Reason and Religious Belief: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion

Paperback | October 18, 2012

byMichael Peterson, William Hasker, Bruce Reichenbach

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Reason and Religious Belief, now in its fifth edition, explores perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary discussions, the authors examine religious experience, faith and reason, the divine attributes, arguments for and againstthe existence of God, divine action (in various forms of theism), Reformed epistemology, religious language, religious diversity, and religion and science.Revised and updated to reflect current philosophical discourse, the fifth edition offers new material on neuro-theology, the "new Atheism," the intelligent design movement, theistic evolution, and skeptical theism. It also provides more coverage of non-Western religions - particularly Buddhism - andupdated discussions of evidentialism, free will, life after death, apophatic theology, and more. A sophisticated yet accessible introduction, Reason and Religious Belief, Fifth Edition, is ideally suited for use with the authors' companion anthology, Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, FourthEdition (OUP, 2009).

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Reason and Religious Belief, now in its fifth edition, explores perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary discussions, the authors examine religious experience, faith and reason, the divine attributes, arguments for and againstthe existence of God, divine action (in vari...

Michael Peterson is Professor of Philosophy of Religion at Asbury Theological Seminary. William Hasker is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Huntington University. Bruce Reichenbach is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Augsburg College. David Basinger is Professor of Philosphy and Ethics at roberts Wesleyan College.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:464 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:October 18, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199946574

ISBN - 13:9780199946570

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth EditionPreface to the First EditionIntroduction1. Thinking about God: The Search for the DivineDefining ReligionWhat Is Philosophy of Religion?The God of TheismThe Religious Ambiguity of LifeOur Task2. The Nature of Religion: What Are Religious Beliefs About?Religious Non-realismBuddhist Non-realismReligious RealismWittgenstein on ReligionWhy Is This Issue Important?3. Religious Experience: What Does It Mean to Encounter the Divine?Types of Religious ExperienceReligious Experience as FeelingSome Religious Experience as Perceptual ExperienceReligious Experience as Interpretation Based on Religious BeliefsCan Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief?The Principle of CredulityDiversity of Religious ExperiencesIs There a Common Core to Religious Experience?4. Faith and Reason: How Are They Related?Can Reason Be Trusted?Strong RationalismFideismCritical Rationalism5. Theistic Arguments: What Is the Evidence for God's Existence?Theistic Arguments as ProofsThe Ontological ArgumentContemporary Versions of the Ontological ArgumentThe Cosmological ArgumentThe iKalam/i Cosmological ArgumentThe Atemporal Cosmological ArgumentThe Analogical Teleological ArgumentThe Anthropic Teleological ArgumentThe Intelligent Design Teleological ArgumentThe Moral ArgumentCumulative Case Arguments and GodThe God of Religion and of Philosophy6. Knowing God without Arguments: Does Theism Need a Basis?EvidentialismCritique of EvidentialismPlantinga on Properly Basic BeliefsAlston on Perceiving GodPlantinga on Warrant and Knowledge7. The Divine Attributes: What is God Like?Perfect and Worthy of WorshipNecessary and Self-ExistentPersonal and Free CreatorAll-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly GoodGod Eternal--Timeless or Everlasting8. Divine Action: How Does God Relate to the World?What Kind of Power Does God Exercise?What Kind of Freedom Has God Given?Does God Know What Would Have Happened?Does God Know the Actual Future?What If the Future Is Truly Open?9. The Problem of Evil: What Is the Evidence against God's Existence?The Logical Problem of EvilThe Evidential Problem of EvilSkeptical Theism and Other ApproachesCan Theists Accept the Factual Premise?Defense and TheodicyThemes in TheodicySome Important Global TheodiciesHorrendous Evils and the Assessment of Theism10. Miracles: Does God Intervene in Earthly Affairs?Miracles DefinedMiracles as Historical EventsMiracles as Unexplainable EventsMiracles as Acts of GodPractical Considerations11. Life after Death: Are There Reasons for Hope?TerminologyConcepts of Life after DeathPersonal Identity and the SoulImmortality of the SoulCriticism of the Soul-ConceptThe Self as a Psychophysical UnityRe-creation and Spatio-temporal ContinuityThere is No Persisting SelfA Posteriori Arguments for Life after DeathA Priori Arguments for Life after DeathProspects12. Religious Language: How Can We Speak Meaningfully of God?Human Language and the InfiniteThe Classical Theory of AnalogyVerification and Falsification IssuesThe Functions of Religious DiscourseReligious Language as SymbolicFeminism and Masculine God-TalkCan Talk of God Be Literal?13. Religion and Science: Are They Compatible or Incompatible?Do Religion and Science Conflict?Are Religion and Science Independent?Is Dialogue Possible?Attempts at IntegrationTheistic Evolution and the Science-Religion DebateInsights14. Religious Diversity: How Can We Understand Differences among Religions?Religious DiversityExclusivismCritique of ExclusivismExclusivism and Justified BeliefPluralismCritique of PluralismPluralism as Plurality of SalvationsInclusivismCritique of InclusivismCriteria for Assessing Religions15. Religious Ethics: How Is God Related to Morality?The Source of Religious Ethical TruthThe Authoritative Basis of Religious Ethical TruthThe Acquisition of Religiously Based Ethical TruthThe Significance of Religiously Based Ethical TruthCurrent Issues16. The Continuing Quest: God and the Human VentureThe Intellectual ProcessPhilosophical Activity and Religious FaithWhere Do We Go from Here?GlossaryName IndexGeneral Index