Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans by Leonid ZhmudPythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans by Leonid Zhmud

Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

byLeonid Zhmud

Hardcover | June 12, 2012

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In ancient tradition, Pythagoras (c. 570 - c. 495 BC) emerges as a wise teacher, an outstanding mathematician, an influential politician, and as a religious and ethical reformer. Arguably the most influential thinker among the Presocratics, he was thought to have possessed supernaturalqualities. This combination of characteristics has led to his portrayal as a controversial and elusive figure. In contrast, his early Pythagorean followers, such as the doctors Democedes and Alcmaeon, the Olympic victors Milon and Iccus, the botanist Menestor, the natural philosopher Hippon, andthe mathematicians Hippasus and Theodorus, all appear in our sources as 'rational' as they can possibly be. This volume offers a comprehensive study of Pythagoras, Pythagoreanism, and the early Pythagoreans through an analysis of the many representations of the individual and his followers, allowing the representations to complement and critique each other. Using sources dating back to before 300 BC,Zhmud portrays a more historical picture of Pythagoras and of the political society founded by him in Croton. With chapters devoted to the sciences, philosophy, and religion cultivated by Pythagoreans, a critical distinction is made between the theories of individual Pythagoreans. They were as'normal' as any other Presocratic, a 'normality' that ensured the continued existence of Pythagoreanism as a philosophical and scientific school.

About The Author

Leonid Zhmud has been working at the Institute for the History of Science and Technology in St. Petersburg since 1987 and is currently a leading academic researcher. In 1989, together with Lev Lurje, he founded the first Classical High School in Leningrad (Gymnasium Classicum Petropolitanum).Between 1990-2010 he held a vaiety of posit...
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Title:Pythagoras and the Early PythagoreansFormat:HardcoverDimensions:552 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.03 inPublished:June 12, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019928931X

ISBN - 13:9780199289318

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Table of Contents

Introduction: The Pythagorean question: problems, methods, and sources1. The Early Tradition on Pythagoras and its Development2. Biography: sources, facts, and legends3. Who were the Pythagoreans?4. The Pythagorean communities5. Mathematici and Acusmatici. The Pythagorean symbols6. Shamanism and Metempsychosis7. Mathematics8. Harmonics and Acoustics9. Astronomy10. Medicine and Life Sciences11. Pythagorean Philosophies12. Pythagorean Number Doctrine in the Academy and LyceumAbbreviations of the sourcesBibliography