This is the second volume of a two-part study on international issues in the post cold-war era. Ten authors consider regional conflicts, how relations among the great powers could be affected by such conflicts and how co-operation among the leading nations, especially Russia and the UnitedStates, might influence the course of regional strife. The end of the cold war closed one chapter in history - the global struggle between the USA and USSR. It has not brought an end to regional conflicts. This volume analyses three broad categories of regional conflicts: * Countries in the developing world where US and Russian interests are more or less equally engaged * Countries of special interest to one or more of the great powers, and * Countries where there is no overriding Russian or US national security interest. The challenge to US-Russian co-operation is examined under the major headings of preventive diplomacy in an era of high technology, dilemmas of US-Russian security co-operation and international security organizations as instruments for great power co-operation.