Proportional Representation: Apportionment Methods and Their Applications by Friedrich PukelsheimProportional Representation: Apportionment Methods and Their Applications by Friedrich Pukelsheim

Proportional Representation: Apportionment Methods and Their Applications

byFriedrich Pukelsheim

Paperback | January 9, 2014

Pricing and Purchase Info


Earn 468 plum® points

Prices and offers may vary in store


Ships within 1-2 weeks

Ships free on orders over $25

Not available in stores


The book offers a rigorous description of the procedures that proportional representation systems use to translate vote counts into seat numbers. Since the methodological analysis is guided by practical needs, plenty of empirical instances are provided and reviewed to motivate the development, and to illustrate the results. Concrete examples, like the 2009 elections to the European Parliament in each of the 27 Member States and the 2013 election to the German Bundestag, are analyzed in full detail. The level of mathematical exposition, as well as the relation to political sciences and constitutional jurisprudence makes this book suitable for special graduate courses and seminars.
Friedrich Pukelsheim, Professor for Mathematics, University of Augsburg
Title:Proportional Representation: Apportionment Methods and Their ApplicationsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:234 pagesPublished:January 9, 2014Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319038559

ISBN - 13:9783319038551


Table of Contents

Exposing Methods: The 2009 European Parliament Elections.- Imposing Constitutionality: The 2009 Bundestag Election.- From Reals to Integers: Rounding Functions, Rounding Rules.- Divisor Methods of Apportionment: Divide and Round.- Quota Methods of Apportionment: Divide and Rank.- Targeting the House Size: Discrepancy Distribution.- Favoring Some at the Expense of Others: Seat Biases.- Preferring Stronger Parties to Weaker Parties: Majorization.- Securing System Consistency: Coherence and Paradoxes.- Appraising Electoral Equality: Goodness-of-Fit Criteria.- Tracing Peculiarities: Vote Thresholds and Majority Clauses.- Truncating Seat Ranges: Minimum-Maximum Restrictions.- Proportionality and Personalization: BWG 2013.- Representing Districts and Parties: Double Proportionality.

Editorial Reviews

"The monograph presents a contemporary approach to finding proportional representation for parliamentary democracy institutions needed for distribution of the seat numbers close as possible to a structure of the vote counts. . The variety of mathematical settings and innovative techniques presented in the book can be useful to political scientists and graduate students in solving both theoretical and applied problems." (Stan Lipovetsky, Technometrics, Vol. 59 (3), July, 2017)"This book contains a rich and complete analysis of both the mathematics of apportionment methods and the application of apportionment methods used in most parliamentary elections. . The topic of this book is not only suitable for mathematicians, but also for politicians, historians and also for people interested in constitutional law and European law. . The mathematical expositions are presented in a clear, concise and clever way." (Dharma Lesmono, Mathematical Reviews, January, 2015)