Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure by Robert E. Newnham

Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

byRobert E. Newnham

Paperback | November 11, 2004

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Crystals are sometimes called 'Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom'. In addition to their great beauty, crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This book describes the underlying principles of crystalphysics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials. It has been written at a level suitable for science and engineering students and can be used for teaching a one- or two-semester course. Tensors, matrices, symmetry and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. Whilst tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anisotropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomisticarguments are also needed to quantify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and partly on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.After introducing the point groups appropriate for single crystals, textured materials and ordered magnetic structures, the directional properties of many different materials are described: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion andother transport properties, and both primary and secondary ferroic behaviour. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having become an important component of the information age, nonlinear optics is described along with the piezo-optics, magneto-optics and electro-optics, andanalogous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical activity, and chemical anisotropy are discussed in the final chapters of the book.

About The Author

Robert E. Newnham is Alcoa Professor of Solid State Science in the Materials Research Laboratory at The Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Details & Specs

Title:Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, StructureFormat:PaperbackDimensions:390 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.85 inPublished:November 11, 2004Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019852076X

ISBN - 13:9780198520764

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Transformations3. Symmetry4. Transformation operators for symmetry elements5. Tensors and physical properties6. Thermodynamic relationships7. Specific heat and entropy8. Pyroelectricity9. Dielectric constant10. Stress and strain11. Thermal expansion12. Piezoelectricity13. Elasticity14. Magnetic phenomena15. Nonlinear phenomena16. Ferroic crystals17. Electrical resistivity18. Thermal conductivity19. Diffusion and ionic conductivity20. Galvanomagnetic and thermomagnetic phenomena21. Thermoelectricity22. Piezoresistance23. Acoustic waves I24. Acoustic waves II25. Crystal optics26. Dispersion and absorption27. Photoelasticity and acousto-optics28. Electro-optic phenomena29. Nonlinear optics30. Optical activity and enantiomorphism31. Magneto-optics32. Chemical anisotropy