Reading Essentials: The Specifics You Need To Teach Reading Well by Regie RoutmanReading Essentials: The Specifics You Need To Teach Reading Well by Regie Routman

Reading Essentials: The Specifics You Need To Teach Reading Well

byRegie Routman

Paperback | October 4, 2002

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Recommended by the Ontario Ministry Of Education



Grades K-8


With all the controversy and confusion over “best practice” issues in teaching reading, Regie Routman steps in: giving clarity, support, specific demonstrations, and confidence to teachers so they can teach reading in a manner that is consistent with research and learning theory and respectful of students’ needs, interests, and abilities. In Reading Essentials, she realistically

describes how to achieve these goals. Readers will discover research-based strategies, immediately doable ideas, and detailed lessons. Topics include:

  • teaching much more, more effectively and joyfully, in less time
  • applying an optimal learning model to teaching
  • reducing isolated skills work
  • maximizing whole-class teaching
  • working with struggling readers
  • connecting reading with writing
  • organizing a terrific classroom library and reading area
  • monitoring and evaluating students as readers
  • integrating assessment and testing into daily teaching
  • teaching comprehension sensibly and effectively
  • applying shared reading across the grades and curriculum
  • planning guided reading in meaningful, manageable ways
  • knowing how and when to question research and programs
  • ensuring reading competence and confidence for every child
  • Also available by Regie Routman:

    Writing Essentials / 0325006016 / 2004 / 304 pp. + DVD / Grades K-8

    Conversations / 032500109X / 2000 / 896 pp. / Grades K-8 

Title:Reading Essentials: The Specifics You Need To Teach Reading WellFormat:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9.2 × 7.5 × 0.55 inPublished:October 4, 2002Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0325004927

ISBN - 13:9780325004921

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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Reading Essentials is... Essential! Tired of spending hours planning the reading component of your comprehensive literacy block? Regie Routman breaks it down into manageable pieces so you can have a life outside of teaching too! Not only that, her easy to read strategies increase student engagement and standardized test scores. The best features of this text include an easy to follow and informative reading conference plan and a look in on a couple of guided reading sessions. Teaching Essentials is her most recent book and is an excellent companion to Reading Essentials.
Date published: 2009-01-31

Table of Contents

Most chapters begins with "Objectives" and “Background.” Most chapters conclude with “Teaching Scenarios,” “Summary” and “Discussion Questions.”

Preface and Acknowledgments.

Overview of the Book.

Overview of the Chapters.


1. Introducing Sheltered Instruction.
Demographic Changes.
English Learner Diversity.
School Reform and Accountability in the 21st Century.
Academic Literacy.

Changes in Instructional Practice for English Learners.

The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol.

The SIOP Model.

Implementing the SIOP Model: Getting Started.

2. Lesson Preparation.

Content Objectives Clearly Defined for Students.

Language Objectives Clearly Defined for Students.
Writing Language and Content Objectives.
Content Concepts Appropriate for Age and Eductaional Background.

Supplementary Materials Used to a High Degree.

Adaptation of Content to All Levels of Student Proficiency.

Meaningful Activities That Integrate Lesson Concepts with Language Practice.

Using the SIOP Protocol.

The Lesson.

3. Building Background.

Concepts Linked to Students' Background.

Links Made Between Past Learning and New Concepts.

Key Vocabulary Emphasized.

Developing Content Language.

Developing School Language.

The Lesson.

4. Comprehensible Input.

Appropriate Speech for ELLs.

Explanation of Academic Tasks.

Use of Techniques.

The Lesson.

5. Strategies.


Scaffolding Techniques.


The Lesson.

6. Interaction.

Opportunities for Interaction.
        -Oral Language Development
        -Other Opportunities for Interaction

Grouping Configurations.

Wait Time.

Clarify Key Concepts in L1.
The Lesson.

7. Practice/Application.

Hands-On Materials and/or Manipulatives Provided for Students to Practice Using New Content.

Activities Provided for Students to Apply Content and Language Knowledge.

Activities that Integrate all Language Skills.

The Lesson.

8. Lesson Delivery.

Content Objectives Clearly Supported by Lesson Delivery.

Language Objectives Clearly Supported by Lesson Delivery.
Meeting Content and Language Objectives

Students Engaged 90% - 100% of the Period.

Pacing of Lesson Appopriate to Students' Ability Levels

The Lesson.

9.  Review/Assessment.

Review of Key Vocabulary.

Review of Key Content Concepts.

Providing Feedback on Student Output.

Assessment of Lesson Objectives.

The Lesson.

10. Issues of Reading Development and Special Education for English Learners.

Issues of Reading Development and Assessment.

Issues Related to Special Education.

Special Education Services: When are They Appropriate?
Assisting Struggling Learners.

Students with Special Needs.

11. Effective Use of the SIOP Protocol.

Scoring and Interpretation of the SIOP Protocol.

        Assigning Scores
        Not Applicable (NA) Category
        Calculating Scores
Sample Lesson

Using SIOP Scores and comments.

Reliability and Validity of the SIOP.

Appendix A: The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol.

Appendix B: Lesson Plans.

Appendix C: Research on the SIOP Model.