Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750 by Jonathan I. IsraelRadical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750 by Jonathan I. Israel

Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

byJonathan I. Israel

Paperback | August 1, 2002

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Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries - in the wake of the Scientific Revolution - of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief, by the new philosophyand the philosophies, culminating in Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. In this revolutionary process which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, slavery, and ecclesiastical authority, as well as man's asendancy over woman and theology's domination over education andstudy, substituting the modern principles of equality, democracy, and universality, the Radical Enlightenment played a crucially important part. Despite the present-day interest in the revolutions of the late eighteenth century, the origins and rise of the Radical Enlightenment have beenastonishingly little studied, doubtless largely because if its very wide international sweep and the obvious difficulties of fitting it into the restrictive conventions of 'national history' which until recently tended to dominate all historiography. The greatest obstacle to the RadicalEnlightenment finding its proper place in modern historical writing is simply that it was not French, British, German, Italian, Jewish or Dutch, but all of these at the same time. In this novel interpretation of the Radical Enlightenment down to La Mettrie and Diderot, two of its key exponents,particular stress is placed on the pivotal role of Spinoza and the widespread underground international philosophical movement known before 1750 as Spinozism.
Jonathan I. Israel is a Professor in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
Title:Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750Format:PaperbackPublished:August 1, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199254567

ISBN - 13:9780199254569

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Table of Contents

I. The 'Radical Enlightenment'1. Introduction2. Government and Philosophy3. Society, Institutions, Revolution4. Women, Philosophy, and Sexuality5. Censorship and Culture6. Libraries and Enlightenment7. The Learned JournalsII. The Rise of Philosophical Radicalism8. Spinoza9. Van den Enden: Philosophy, Democracy, and Egalitarianism10. Radicalism and the People: The Brothers Koerbagh11. Philosophy, the Interpreter of Scripture12. Miracles Denied13. Spinoza's System14. Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists15. Philosophy, Politics, and the Liberation of Man16. Publishing a Banned Philosophy17. The Spread of a Forbidden MovementIII. Europe and the 'New' Intellectual Controversies 1680-172018. Bayle and the 'Virtuous Atheist'19. The Bredenburg Disputes20. Fontenelle and the War of the Oracles21. The Death of the Devil22. Leenhof and the 'Universal Philosophical Religion'23. The 'Nature of God' ControversyIV. The Intellectual Counter-Offensive24. New Theological Strategies25. The Collapse of Cartesianism26. Leibniz and the Radical Enlightenment27. Anglomania: The 'Triumph' of Newton and Locke28. The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal29. Germany and the Baltic: 'The 'War of the Philosophers'V. The Clandestine Progress of the Radical Enlightenment 1680-175030. Boulainvilliers and the Rise of French31. French Refugee Deists in Exile32. The Spinozistic Novel in French33. English Deism and Europe34. Germany: The Radical Aufklaerung35. The Radical Impact in Italy36. The Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts37. From La Mettrie to Diderot38. Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution

Editorial Reviews

`Magnificent and magisterial, Radical Enlightenment will undoubtedly be one of the truly great historical works of the decade.'John Adamson, Sunday Telegraph