Public health evidence: tackling health inequalities by Amanda KilloranPublic health evidence: tackling health inequalities by Amanda Killoran

Public health evidence: tackling health inequalities

EditorAmanda Killoran, Catherine Swann, Michael P Kelly

Paperback | August 28, 2006

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As public health issues have gained an increasingly high political profile, the need for policy and management decisions to be informed by robust evidence of the effectiveness is now viewed as crucial. While evidence-based medicine is a well accepted feature in clinical health care, publichealth interventions are inherently more complex and present both significant challenges and opportunities for advancing this approach. In England, developments include the setting up of the Centre of Public Health Excellence, at the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), with the responsibility for providing evidence and guidelines on the effectiveness of interventions and programmes in priority areas ofpublic health. Further important contributions are also being made by many other research centres and groups. This book presents many of these contributions and provides a state of the art compendium on this subject. Inequality in health is a widespread problem, and the themes discussed here canbe used for international comparison and application. Public health evidence examines: international trends in social inequalities in health; the role of evidence in public health policy development and practice; the infrastructure of the UK evidence-based approach; selected examples of how evidence is being applied to reduce health inequalities inEngland; the methodological challenges involved in evaluating interventions and the synthesis of evidence; and how to take this approach forward. The key message is that tackling health inequalities and implementing the evidence-based approach will require commitment from all those involved; researchers, academics, policy makers, the public and private sector, practitioners, the NHS, and local government. But health inequalities are acommon problem facing more developed countries, and the book has international relevance. This timely contribution pushes the boundaries of thinking on research in public health.

About The Author

Amanda Killoran is at Analyst, National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence, London, UK. Catherine Swann is at Senior Research Specialist, National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence, London, UK. Simon Ellis is at Associate Director, National Institute of Health and Clinical Evidence, London, UK. Astero Kanaris is at ...

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Title:Public health evidence: tackling health inequalitiesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:608 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 1.22 inPublished:August 28, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198520832

ISBN - 13:9780198520832

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Table of Contents

SECTION 1: TOWARDS EVIDENCE-BASED POLICY AND PRACTICE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES1. Mel Bartley, Martin Bobak, Michael Marmot: Patterns and trends in inequalities in health: an international phenomenon2. Michael Kelly: The development of an evidence based approach to tackling health inequalities in England3. Hilary Graham: Social determinants and public health policy in the UKSECTION 2: SYSTEMS AND STRUCTURES FOR DEVELOPING AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH TO TACKLING HEALTH INEQUALITIES4. Christine McGuire: Building the evidence base - the contribution of the Department of Health's Policy Research Programme (England)5. Amanda Sowden, Julie Glanville: The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD)6. Mike Clarke: The Cochrane Collaboration7. Sandy Oliver, James Thomas, Angela Harden, Ann Oakley: Accumulating evidence to bring policy, practice and research together8. M Petticrew, M Whitehead, C Bambra, M Egan, H Graham, S MacIntyre, E McDermott: The Centre for Evidence-based Public Health Policy: part of the ESRC Evidence Network9. Kristin Liabo, Sarah Frost, Di McNeish, Helen Roberts, Trevor Sheldon: What Works for Children?10. Peter Littlejohns: The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence11. Alison Weightman, E Coyle: Health Evidence Bulletins Wales12. Erica Wimbush, H Harper, D Wright, L Gruer, L Lowther, J Gordon, S Fraser: Evidence, policy and practice - developing collaborative approaches in ScotlandSECTION 3: CONCEPTS AND METHODS FOR EVALUATION AND SYNTHESIS OF THE EVIDENCE: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES13. Ray Pawson: Simple Principles for the Evaluation of Complex Programmes14. Martyn Hammersley: Systematic or Unsystematic, is that the question? Some reflections on the science, art and politics of reviewing research evidence15. Sandy Oliver, James Thomas, Angela Harden, Jonathan Shepherd, Ann Oakley: Research synthesis for tackling health inequalities: lessons from methods developed within systematic reviews with a focus on marginalised groups16. Mary Dixon-Woods: Evidence from qualitative and quantitative research17. Catherine Swann, Bhash Naidoo, Michael P Kelly: Evidence for public health practice: conceptual and methodological challenges18. Helen Roberts, Lisa Arai, Katrina Roen, Jennie Popay: What evidence do we have on implementation?19. Jack Dowie: The Bayesian approach to decision makingSECTION 4: PUTTING EVIDENCE INTO POLICY AND PRACTICE: EXAMPLES AND LESSONS20. Catherine Dennison, Geraldine McCormick: Teenage pregnancy policy and practice: the application of evidence21. Amanda Killoran, Lesley Owen, Linda Bauld: Smoking cessation: an evidence-based approach to tackling health inequalities?22. Mark Johnson: Ethnicity23. Jean Peters, Elizabeth Goyder: Tackling health inequalities at the community level: Neighbourhood Renewal and the New Deal for Communities24. Dione Hill, Elliott Stern: Healthy Living Centres25. Michaela Benzeval: Health Action Zones26. Diane Ketley, Rose Gollop: Evidence into practice for service improvement in health care: experience from the NHS Modernisation AgencySECTION 5: DEVELOPMENTS AND EXPERIENCES INTERNATIONALLY27. Meri Koivusalo: Public policies and inequalities and health - challenges and lessons from Finland28. Bernt Lundgren, Sven Andreasson, Sven Bremberg, Carina Kallestal, Paul Nordgren, Liselotte Schafer Elinder, Eva Wallin: Sweden29. John Frank, Cam Mustard, Jim Dunn, Nancy Ross, Ericia Di Ruggiero: Assessing and Addressing Health Inequalities: The Canadian Experience30. Lesley Boydell, Jane Wilde: An evidence based approach to public health and tackling health inequalities in Ireland and Northern IrelandSECTION 6: THE FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES31. Phil Hanlon: Bringing about social change-implications for health32. Hilary Graham: Tackling health inequalities: improving the health of poor groups, narrowing health gaps and reducing health gradients33. Michael P Kelly: Mapping the life world: a future research priority for public health