Questions That Matter: An Invitation to Philosophy, Brief Version: An Invitation to Philosophy…

Paperback | August 8, 2005

byEd. Miller, Jon Jensen

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This accessible text-reader includes extensive student pedagogy--running summaries, high-interest boxes, biographies, epigrams, a philosophical dictionary, and a timeline/map. The new edition offers a new chapter on virtue ethics, new cases and questions from environmental and biomedical ethics, a new chapter on communitarian and feminist critiques of contemporary liberalism, and more!

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This accessible text-reader includes extensive student pedagogy--running summaries, high-interest boxes, biographies, epigrams, a philosophical dictionary, and a timeline/map. The new edition offers a new chapter on virtue ethics, new cases and questions from environmental and biomedical ethics, a new chapter on communitarian and femin...

Ed L. Miller holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Southern California and a Doctorate of Theology from the University of Basel, Switzerland. He has taught for the last thirty years at the University of Colorado, Boulder. In addition to being a member of the philosophy faculty, he also teaches for the Religious Studies D...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:512 pages, 9 × 5.9 × 0.79 inPublished:August 8, 2005Publisher:McGraw-Hill EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0072975016

ISBN - 13:9780072975017

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Preface

INTRODUCTION: THE NATURE OF PHILOSOPHY

CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?

The Word Itself

The Fields of Philosophy

A Rational, Critical Enterprise

Differing Conceptions

A Working Definition

Professor Miller's Four Principles

Chapter 1 in Review

CHAPTER 2: A LITTLE LOGIC

The Three Laws of Thought

What Is An Argument?

Informal Fallacies

Chapter 2 in Review

PART ONE: THE QUESTION OF REALITY

CHAPTER 3: THE IDEA OF FORM

Plato and Socrates

The Two Worlds: Appearance and Reality

The Theory of the Forms

Degrees of Reality and Knowledge

The Good, the Sun, and the Cave

Aristotle's Criticism of Plato

Aristotle's View of Form

After Plato and Aristotle

Chapter 3 in Review

CHAPTER 4: MIND AND MATTER

Descartes: The Father of Modern Philosophy

"What Can I Know for Certain?"

The Intuition of Mind

The Deduction of God

The Deduction of Matter

Some Objections

The Mind-Body Problem

Mind: A Set of Dispositions or Functions

Chapter 4 in Review

CHAPTER 5: MATERIALISM

What Is Materialism?

Man a Machine

The New Materialism

Are the Mind and Body Identical?

Beyond Freedom and Dignity: Skinner

Are All Things Determined?

Chapter 5 in Review

PART TWO: THE QUESTION OF KNOWLEDGE

CHAPTER 6: THE WAY OF REASON

Two Main Theories about the Basis of Knowledge

Reason as the Basic of Knowledge

The Rationalism of Plato

The Rationalism of Descartes

A Contemporary Version: Chomsky

Chapter 6 in Review

CHAPTER 7: THE WAY OF EXPERIENCE

What Is Empiricism?

Classical Empiricism: Aristotle and St. Thomas

Modern Empiricism: Locke

Radical Empiricism: Hume

Chapter 7 in Review

CHAPTER 8: THE PROBLEM OF CERTAINTY

Kant and Hume

Some Important Terminology

Is There Synthetic A Priori Knowledge?

The Limits of Reason

Chapter 8 in Review

PART THREE: THE QUESTION OF GOD

CHAPTER 9: GOD AND THE WORLD

Natural Theology

The Cosmological Argument

The Teleological Argument

The Problem of Causality

Chapter 9 in Review

CHAPTER 10: RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE

The Experience of the Numinous

The Mystical Ascent

Mysticisms East

The Way of Zen

Is Religious Experience Evidence for God?

Chapter 10 in Review

CHAPTER 11: GOD AND EVIL

What Is the Problem?

Some Solutions

Evil as a Privation of Goodness

The Free-Will Defense

Evil as Therapy

Evil Is Irrational

Chapter 11 in Review

PART FOUR: THE QUESTION OF MORALITY

CHAPTER 12: CHALLENGES TO MORALITY

The Challenge of Relativism

The Challenge of Determinism

The Challenge of Existentialism

Chapter 12 in Review

CHAPTER 13: UTILITARIANISM

What Is Utilitarianism?

Bentham's Version: Quantity over Quality

Mill's Version: Quality over Quantity

Some Objections

Chapter 13 in Review

CHAPTER 14: THE ROLE OF DUTY

Morality as Unconditional

The Good Will

Kant's Categorical Imperative

The Test of Moral Actions

Some Objections

Chapter 14 in Review

CHAPTER 15: VIRTUE

Character and Action

Aristotle on Happiness and Virtue

The Virtues

Objections

Is There a Natural Law?

Chapter 15 in Review

Glossary

Acknowledgments

Index