Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics

Paperback | September 15, 2011

EditorChristopher W. Morris

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Featuring sixty-seven classic and contemporary selections, Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics is ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics. In contrast with other moral problems anthologies, it deals exclusively withcurrent moral issues concerning life and death - the ethics of saving lives and the ethics of killing. By focusing on these specific questions - rather than on an unrelated profusion of moral problems - this volume offers a theoretically unified presentation that enables students to see how theirconclusions regarding one moral issue can affect their positions on other debates. Questions of Life and Death includes readings on socially and politically relevant controversies including famine, killing in war, terrorism, capital punishment, killing animals, suicide, euthanasia, and abortion. The essays include classic works by Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Hobbes, Immanuel Kant, andJohn Locke alongside contemporary selections by Thomas Nagel, James Rachels, Peter Singer, Judith Jarvis Thomson, Michael Walzer, and many others. Rather than presenting students with readings on abstract and complex moral theories, editor Christopher Morris has chosen works that reflect"middle-level moral theory" and inspire everyday questions like "What if everyone did that?" Each reading is preceded by a brief introduction and followed by discussion questions. For additional theoretical background, students can consult the final chapter, a "Moral Theory Primer" (by MarkTimmons), which clearly outlines various theories.

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Featuring sixty-seven classic and contemporary selections, Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics is ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics. In contrast with other moral problems anthologies, it deals exclusively withcurrent moral issues concerning life and death ...

Christopher W. Morris is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Maryland. He is the author of An Essay on the Modern State (1998) and the editor or coeditor of several books, including Amartya Sen (2009) and Violence, Terrorism, and Justice (1991).

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:544 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:September 15, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195156986

ISBN - 13:9780195156980

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Table of Contents

I. WHY IS KILLING USUALLY WRONG?1. R. M. Hare: What Is Life?2. Thomas Aquinas: Of Murder3. John Locke: The Natural State of Men4. John Paul II: Thou Shall Not Kill5. Thomas Hobbes: The Value of a Man Is His Price6. Jeff McMahan: Killing7. Jonathan Glover: Not Playing GodII. WHY IS DEATH AN EVIL?8. James Rachels: Death and Evil9. Thomas Nagel: Death10. Robert Nozick: DeathIII. WHAT MAKES OUR LIVES GO WELL?11. Thomas Aquinas: Happiness12. Thomas Hobbes: Felicity13. Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine14. Martha Nussbaum: A Conception of the Human Being: The Central Human Capabilities15. Derek Parfit: What Makes Someone's Life Go Best?16. Thomas Nagel: The Meaning of LifeIV. SAVING LIVES: FAMINE17. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality18. David Schmidtz: Islands in a Sea of Obligation: Limits of the Duty to RescueV. KILLING IN WAR19. Christopher W. Morris: Notes on War and Peace20. Thomas Hobbes: War of Every One against Every One21. Thomas Aquinas: Of War22. Harry Truman: Address to the American People, 9 August 194523. John Rawls: Fifty Years after Hiroshima24. Thomas Nagel: War and Massacre25. Michael Walzer: Supreme Emergency26. George Orwell: On the Futility of Limiting War27. George I. Mavrodes: Conventions and the Morality of War28. Jeff McMahan: The Ethics of Killing in WarVI. TERRORISM29. R. G. Frey and Christopher W. Morris: Violence, Terrorism, and Justice30. Loren Lomasky: The Political Significance of Terrorism31. Douglas Lackey: The Evolution of the Modern Terrorist State: Area Bombing and Nuclear Deterrence32. Robert K. Fullinwider: Terrorism, Innocence, and WarVII. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT33. Thomas Aquinas: Whether It Is Lawful to Kill Sinners?34. Immanuel Kant: The Right of Punishing35. John Paul II: The Death Penalty36. Amnesty International: The Death Penalty and the Right to Life37. Hugo Adam Bedau: The Case against the Death Penalty38. Louis P. Pojman: Why the Death Penalty Is Morally Permissible39. Christopher W. Morris: Punishment and Loss of Moral StandingVIII. ANIMALS40. Thomas Aquinas: The Status of Animals41. Immanuel Kant: Duties with Regard to Animals42. Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal43. Peter Carruthers: Against the Moral Standing of Animals44. Alastair Norcross: Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal CasesIX. SUICIDE45. Seneca: On the Proper Time to Slip the Cable46. Thomas Aquinas: Whether It Is Lawful to Kill Oneself?47. David Hume: Of SuicideX. EUTHANASIA48. John Paul II: The Tragedy of Euthanasia49. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia50. Frances M. Kamm: A Right to Choose Death? A Moral Argument for the Permissibility of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide51. David Velleman: Against the Right to Die52. Allen Buchanan: Intending Death: The Structure of the Problem and Proposed SolutionsXI. WHEN DO WE DIE?53. President's Commission: Defining Death54. David DeGrazia: Biology, Consciousness, and the Definition of Death55. Jeff McMahan: EndingsXII. ABORTION56. John Paul II: The Unspeakable Crime of Abortion57. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion58. Mary Ann Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion (and Postscript on Infanticide, 1982)59. Donald Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral60. Jeff McMahan: Beginnings61. Eugene Mills: The Egg and I: Conception, Identity, and Abortion62. Paul Gomberg: Abortion and the Morality of NurturanceXIII. MAKING PEOPLE: CLONING63. Leon Kass: Preventing a Brave New World"64. Robert George (joined by Alfonso Gomez-Lobo): Human Cloning and Human Dignity65. Michael Tooley: The Moral Status of CloningXIV. FUTURE GENERATIONS66. Gregory S. Kavka: The Paradox of Future IndividualsXV. MORAL THEORIES67. Mark Timmons: A Moral Theory Primer