Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes by Robert W. ProctorPsychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes by Robert W. Proctor

Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

byRobert W. Proctor, E. J. Capaldi

Hardcover | July 28, 2012

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The study of science, sometimes referred to as metascience, is a new and growing field that includes the philosophy of science, history of science, sociology of science, and anthropology of science. In the last ten years, the formal study of the psychology of science has also emerged. Thepsychology of science focuses on the individual scientist, influenced by intelligence, motivation, personality, and the development of scientific interest, thought, ability, and achievement over a lifespan. Science can be defined as explicitly and systematically testing hypotheses. Defined more broadly, science includes wider processes, such as theory construction and the hypothesis testing seen in children and "non-scientific" adults. Most prior work in the study of science has emphasized the role ofexplicit reasoning; however, contemporary research in psychology emphasizes the importance of implicit processes in decision-making and choice and assumes that the performance of many tasks involves a complex relationship between implicit and explicit processes.Psychology of Science brings together contributions from leaders in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science with other experts on the roles of implicit and explicit processes in thinking. Highlighting the role of implicit processes in the creation of scientific knowledge, this volumelinks the psychology of science to many strands of psychology, including cognitive, social, and developmental psychology, as well as neuroscience. Ultimately, this volume raises awareness of the psychology of science among psychologists, philosophers, and sociologists of science, and anyoneinterested in the metasciences.
Robert W. Proctor is Distinguished Professor of Psychological Sciences at Purdue University. He has been teaching and conducting research in the areas of attention and performance for 35 years. He is editor of the American Journal of Psychology, the first psychology journal in the U.S. He is also a fellow of the American Psychological ...
Title:Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit ProcessesFormat:HardcoverDimensions:512 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:July 28, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199753628

ISBN - 13:9780199753628


Table of Contents

Robert W. Proctor and E. J. Capaldi: Introduction: Implicit and Explicit Processes in the Psychology of SciencePart 1: Role of the Psychology of Science and its Methods1. Gregory Feist: The Psychology of Science is Off and Running but Where Do We Go from Here?2. E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor: Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science3. Michael E. Gorman: Methodological Approaches to Scientific and Technological ThinkingPart 2: Agency and Reasoning in the Psychology of Science4. Ronald N. Giere: The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Based Theory of Science5. Lisa Osbeck and Nancy J. Nersessian: The Acting Person in Scientific Practice6. Barbara Koslowski: Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) and the Causal and Scientific Reasoning of Non-scientists7. Stephanie A. Siler and David Klahr: Classifying and Remediating Late Elementary and Middle School Students' Errors and Misconceptions about Experimental DesignPart 3: Implicit and Explicit Processes in the Cognitive Psychology of Science8. Jan De Houwer and Agnes Moors: What are Implicit and Explicit Processes?9. Donelson E. Dulany: How Should We Understand the Implicit and Explicit Processes in Scientific Thinking?10. Corinne Zimmerman and Jean E. Pretz: The Interaction of Implicit vs. Explicit Processing and Problem Difficulty in a Scientific Discovery TaskPart 4: Psychological Perspectives: Influence on Science11. Anthony G. Greenwald: Implicit Cognition and Researcher Conflict of Interest12. Alice H. Eagly: Science, Feminism, and the Psychology of Investigating Gender13. William F. Brewer: The Theory Ladenness of the Mental Processes used in the Scientific Enterprise: Evidence from Cognitive Psychology and the History of Science14. Jessica L. Tracy, Richard W. Robins, and Jeffrey W. Sherman: The Practice of Psychological Science in Social-Personality Research: Are We Still a Science of Two Disciplines?Part 5: Scientific Creativity15. Dean Keith Simonton: Scientific Creativity as Blind Variation: Explicit and Implicit Procedures, Mechanisms, and Processes16. Paul Thagard: Creative Combination of Representations: Scientific Discovery and Technological Invention17. Ryan Tweney: On the Unreasonable Reasonableness of Mathematical Physics: A Cognitive View18. Susannah B. F. Paletz and Christian D. Schunn: Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes: The Case of Cognitive/Social Process Interaction in Scientific GroupsPart 6: Unconventional Perspectives on the Conduct of Science19. Brent D. Slife, Jeffrey S. Reber, and James E. Faulconer: Implicit Ontological Reasoning: The Problems of Dualism in Psychological Science20. Peter A. Hancock: Notre Trahison Des Clercs: Implicit Aspirations - Explicit Exploitations