Railway Reform; Its Importance And Practicability Considered As Affecting The Nation, The…

Paperback | October 12, 2012

byWilliam Galt

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1865 edition. Excerpt: ... with great labour overcome. The latter was done by Joseph Locke, who here for the first time appears in the history of railway engineering. Over Chat Moss a road of hurdles and heather was constructed, with a covering of earth to steady it. And when this showed a tendency to sink below the level into the abyss of bog, the moss was laden on each side of the track to balance it. When the water still oozed through, a new kind of drain pipe, formed of waste tallow casks, headed together, was invented. George Stephenson and the railways called into existence a new class of manual labourers--the navvies. The word navvy is an abbreviation of navigator; the term having been first applied to the artificers of canals, or systems of inland navigation, a generation or two before the inception of railways. These navvies were, and are, splendid specimens of the bone and muscle which English bread, beef, and beer will produce. The staple and nucleus of the navvies were men born on Blackstone Edge, the great mountain ridge on the confines of Lancashire and Yorkshire, men " with stomachs like ostriches, with gizzardscapable of cramming and digesting any amount of flesh, meat, and bread, and turning it into bone and muscle, to do any amount of work." So much, indeed, was feeding an element in the powers of the navvies, that in later days of railway engineering and contracting than those at which we have now arrived in our survey, when contractors had to dismiss any number of men on account of the diminution of work to be performed, they invariably parted with those whom they had observed to display the smallest gastronomic and digestive capacities. Two pounds of beef-steak was an ordinary allowance for a navvy's dinner, and condiments, solid and liquid,...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1865 edition. Excerpt: ... with great labour overcome. The latter was done by Joseph Locke, who here for the first time appears in the hi...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:150 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.32 inPublished:October 12, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:021774611X

ISBN - 13:9780217746113

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