Pulled Over: How Police Stops Define Race And Citizenship

Paperback | April 4, 2014

byCharles R. Epp, Steven Maynard-Moody, Donald P. Haider-markel

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In sheer numbers, no form of government control comes close to the police stop. Each year, twelve percent of drivers in the United States are stopped by the police, and the figure is almost double among racial minorities. Police stops are among the most recognizable and frequently criticized incidences of racial profiling, but, while numerous studies have shown that minorities are pulled over at higher rates, none have examined how police stops have come to be both encouraged and institutionalized.

Pulled Over deftly traces the strange history of the investigatory police stop, from its discredited beginning as “aggressive patrolling” to its current status as accepted institutional practice. Drawing on the richest study of police stops to date, the authors show that who is stopped and how they are treated convey powerful messages about citizenship and racial disparity in the United States. For African Americans, for instance, the experience of investigatory stops erodes the perceived legitimacy of police stops and of the police generally, leading to decreased trust in the police and less willingness to solicit police assistance or to self-censor in terms of clothing or where they drive. This holds true even when police are courteous and respectful throughout the encounters and follow seemingly colorblind institutional protocols. With a growing push in recent years to use local police in immigration efforts, Hispanics stand poised to share African Americans’ long experience of investigative stops.
 
In a country that celebrates democracy and racial equality, investigatory stops have a profound and deleterious effect on African American and other minority communities that merits serious reconsideration. Pulled Over offers practical recommendations on how reforms can protect the rights of citizens and still effectively combat crime.

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In sheer numbers, no form of government control comes close to the police stop. Each year, twelve percent of drivers in the United States are stopped by the police, and the figure is almost double among racial minorities. Police stops are among the most recognizable and frequently criticized incidences of racial profiling, but, while n...

Charles R. Epp is professor in the School of Public Affairs and Administration at the University of Kansas. He is the author of several books, including Making Rights Real, also published by the University of Chicago Press. Steven Maynard-Moody is professor in the School of Public Affairs and Administration at the University of Kansas,...

other books by Charles R. Epp

Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.8 inPublished:April 4, 2014Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022611399X

ISBN - 13:9780226113999

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Narratives

Preface and Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. “I Felt Violated”

Chapter 2. Looking Beyond the License Plate

Chapter 3. The Decision to Stop a Driver

Chapter 4. Experiences during the Stop

Chapter 5. How Investigatory Intrusions Are Deliberately Planned (and Racially Based)

Chapter 6. Evaluating the Stop: Looking Beyond Official Politeness

Chapter 7. The Broader Lessons (and Harms) of Police Stops

Chapter 8. Toward Racial Justice in Police Stops

Append

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Editorial Reviews

“A very important book. . . . The arguments here are vital for how we think about how the state—and especially the criminal justice face of it—shapes citizenship. . . . Pulled Over should be required reading for folks interested either in citizenship or policing."