Purging the Empire: Mass Expulsions in Germany, 1871-1914

Hardcover | February 6, 2015

byMatthew P. Fitzpatrick

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While the fate of minorities under Nazism is well known, the earlier expulsions of Germany's unwanted residents are less well understood. Against a backdrop of raging public debate, and numerous claims of a "state of exception", tens of thousands of vulnerable people living in the GermanEmpire were the victims of mass expulsion orders between 1871 and 1914. Groups as diverse as Socialists, Jesuits, Danes, colonial subjects, French nationalists, Poles, and "Gypsies" were all removed, under circumstances that varied from police actions undertaken by provincial governors through tolaws authorising removals passed by the Reichstag.Purging the Empire examines the competing voices demanding the removal or the preservation of suspect communities, suggesting that these expulsions were enabled by the decentralised and participatory nature of German politics. In a surprisingly responsive political system, a range of players,including the Kaiser, the Reichstag, the bureaucracy, provincial officials, and local police authorities were all empowered to authorise the expulsion of unwanted residents. Added to this, the German press, civic associations, chambers of commerce, public intellectuals, religious societies, and thegrassroots membership of political parties all played an important role in advocating or denouncing the measures before, during and after their implementation. Far from revealing the centrality of authoritarian caprice, Germany's mass expulsions point to the diffuse nature of coercive sovereignpower and the role of public pressure in authorising or censuring the removals that took place in a modern, increasingly parliamentary Rechtsstaat.

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While the fate of minorities under Nazism is well known, the earlier expulsions of Germany's unwanted residents are less well understood. Against a backdrop of raging public debate, and numerous claims of a "state of exception", tens of thousands of vulnerable people living in the GermanEmpire were the victims of mass expulsion orders ...

Matthew P. Fitzpatrick is the author of Liberal Imperialism in Germany (2008) and the editor of Liberal Imperialism in Europe (2012). He has also written on aspects of imperialism in Europe and ancient Rome.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:320 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1 inPublished:February 6, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198725787

ISBN - 13:9780198725787

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Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroductionPart One - Democratic Expulsions1. The Road Not Taken: Germany's Penal Colony Debate2. The 'Jesuit Menace' of 18723. 'Class Justice': The Expulsion of Socialists and the 'Minor State of Siege'Part Two - State-Based Expulsions4. Poles and the Demographic Threat to Prussia5. A Question of Motivation: Expelling Jews or Anti-Semitic Expulsions?6. The Legacy of Gravenstein: Expelling the Danes from Schleswig7. The 'Gypsy Plague' in Bavaria and BeyondPart Three - Extra-Constitutional Expulsions8. French Revanchism and the Boulangist Threat in Alsace- Lorraine9. Stabilising the Empire: Expulsions in German Southwest AfricaConclusionBibliographyIndex