Books in this new series, Poetics of Orality and Literacy, address the interpretation of major Western sources in terms of their deep roots in older oral tradition. Under the editorship of distinguished scholar John Miles Foley, the series concentrates on texts of the ancient and medieval worlds. The central question is, "How do we read works differently because they stand on the cusp between orality and literacy?" The multidisciplinary projects in this series will bring exciting and diverse answers to this question, and will shed new light on the interfaces of orality and literacy in major Western works of verbal art. Mark Amodio's "Writing the Oral Tradition is the inaugural volume. Reading the Medieval Book examines one of the most important epic poems of thirteenth-century Germany and its redaction in a richly illustrated manuscript created just fifty-five years after the poem's composition. Starkeys book reveals that the Munich-Nuremberg manuscript (c.1270) of Wolfram von Eschenbach's "Willehalm (c.1215) was compiled with both oral performance and the written medium in mind. Wolfram contrasts the visual language of the court with the auditory one of the battlefield, drawing attention to the position of the narrator and the interpretive frame that he provides. The manuscript reflects Wolfram's clear interest in the oral and visual communication that played such a dominant role in court society of the thirteenth century. Starkey argues that rather than merely depicting the events of "Willehalm's plot, the Munich-Nuremberg artists also visualized nuances and shifts in the text that may otherwise have become lost when the oral text was committed to the page. The Munich-Nurembergredaction of "Willehalm provides insight into the critical transition from a primarily oral to a literate experience in the literary culture of lay people in the West.