Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Kobo ebook | August 16, 2011

bySheldon Krimsky, Kathleen Sloan

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Leading scholars from a range of disciplines, including law, biology, sociology, history, anthropology, and psychology, examine the impact of modern genetics on the concept of race. Does mapping the human genome reconstitute a scientific rationale for long-discredited racial categories? Contributors trace the interplay between genetics and race in forensic DNA databanks, the biology of intelligence, DNA ancestry markers, and racialized medicine. Each essay explores commonly held and unexamined assumptions and misperceptions about race in both science and popular culture.

Divided into six major categories, the collection begins with the historical origins and current uses of the concept of "race" in science. It follows with an analysis of the role of race in DNA databanks and its reflection of racial disparities in the criminal justice system. Essays then consider the rise of recreational genetics in the form of for-profit testing of genetic ancestry and the introduction of racialized medicine, specifically through an FDA-approved heart drug called BiDil, marketed to African American men. Concluding sections discuss the contradictions between our scientific and cultural understandings of race and the continuing significance of race in educational and criminal justice policy, not to mention the ongoing project of a society that has no use for racial stereotypes.

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Leading scholars from a range of disciplines, including law, biology, sociology, history, anthropology, and psychology, examine the impact of modern genetics on the concept of race. Does mapping the human genome reconstitute a scientific rationale for long-discredited racial categories? Contributors trace the interplay between genetics...

Sheldon Krimsky is professor of urban and environmental policy and planning and adjunct professor of public health and community medicine at Tufts University. He is the author of nine books, including Science in the Private Interest: Has the Lure of Profit Corrupted Biomedical Research? and is coauthor with Tania Simoncelli of the re...

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Format:Kobo ebookPublished:August 16, 2011Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231527691

ISBN - 13:9780231527699

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: How Science Embraced the Racialization of Human Populations
Sheldon Krimsky
Part I. Science and Race: Historical and Evolutionary Perspectives
1. A Short History of the Race Concept
, by Michael Yudell
2. Natural Selection, the Human Genome, and the Idea of Race
, by Robert Pollack
Part II. Forensic DNA Databases, Race, and the Criminal Justice System
3. Racial Disparities in Databanking of DNA Profiles
, by Michael T. Risher
4. Prejudice, Stigma, and DNA Databases
, by Helen Wallace
Part III. Ancestry Testing
5. Ancestry Testing and DNA: Uses, Limits, and Caveat Emptor
, by Troy Duster
6. Can DNA "Witness" Race? Forensic Uses of an Imperfect Ancestry Testing Technology
, by Duana Fullwiley
Part IV. Racialized Medicine
7. BiDil and Racialized Medicine
, by Jonathan Kahn
8. Evolutionary Versus Racial Medicine: Why it Matters?
, by Joseph L. Graves, Jr.
Part V. Intelligence and Race
9. Myth and Mystification: The Science of Race and IQ
, by Pilar N. Ossorio
10. Intelligence, Race, and Genetics
, by Robert J. Sternberg, Elena L. Grigorenko, Kenneth K. Kidd, and Steven E. Stemler
Part VI. Contemporary Culture, Race, and Genetics
11. The Elusive Variability of Race
, by Patricia J. Williams
12. Race, Genetics, and the Regulatory Need for Race Impact Assessments
, by Osagie K. Obasogie
Conclusion: Toward a Remedy for the Social Consequences of Racial Myths
, by Kathleen Sloan
List of Contributors
Index

Editorial Reviews

An important strength of this timely,engaging, and readable book--and what distinguishes it from some others--is the claritywith which it demonstrates how genomics findings in one discipline... are applied to others...