Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography

Paperback | December 14, 2015

EditorIain Hay

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Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography is a comprehensive, practical guide to understanding and conducting qualitative research in human geography. Using a unique "how-to" approach to focus on the practical application of research in human geography by providing real-world examples ofresearch methods at work in case studies, this fourth edition teaches students how to plan, execute, interpret, and effectively communicate qualitative research. With the inclusion of new Canadian and North American examples throughout, in addition to international and Asia-Pacific examples, thetext achieves its goal of providing an in-depth overview of qualitative research methods relevant to human geography that is both readable and accessible for students.Now in its fourth edition, Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography returns with improved readability for undergraduate students, end-of-chapter review exercises, and an appendix of example field notes, making the text much more accessible, current, and relevant to today's human geographystudents. Three new chapters have also been added on the topics of feminist and indigenous approaches, visual methods, and new media.

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Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography is a comprehensive, practical guide to understanding and conducting qualitative research in human geography. Using a unique "how-to" approach to focus on the practical application of research in human geography by providing real-world examples ofresearch methods at work in case studies, t...

Iain Hay, BSc (Hons) (Canterbury) 1982, MA (Massey) 1985, PhD (Washington) 1989, GradCertTertEd (Flinders) 1995, MEdMgmt (Flinders) 2004, LittD (Canterbury) 2009, is Matthew Flinders Distinguished Professor of Human Geography in the School of Environment at Flinders University, South Australia. His principal research interests revolve ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:536 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.71 inPublished:December 14, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199010900

ISBN - 13:9780199010905

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Table of Contents

Boxes and FiguresNotes on ContributorsPrefacePart I "Introducing" Qualitative Research in Human Geography1. Hilary P.M. Winchester and Matthew W. Rofe: Qualitative Research and Its Place in Human GeographyChapter OverviewIntroductionWhat is Qualitative Research?- What Questions Does Qualitative Research Answer?- Types of Qualitative Research- The Contribution of Qualitative Techniques to Explanation in GeographyThe Relationship Between Qualitative and Quantitative GeographyThe History of Qualitative Research in GeographyContemporary Qualitative Geography - Theory/Method LinksSummaryKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExerciseUseful Resources2. Robyn Dowling: Power, Subjectivity, and Ethics in Qualitative ResearchChapter OverviewIntroduction: On the Social Relations of ResearchResearch Ethics and Institutional Review of Research Ethics- Privacy and Confidentiality- Informed Consent- HarmEthics and Online ResearchCriticisms of, and Moving Beyond, Ethical GuidelinesCritical ReflexivityPower Relations in Qualitative ResearchObjectivity, Subjectivity, and Intersubjectivity in Qualitative Data CollectionSummary and Prompts for Critical ReflexivityKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNote3. Richie Howitt and Stan Stevens: Cross-Cultural Research: Ethics, Methods, and RelationshipsChapter Overview: An Explanation of Our Writing MethodModes of Cross-Cultural Engagement: Colonial, Post-colonial, Decolonizing, and Inclusionary ResearchGetting Started: Research Legitimacy and Local AuthorizationDoing the Work- The Scale Politics of Cross-Cultural Research Projects- Social/Cultural Transmission and Creation of Knowledge- Collaborative and Participatory Research- Constructing LegitimacyMaking Sense, Reaching ConclusionsPostscriptKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotes4. Jay T. Johnson and Clare Madge: Empowering Methodologies: Feminist and Indigenous ApproachesChapter OverviewIntroductionFeminist Research PracticeIndigenous ResearchUsing Empowering Methods1. Approaching the Research2. Doing the Research3. The Politics of the ResearchSummary: A Critical ReflectionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExerciseUseful ResourcesAcknowledgement5. Janice Monk and Richard Bedford: Writing a Compelling Research ProposalChapter OverviewThe Research ChallengeWhere Do Research Ideas Come From?Getting StartedSpecifying Your Research QuestionFraming Your ResearchDeveloping Your MethodologyWriting the ProposalSeeking Funding for ResearchA Concluding CommentKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotes6. Qualitative Research Design and RigourChapter OverviewIntroductionAsking Research Questions- From Asking Research Questions to Conducting ResearchSelecting Cases and Participants- Selecting Cases- Selecting Participants- Participant Selection- How Many Participants?Ensuring RigourFinal CommentsKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful Resources7. Jamie Baxter: Case Studies in Qualitative ResearchChapter OverviewWhat Is a Case Study?The historical development of the case studyN=1 and the Importance of Depth and ContextTypes of Case Studies- Theory Testing and Theory Generating cases- Case Studies across Time and SpaceAre Case Studies Generalizable?ConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotesPart II "Doing" Qualitative Research in Human Geography8. Kevin Dunn: InterviewingChapter OverviewInterviewing in Geography- Types of Interviewing- Strengths of InterviewingInterview Design- The Interview Schedule or GuideTypes of Questions- Ordering Questions and TopicsStructured InterviewingSemi-Structured InterviewingUnstructured InterviewingInterviewing Practice- Contact- The Interview Relation- Closing the InterviewRecording and Transcribing Interviews- Recording- Transcribing the Data- Assembling Field Note FilesAnalyzing Interview DataPresenting Interview DataInterviews Using Computer-Mediated Communication- Advantages of CMC Interviewing- Challenges of CMC Interviewing- Strategies for good CMC InterviewsConclusionKey TermsReview ExercisesReview QuestionsUseful Resources9. Karen George and Elaine Stratford: Oral History and Human GeographyChapter OverviewIntroductionWhat is Oral History and Why use It in Geographical Research?How is Oral History Different from Interviewing?- Starting Ethically- Getting to Know Your Participant - The Preliminary Meeting- Sensitive Issues- Multiple Interviews- The Question of Questions- Interview Structure- Questioning the Source- Sound Quality, Interview Sites, and Other Technical IssuesWhy and How to Make Oral History AccessibleUses of Oral History - Spreading the WordLast WordsKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful Resources10. Jenny Cameron: Focusing on the Focus GroupChapter OverviewWhat are Focus Groups?Using Focus Groups in GeographyPlanning and Conducting Focus Groups- Selecting Participants- Composition of Focus Groups- Size and Number of Groups- Recruiting Participants- Questions and Topics- Conducting Focus Groups- Online Focus GroupsAnalyzing and Presenting ResultsConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful Resources11. Michael Roche: Historical Research and Archival SourcesChapter OverviewIntroductionWhat is Archival Research?Advice on Conducting Good Historical and Archival ResearchChallenges of Archival ResearchEthics and ArchivesPresenting the Results of Archival ResearchConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExerciseUseful ResourcesNotes12. Pauline M. McGuirk and Phillip O'Neill: Using Questionnaires in Qualitative Human GeographyChapter OverviewIntroductionQuestionnaire Design and FormatSamplingPre-TestingModes of Questionnaire DistributionMaximizing Questionnaire Response RatesAnalyzing Questionnaire DataConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExerciseUseful Resources13. Jim Craine and Colin Gardner: Visual MethodologyChapter OverviewVisual Methods in GeographyPsychoanalysis and SemioticsDiscourse AnalysisExploring the VirtualGeovisualization as MethodConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful Resources14. Gordon Waitt: Doing Foucauldian Discourse Analysis - Revealing Social IdentitiesChapter OverviewIntroducing Discourse AnalysisDoing Foucauldian Discourse Analysis- Choice of Source Materials or Texts- Suspend Pre-Existing Categories: Become Reflexive- Familiarization: Absorbing Yourself In and Thinking Critically About the Social Context of Your Source Materials- Coding: Once for Organization and Again for Interpretation- Power, Knowledge, and Persuasion: Investigate your source materials for "Effects of Truth"- Resilience and Rupture: Take Note of inconsistencies within your sources- Silences: Silence as Discourse and Discourses that SilenceReflecting on Doing Foucauldian Discourse AnalysisKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful Resources15. Robin A. Kearns: Placing Observation in the Research ToolkitChapter OverviewPurposes of ObservationTypes of ObservationParticipant ObservationPower, Knowledge, and ObservationStages of Participant Observation- Choice of Setting- Access- Field Relations- Talking and Listening- Recording Data- Analysis and Presentation- Ethical ObligationsReflecting on the MethodKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful Resources16. Jamie Winders: New MediaChapter OverviewWhat are New Media?Thinking Spatially about and With New MediaWhat New Media DoWho Are We on New Media? Who Are We With?Putting It All TogetherKey TermsReview QuestionReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotes17. Sara Kindon: Empowering Approaches: Participatory Action ResearchChapter OverviewWhat is Participatory Action Research?Conducting "Good" Participatory Action ResearchThe Value and Rewards of Participatory Action ResearchChallenges and StrategiesPresenting ResultsReflecting on Participatory Action ResearchKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotesPart III "Interpreting and Communicating" Qualitative Research18. Meghan Cope: Organizing and Analyzing Qualitative DataChapter OverviewIntroduction: Making Sense of DataMaking Meaning I: MemosMaking Meaning II: Concept MappingMaking Meaning III: Coding- Types of Codes and Coding- The Purposes of Coding- Getting Started with CodingDeveloping the Coding StructureCoding with OthersComputer-Aided Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS) and Qualitative GISBeing in the World, Coding the WorldKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotes19. Juliana Mansvelt and Lawrence D. Berg: Writing Qualitative Geographies, Constructing Meaningful Geographical KnowledgesChapter OverviewStyles of Presentation- Positivist and Neo-Positivist Approaches: Universal Objectivity- Post-Positivist Approaches: Situated KnowledgesBalancing Description and Interpretation - Observation and Theory- The Role of "Theory" and the Constitution of "Truth"- Writing and Researching as Mutually Constitutive Practices- Issues of Validity and AuthenticityConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesNotes20. Eric Pawson and Dydia DeLyser: Communicating Qualitative Research to Wider AudiencesChapter OverviewIntroductionUnderstanding AudiencesOrganizing and Representing Qualitative FindingsThe Power of Qualitative ResearchConclusionKey TermsReview QuestionsReview ExercisesUseful ResourcesAppendix: Field Notes Example: Interviewing SamGlossaryReferencesIndex