Rational Models of Cognition

Hardcover | June 1, 1998

EditorM. Oaksford, N. Chater

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This book explores a new approach to understanding the human mind - rational analysis - that regards thinking as a facility adapted to the structure of the world. This approach is most closely associated with the work of John R Anderson, who published the original book on rational analysis in1990. Since then, a great deal of work has been carried out in a number of laboratories around the world, and the aim of this book is to bring this work together for the benefit of the general psychological audience. The book contains chapters by some of the world's leading researchers in memory,categorisation, reasoning, and search, who show how the power of rational analysis can be applied to the central question of how humans think. It will be of interest to students and researchers in cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and animal behaviour.

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This book explores a new approach to understanding the human mind - rational analysis - that regards thinking as a facility adapted to the structure of the world. This approach is most closely associated with the work of John R Anderson, who published the original book on rational analysis in1990. Since then, a great deal of work has...

M. Oaksford is at University of Cardiff. N. Chater is at University of Warwick.

other books by M. Oaksford

Format:HardcoverDimensions:558 pages, 9.45 × 6.61 × 1.38 inPublished:June 1, 1998Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198524153

ISBN - 13:9780198524151

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Table of Contents

1. Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater: An introduction to rational models of cognitionSection 1: General Issues2. James L. McClelland: Connectionist models and Bayesian inference3. Alex Kacelnik: Normative and descriptive models of decision making: time discounting and risk sensitivitySection 2: Memory4. Richard M. Shiffrin and Mark Steyvers: The effectiveness of retrieval from memory5. Mark Chappell: Predictions of a Bayesian recognition memory model (and a class of mdels including it)6. Simon Dennis and Michael Humphreys: Cueing for context: an alternative to global matching models of recognition memory7. Lael J. Schooler: Sorting out core memory processes8. Richard B. Anderson: Rational and non-rational aspects of forgetting9. Gordon D.A. Brown and Janet I. Vousden: Adaptive analysis of sequential behaviour: oscillators as rational mechanismsSection 3: Categorization and Induction10. John R. Anderson and Michael Matessa: The rational analysis of categorization and the ACT-R architecture11. Robert M. Nosofsky: Optimum performance and exemplar models of classificaiton12. Evan Heit: A Bayesian analysis of some forms of inductive reasoning13. Koen Lambers and Stephen Chong: Dynamics of dimension weight distribution and flexibility in categorizationSection 4: Reasoning14. Clark Glymour and Patricia Cheng: Causal mechanism and probability: a normative approach15. Francisco J. Lopoz, Pedro L. Cobos, Antonio Cano and David Shanks: The rational analysis of human contingency judgement16. Andrew M. Colman: Rationality assumption of game theory and the backward induction paradox17. Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater: A revised rational analysis of the selection task: exceptions and sequential sampling18. David Over and Alan Jessop: Rational analysis of causal conditionals and the selection task19. Elke M. Kurz and Ryan D. Tweney: The practice of mathematics and science: from calculus to the clothesline problemSection 5: Search20. Nick Chater, Matthew J. Crocker and Martin J. Pickering: The rational analysis of inquiry: the case of parsing21. Richard M. Young: Rational analysis of exploratory choice22. Brendan McGonigle and Margaret McGonigle: Rationality as optimised cognitive self-regulation