Redefining Recovery from Aphasia

Hardcover | February 18, 2015

byDalia Cahana-Amitay, Martin Albert

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This book focuses on two fundamental aspects of brain-language relations: one concerns the neural organization of language in the healthy brain; the other challenges current approaches to treatment of aphasia and offers a new theory for recovery from aphasia. The essence of the book lies inthe phrase neural multifunctionality: the constant and dynamic incorporation of non-linguistic functions into language models of the intact brain. The book makes the claim that language is a construction, created as we use it, and cannot be understood as being supported by neurally based linguistic networks only. Rather, language emerges from the constant and dynamic interaction among neural networks subserving cognitive, affective, and praxicfunctions with neural networks subserving lexical retrieval (naming), sentence processing (comprehension), and discourse (communication, conversation). In persons with stroke-induced aphasia, neural networks for executive system function, attention, memory, motor system function, visual systemfunction, and emotion interact with neural networks for language to produce the aphasia profile and to influence recovery from aphasia. Consequently, neural multifunctionality in aphasia explains individual differences in the lesion-deficit model and continued recovery over time, redefining theconcept of recovery from aphasia and offering new opportunities for treatment.

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This book focuses on two fundamental aspects of brain-language relations: one concerns the neural organization of language in the healthy brain; the other challenges current approaches to treatment of aphasia and offers a new theory for recovery from aphasia. The essence of the book lies inthe phrase neural multifunctionality: the cons...

Dalia Cahana-Amitay, PhD, is Research Assistant Professor Of Neurology and Associate Director of the Harold Goodglass Aphasia Research Center And Language In The Aging Brain at Boston University School Of Medicine, Va Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA. Martin Albert, MD, PhD, is Professor Of Neurology and Director of the Harold Good...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:296 pages, 9.41 × 6.3 × 0.71 inPublished:February 18, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199811938

ISBN - 13:9780199811939

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Table of Contents

1. What We Know and Do Not Know About Recovery From Aphasia2. Language in the Healthy Brain: Evidence for Multifunctionality3. Executive Functions and Aphasia Recovery4. Attention Systems and Aphasia Recovery5. The Role of Memory Functions in Aphasia Recovery6. The Role of Emotion in Recovery From Aphasia7. Praxis in Aphasia Recovery8. Visual Processing in Aphasia Recovery9. Redefining Recovery From Aphasia

Editorial Reviews

"Redefining Recovery from Aphasia is a unique book, tying information from speech/language pathology, neurology, neurolinguistics, and cognitive neuroscience in general into a unified approach to recovery from aphasia. The disparate strands of information which these authors bring together notonly illuminate the process of recovery from stroke or brain injury causing aphasia, but also provide insight into new approaches to aphasia rehabilitation. The key concept is "multifunctionality", how the language cortex can recover, with help from structures in the brain more specialized infunctions such as attention, short-term and long-term memory, executive function, emotion, praxis, and visual processing. The book should be of interest to all who deal with patients with aphasia, including physiatrists, neurologists, speech/language pathologists, neuropsychologists, and linguists."--Howard Kirshner, MD, Professor and Vice Chair, Neurology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center