Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation by Richard Whitley

Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their…

EditorRichard Whitley, Jochen Glaser, Lars Engwall

Hardcover | August 1, 2010

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The governance of the public sciences has profoundly changed since the Second World War, especially with regard to funding structures, the autonomy, and accountability of public research organizations and universities, and the extent to which research is steered towards societal usefulness.Going beyond previous analyses of these changes in science studies, science policy, and higher education studies, this book presents and applies a novel approach that provides an integrated assessment of changes in public science systems and their impact on scientific innovation. Its basic assumptions are (i) that all changes in public science systems (PSS) affect authority relations - the interests and action capabilities of authoritative agencies in science - and (ii) that the authority relations concerning the selection of goals and approaches in research as well as theintegration of research results are the channel through which changes in PSS affect the production of scientific knowledge and particularly scientific innovation. This focus on authority relations as the key interface integrating changes in governance and translating them into changes in theproduction of scientific knowledge is an important innovation because the effects of governance at the performance level of the science system have been largely neglected by other approaches. By demonstrating that changes in authority relations are field-specific and have field-specific effects on knowledge production , and that these field-specific authority relations do indeed affect the conditions for intellectual innovation, the perspective explored in this book challenges sciencepolicy studies to 'bring work back in' to the study of the organisation and governance of the sciences.

About The Author

Richard Whitley is Professor of Organisational Sociology at Manchester Business School, University of Manchester. Recent authored and edited books include: Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities (OUP, 2007), Changing Capitalisms? (OUP, 2005), The Multinational Firm (OUP, 2001), Divergent Capitalisms (OUP, 1999), and Competin...
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Title:Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their…Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.03 inPublished:August 1, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199590192

ISBN - 13:9780199590193

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Table of Contents

Richard Whitley: Introduction: Reconfiguring the Public Sciences: The Impact of Governance Changes on Authority and Innovation in Public Science SystemsPart 1: Reorganising Academia: Delegating Authority while Increasing Accountability in Universities1. Ben Martin and Richard Whitley: The UK Research Assessment Exercise: A Case of Regulatory Capture?2. Martin Benninghoff and Dietmar Braun: Research Funding, Authority Relations, and Scientific Production in Switzerland3. Robert Kneller: The Changing Governance of Japanese Public SciencePart 2: Reorganising Research Organizations: Shifting Authority Relations Between Teams, Departments, and Employers4. Jochen Glaser, Stefan Lange, and Uwe Schimank: Informed Authority? The Limited Use of Research Evaluation Systems for Managerial Control in Universities5. Severine Louvel: Changing Authority Relations within French Academic Research Units since the 1960s: From Patronage to Partnership6. Frank Meier and Uwe Schimank: Mission Now Possible: Profile Building and Leadership in German UniversitiesPart 3: Reorganizing Scientific Fields: Changing Authority Relations and Intellectual Innovations7. Norma Morris: Authority Relations as Condition for, and Outcome of, Shifts in Governance: The Limited Impact of the UK Research Assessment Exercise on the Biosciences8. Liudvika Leisyte, Harry de Boer, and Jurgen Enders: Mediating Problem Choice: Academic Researchers' Responses to Changes in their Institutional Environment9. Jochen Glaser, Severine Louvel, Grit Laudel, and Uwe Schimank: The Limits of Universality: How Field-specific Epistemic Conditions Affect Authority Relations and their Consequences10. Lars Engwall, Matthias Kipping, and Behlul Usdiken: Public Science Systems, Higher Education, and the Trajectory of Academic Disciplines: Business Studies in the United States and EuropeJochen Glaser: Concluding Reflections: From Governance to Authority Relations?