Public Participation and Better Environmental Decisions: The Promise and Limits of Participatory Processes for the Quality of Environmentally Related  by Frans H. J. M. CoenenPublic Participation and Better Environmental Decisions: The Promise and Limits of Participatory Processes for the Quality of Environmentally Related  by Frans H. J. M. Coenen

Public Participation and Better Environmental Decisions: The Promise and Limits of Participatory…

EditorFrans H. J. M. Coenen

Paperback | October 19, 2010

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Public Participation and Better Environmental Decisions is about a specific 'promise' that participation holds for environmental decision-making. Many of the arguments for public participation in (inter)national environmental policy documents are functional, that is to say they see public participation as a means to an end. Sound solutions to environmental problems require participation beyond experts and political elites. Neglecting information from the public leads to legitimacy questions and potential conflicts.There is a discourse in the literature and in policy practice as to whether decision-making improves in quality as additional relevant information by the public is considered. The promise that public participation holds has to be weighed against the limitations of public participation in terms of costs and interest conflicts. The question that Public Participation and Better Environmental Decisions seeks to answer for academics, planners and civil servants in all environmental relevant policy fields is: What restricts and what enables information to hold the 'promise' that public participation lead to better environmental decision-making and better outcomes?
Title:Public Participation and Better Environmental Decisions: The Promise and Limits of Participatory…Format:PaperbackDimensions:220 pagesPublished:October 19, 2010Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048181070

ISBN - 13:9789048181070

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction.- 1.1 Public Participation in Environmental Decision-making.- 1.2 The Quality of Decisions.- The Instrument Functions of Public Participation.- 1.4 Institutional Arrangements and Participation Rules.- 1.4.1 Participation Rules.- 1.4.2 Limitations in Institutional Arrangements and Effective Decision-making.- 1.5 Participation Methods: Purpose and Organisational Set-up.- 1.6 The Contours of the Volume.- References.- 2. Citizens' Voices in Environmental Policy: The Contribution of Integrated Assessment Focus Groups to Accountable Decision-making.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 The Need for Methods to Enhance Administrative and Representative Democracy Decision-making.- 2.3 The Integrated Assessment (IA) Focus Group Method.- 2.3.1 Origin, Principles and Basic Assumptions.- 2.3.2 Developing and Applying the Method in the ULYSSES Project.- 2.3.3 Results of the ULYSSES Project.- 2.4 How Can the IA Focus Group Method be Further Developed?- 2.4.1 Use in Other Policy Areas, and in Improving Environmental Management.- 2.4.2 Better use of Ordinary Knowledge in Decision-making.- 2.4.3 Enhancing the Work of Parliaments.- References.- 3. The Use of Focus Groups in Assessing Ethnic and Racial Groups Concerns about Nuclear Waste Cleanup.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Local Residents and Environmental Risk Perceptions.- 3.3 Minority Risk Perception: Theory and General Findings.- 3.4 The Consortium for Environmental Risk Evaluation (CERE) Study.- 3.4.1 Methodology.- 3.4.2 Analysing Ethic and Racial Risk Concerns at the DOE Sites.- 'I Do Not Know': Uncertainty about Environmental Risk.- 'I Am Not Worried': Lack of Concern about Environmental Risk.- 'I Am Somewhat Worried': Limited Concern about Environmental Risk.- 'I Am Worried': General Concern about Environmental Risk.- 'I Am Worried for My Family': Personal Concern about Environmental Risk.- 'I Was So Worried, I Moved': Taking Action because of Environmental Risk.- 3.5 Conclusion: Ethnicity and the Perception of Environmental Threat.- 3.5.1 Ethnicity and Risk Perception.- 3.5.2 Risk, Ethnicity and Policy.- References.- 4. Planning Cells and Citizen Juries in Environmental Policy: Deliberation and Its Limits.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Citizen Juries: Origins and Background.- 4.3. Argument.- 4.4. The Track-record of Citizen Juries in Environmental Policy - Some Comparative Evidence.- 4.5 Case Study: The Galway 'Pilot' Citizen Jury on Waste Policy.- 4.6 Discussion: Policy Learning through Deliberation?- 4.7 Conclusion.- References.- 5. The Power Visioning: The Contribution of Future Search Conferences to Decision-making in Local Agenda 21 Processes.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 The Future Search Conference Method.- 5.2.1 A New Generation of Systemic Participation Methods on the Rise.- 5.2.2 Origin, Principles and Basic Assumptions.- 5.2.3 Expected Results.- 5.3 Future Search as a Tool for Stakeholder Involvement for Local Agenda 21.- 5.4 The Normative Ideal of 'Collaborative Planning' as Measuring Stick for the Evaluation.- 5.4.1 The Research Question and Methodology.- 5.4.2 Collaborative Planning as Evaluation Framework.- 5.5 The Future Search Conference Method in Practice.- 5.5.1 Introducing the Case Study Areas.- 5.5.2 Process Criteria.- Fairness.- Competence.- 5.5.3 Capacity Building Criteria.- New Contacts and Partnerships.- Learning.- Building Trust, Community Spirit and Reviving Local Democracy.- 5.5.4 Outcome.- A Consensus Followed by Action.- 5.6 The Future Search Conference in the Context of Power Relations.- 5.6.1 Explaining the Failure to Deliver.- 5.6.2 Implications for the Use of Future Search Conferences.- Acknowledgements.- References.- 6. Participatory Decision-making for Sustainable Consumption.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Motives for Participatory Decision-making in Sustainable Consumption Policies.- 6.3 Limitations of Participatory Decision-making in Sustainable Consumption Policies.- 6.4 Case Study Examples.- 6.4.1 Citizen Participation in Urban Transport Planning.- 6.4.2 Generating Local Community Initiatives in Sustainable Consumption: Local Agenda 21 and Sustainable Communities.- 6.4.3 Consumer Involvement in National Policy-making.- 6.4.4 User Input to a Water Supply Strategy.- 6.5 Conclusions.- References.- 7. Hazardous Waste Anyone? A Comparison of Participatory and Non-participatory Approaches to Hazardous Waste Siting.- 7.1 Participatory Decision-making and Decision Quality.- 7.1.1 Locally-unwanted Land Uses: Acceptance and Decision Quality.- 7.1.2 Some Conceps of Decision Quality.- 7.1.3 The Importance of Formal Rules, and the Connection Between Proceudre and Outcome.- 7.1.4 A Scale of Participation.- 7.1.5 Practical Approach: Two Cases.- 7.2 Decision-making in Newport, Wales (UK).- 7.2.1 The Start of the Affair: Failed Communications.- 7.2.2 Official Procedures Begin, and Decisions are Made.- 7.2.3 Appeal and Inquiry.- 7.2.4 Inspector's Report and the SOS's Decision.- 7.2.5 Was the Decision Process Over?- 7.2.6 Current Operations.- 7.2.7 The Extent of Citizen Participation.- 7.2.8 An Assessment of Decision Quality.- 7.3 Participation Siting: Swan Hills, Alberta, Canada.- 7.3.1 Introduction: Emergence of a Problem.- 7.3.2 Hearings and Further Study.- 7.3.3 Implementation of a New Approach, but Which One?- 7.3.4 Community Responses and Cabinet Decision.- 7.3.5 Developments After Facility Construction.- 7.3.6 The Rules that Applied in This Case.- 7.3.7 The Quality of the Decision.- 7.4 Victims and Volunteers: Analysis and Conclusions.- 7.4.1 Differing Assumptions.- 7.4.2 Different Qualities.- References.- 8. Fora, Networks and Public Examinations: Building a Sustainable Development for South East England.- 8.1 Introduction.- Theoretical Perspectives on Public Participation in the Planning Process.- 8.3 Public Participation in Regional Planning: The Case of 'A Sustainable Development Strategy for South East England'.- 8.3.1 Phase 1: The Use of Fora.- 8.3.2 Phase 2: Public Consultation.- 8.3.3 Phase 3: Public Examination.- 8.4 Conclusions.- References.- 9. Concepts of Participatory Decision-making in Dutch Infrastructure Planning.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Dutch Infrastructure Planning.- 9.3 A Matter of Quality.- 9.4 Pragmatic Conceptions.- 9.5 Conceptions by Planning Professionals.- 9.6 Conclusion.- References.- 10. Local Agenda 21: 'Meaningful and Effective' Participation?- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Defining a LA21.- 10.3 The Ambitions of LA21 Participation.- 10.4 The Shape of LA21-participation and Decision-making.- 10.4.1 LA21 Participation and Policy-making.- 10.4.2 The Participants Involved.- 10.4.3 Information Exchange.- 10.4.4 LA21 and Decision-making.- 10.4.5 The Impact of LA21 on the Quality of Decision-making.- 10.5 Explaining the Limited Impact of LA21 on Decision-making.- 10.5.1 Tradition and Experiences.- 10.5.2 National LA21 Implementation.- 10.5.3 Constitutional and Institutional Position of Local Authorities.- 10.5.4 Constraints on Stakeholder Involvement.- 10.6 Conclusions.- References.- 11. Conclusions.- 11.1 The Promise of Participation.- 11.2 Better Substantive Decisions.- 11.3 Quality of Assessment.- 11.4 Better Decision Implementation.- 11.5 Limitations of the Instrumental Function of Participation.- 11.6 Limitations in Using Participants Information.- 11.6.1 Getting the Right Information.- 11.6.2 The Information in Decision-making.- 11.7 Limitations of Participation to Add to the Quality of Assessment.- 11.7.1 Resources.- 11.7.2 Types of Decision.- 11.7.3 Create the Right Environment for the Assessment.- 11.8 Limitations in Improving Implementation Through Public Participation.- References.

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"This edited collection is an inquiry into the impact of public participation on the quality of environmental decision making. . for the policy scientist interested in delving into decision processes, Coenen and collaborators provide a worthwhile contribution that introduces the reader to many of the benefits and challenges of participatory decision making and provides plenty of examples from a wide array of decision-making arenas and methods. Overall, Public Participation and Better Environmental Decisions contributes nicely to the growing body of empirical evidence about participatory processes." (Cedar Morton, Policy Sciences, Vol. 44, 2011)