Rectal Cancer: Surgical Management, Basic and Clinical Research by Peter M. SchlagRectal Cancer: Surgical Management, Basic and Clinical Research by Peter M. Schlag

Rectal Cancer: Surgical Management, Basic and Clinical Research

byPeter M. Schlag

Paperback | December 10, 2011

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Rectal cancer is an exceptional tumour entity within the variety of gastrointestinal tumours. While clinical techniques such as rectal digital examination and endoscopy would enable diagnosis as early as the stage of polypoid preneoplasia, only 10% of rectal cancer patients undergo surgery at an early stage of the disease. The prognosis of rectal cancer without infiltration of the muscu­ laris is relatively good. However, with locally more advanced tu­ mours, possibly associated with lymphnode metastases, the prob­ ability of successful treatment decreases considerably. Further­ more, there is a clear prognostic discrepancy between proximal and distal rectal cancers. Rectal carcinomas, especially in the dis­ tal location, except those diagnosed at an early stage, usually re­ quire surgical treatment with postoperatively disturbed or lost anal sphincter function. A permanent colostomy may not be avoidable. The current trends and developments in diagnosis and therapy of rectal cancers may be described as follows: • The search for new diagnostic procedures and the attempt to define risk groups for which intensive preventive measures would be clearly successful. New insights may come from mod­ ern molecular biology or molecular genetics, especially with re­ gard to hereditary colorectal carcinoma. • A further increase in the rate of sphincter-preserving surgery without impairment of local tumour control or overall prog­ nosis. New surgical techniques such as trans sphincteric resec­ tion, but also various multimodal local treatment regimens, especially for low-risk tumours, are promising approaches.
Title:Rectal Cancer: Surgical Management, Basic and Clinical ResearchFormat:PaperbackDimensions:221 pagesPublished:December 10, 2011Publisher:Springer NatureLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3642719694

ISBN - 13:9783642719691

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Table of Contents

Molecular Biology of Rectal Cancer.- Molecular Pathology of Colorectal Cancer: From Phenotype to Genotype. Familial and Hereditary Non-polyposis Colorectal Cancer: Issues Relevant for Surgical Practice. Staging and Prognostic Markers.- Use and Applications of MRI Techniques in the Diagnosis and Staging of Rectal Lesions. The Value of Tumor Markers in Colorectal Cancer. Surgical Strategy.- Possibilities of Extensive Surgery. Total Mesorectal Excision for Cancer of the Rectum. Radical Surgery for Extensive Rectal Cancer: Is It Worthwhile?. Sphincter Preservation and Sphincter Reconstruction.- Coloanal J-Pouch Reconstruction Following Low Rectal Resection. Seromuscular Spiral Cuff Perineal Colostomy: An Alternative to Abdominal Wall Colostomy After Abdominoperineal Excision for Rectal Cancer. Total Anorectal Reconstruction Supported by Electrostimulated Gracilis Neosphincter. Local Excision of Rectal Cancer Through Windowed Specula: Long-Term Results. Prevention of Local Recurrence.- Locoregional Recurrence of Rectal Cancer: Biological and Technical Aspects of Surgical Failure. Radiochemotherapy as an Adjuvant Treatment for Rectal Cancer. Intraoperative Radiotherapy as Adjuvant Treatment for Stage II/III Rectal Carcinoma. Radical Sphincter Preservation Surgery with Coloanal Anastomosis Following High-Dose External Irradiation for the Very Low Lying Rectal Cancer. Radiochemotherapy and Hyperthermia in the Treatment of Rectal Cancer. Future Strategies to Improve Results of Therapy.- Dietary and Chemopreventive Strategies. Diagnosis and Therapeutic Relevance of Micrometastases. Subject Index.-