Recent advances in crop protection: ---- by P.Parvatha ReddyRecent advances in crop protection: ---- by P.Parvatha Reddy

Recent advances in crop protection: ----

byP.Parvatha Reddy

Hardcover | September 14, 2012

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In the recent years, the need to increase food production to meet the demands of rapidly increasing population from a limited land resource necessitated the use of intensive farming systems, with the inputs like narrow genetic base, high dose of fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation, monocropping, etc. which led to the development of diseases and pest. The effect of changing global climate, particularly the sharp increase in CO2 concentration, has increased the susceptibility of plants to pathogens and pests. Because of the chemicalization of agriculture, the age-old eco-friendly pest management practices like sanitation, crop rotation, mixed cropping, adjustment of date of planting, fallowing, summer ploughing, green manuring, composting, etc. are not being practiced, affecting the crops adversely. This has encouraged researchers to look for eco-friendly and novel approaches for pest management. The information on recent advances in crop protection (involving bacteria, fungi, nematodes, insects, mites and weeds) is scattered. The book delves upon the most latest developments in crop protection such as avermectins, bacteriophages, biofumigation, biotechnological approaches; bio-priming of seeds; disguising the leaf surface; use of non-pathogenic strains, plant defense activators, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, pathogenesis-related proteins, strobilurin fungicides, RNA interference, and variety of mixtures/cultivar mixtures/multilines; soil solarization; biointensive integrated pest management; among several others (fusion protein-based biopesticides, seed mat technology and environmental methods). This book is a ready reference for students, policy-makers, scientists, researchers and extension workers.

About The Author

Dr P Parvatha Reddy obtained his PhD degree in Plant Pathology jointly from the University of Florida, USA, and the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. He served as the Director of the prestigious Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) at Bangalore from 1999 to 2002 during which period the Institute was honoured ...

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Title:Recent advances in crop protection: ----Format:HardcoverDimensions:350 pagesPublished:September 14, 2012Publisher:Springer IndiaLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:813220722X

ISBN - 13:9788132207221

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Table of Contents

PREFACE 1. INTRODUCTION1.1. Emerging pest scenario1.2. Impact of climate change 1.3. Need for novel approaches to crop protection1.4. Recent advances in crop protection1.5. References2. AVERMECTINS2.1. Distinguishing characteristics of Streptomyces avermitilis2.2. Chemical structure of avermectins2.3. Abamectin 2.4. Mode of action2.5. Commercial products2.6. Pest management using avermectins2.7. Conclusions2.8. References3. BACTERIOPHAGES3.1. What is a bacteriophage?3.2. Control of bacterial plant diseases3.3. Biological control3.4. Early use of phages in agriculture3.5. Advantages and disadvantages of phage therapy3.6. Return of phage-based disease management3.7. Recent approaches for using phages on bacterial diseases 3.8. Disease management using phages3.9. Phages in integrated disease management strategy3.10. Other uses of phages in plant pathology3.11. Commercialization3.12. Future outlook 3.13. References4. BIOFUMIGATION4.1. What is biofumigation?4.2. Advantages of biofumigation4.3. Modes of utilization4.4. Biofumigation crops4.5. Mode of action4.6. Disease management4.7. Nematode management4.8. Weed management4.9. Insect management4.10. Maximizing biofumigation potential 4.11. Future outlook4.12. References5. BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES5.1. Role of transgenic crops in agriculture5.2. Genes in defense against diseases5.3. Genes in defense against insect pests 5.4. Genes in defense against nematode pests5.5. Long-term impact of genetically modified plants 5.6. Future trends 5.7. Conclusions5.8. References6. BIO-PRIMING OF SEEDS 6.1. What is bio-priming or biological seed treatment?6.2. Procedure of seed bio-priming6.3. Disease management using bio-priming6.4. References7. DISGUISING THE LEAF SURFACE7.1. Controlling diseases using film-forming polymers 7.2. Particle films as agents for control of plant diseases7.3. Disrupting spore adhesion to leaf surface7.4. Conclusions7.5. References8. NON-PATHOGENIC STRAINS 8.1. Involvement of non-pathogenic Fusarium in soil suppressiveness8.2. Selection of non-pathogenic Fusarium8.3. Modes of action of non-pathogenic Fusarium8.4. Histological and cytological studies 8.5. Integration of non-pathogenic Fusarium with other methods 8.6. Production, formulation and delivery 8.7. Future research8.8. Conclusions8.9. References9. PLANT DEFENSE ACTIVATORS9.1. Biological plant defense activators9.2. Chemical plant defense activators9.3. Synergistic manipulation of plant and insect defenses9.4. Integration of biological and chemical plant activators9.5. References10. PLANT GROWTH PROMOTING RHIZOBACTERIA (PGPR)10.1. Characteristics of an ideal PGPR10.2. Ways that PGPR promote plant growth 10.3. Strains of PGPR10.4. Disease management using PGPR10.5. Nematode management using PGPR10.6. Mode of action10.7. Biocontrol mechanisms of PGPR10.8. Challenges in PGPR research10.9. Development of formulations10.10. Modes of delivery10.11. Future prospects10.12. References11. SOIL SOLARIZATION11.1. Advantages and disadvantages of soil solarization11.2. Method of soil solarization 11.3. Effects of solarization11.4. Solarization under different situations11.5. Factors limiting effectiveness of solarization11.6. Disease management11.7. Nematode management11.8. Weed management11.9. Insect management11.10. Integration of solarization with other management methods11.11. Mode of action11.12. Strategies to enhance efficacy of soil solarization11.13. Conclusions 11.14. References 12. STROBILURIN FUNGICIDES12.1. Spectrum of activity12.2. Diseases controlled12.3. Mobility 12.4. Effects on plant health independent of disease control12.5. Mode of action 12.6. Resistance12.7. Guidelines for reducing resistance risk12.8. Commercialization12.9. Conclusions12.10. References 13. VARIETY MIXTURES/CULTIVAR MIXTURES/MULTILINES13.1. Crop monoculture and diversity13.2. What is a cultivar mixture? 13.3. Variety and species mixtures in practice13.4. Crops and diseases suited to cultivar mixtures 13.5. Use of cultivar mixtures to manage multiple diseases 13.6. How many cultivars make a good mixture? 13.7. Effect of cultivar mixtures on epidemic development 13.8. Mechanisms of variety mixtures for reducing epidemics13.9. Effect of cultivar mixtures on evolution of pathogen races or pathotypes 13.10. Mechanisms by which cultivar mixtures suppress disease 13.11. Reported successes with cultivar mixtures 13.12. Agronomic considerations 13.13. Conclusions13.14. References14. BIOINTENSIVE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT 14.1. Integrated pest management (IPM)14.2. Biointensive integrated pest management (BIPM)14.3. Case studies14.4. Transfer of technology14.5. Conclusions14.6. References15. PATHOGENESIS-RELATED PROTEINS (PRs)15.1. Induction15.2. Occurrence15.3. Functions15.4. Relevance of PRs to disease resistance15.5. Applications: Brief overview15.6. Conclusions15.7. References16. OTHER RECENT ADVANCES16.1. RNA interference (RNAi) 16.2. Fusion protein-based biopesticides16.3. Seed mat technology16.4. Environmental methods16.5. ReferencesSUBJECT INDEX

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"Reddy (Indian Institute of Horticultural Research) offers an excellent analysis of advances in crop protection methodology. . The key feature of this work is that it provides invaluable information for readers from a cadre of disciplines, not an insignificant accomplishment. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals/practitioners." (R. Frederiksen, Choice, Vol. 50 (8), April, 2013)