagara Falls.
Title:Project for the Formation of a Depot in Upper CanadaFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:January 5, 2013Publisher:Allen's Upper Canada SundriesLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1927596068

ISBN - 13:9781927596067

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