Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900

Paperback | August 28, 2014

EditorFrancesca Trivellato, Leor Halevi, Catia Antunes

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Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many tradingventures, which required vessels and convoys to overcome tremendous technological obstacles and merchants to grapple with strange customs and manners in a foreign environment. Yet despite all odds, experienced traders and licensed brokers, as well as ordinary people, travelers, pilgrims,missionaries, and interlopers across the globe, concocted ways of bartering, securing credit, and establishing relationships with people who did not speak their language, wore different garb, and worshipped other gods. Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 focuses on trade across religious boundaries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the second millennium. Written by an international team of scholars, the essays in this volume examine a widerange of commercial exchanges, from first encounters between strangers from different continents to everyday transactions between merchants who lived in the same city yet belonged to diverse groups. In order to broach the intriguing yet surprisingly neglected subject of how the relationship betweentrade and religion developed historically, the authors consider a number of interrelated questions: When and where was religion invoked explicitly as part of commercial policies? How did religious norms affect the everyday conduct of trade? Why did economic imperatives, political goals, and legalinstitutions help sustain commercial exchanges across religious barriers in different times and places? When did trade between religious groups give way to more tolerant views of "the other" and when, by contrast, did it coexist with hostile images of those decried as "infidels"?Exploring captivating examples from across the world and spanning the course of the second millennium, this groundbreaking volume sheds light on the political, economic, and juridical underpinnings of cross-cultural trade as it emerged or developed at various times and places, and reflects on thecultural and religious significance of the passage of strange persons and exotic objects across the many frontiers that separated humankind in medieval and early modern times.

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Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many tradingventures, which required vessels and convoys to ...

Francesca Trivellato is the Frederick W. Hilles Professor of History at Yale University. She is the author of The Familiarity of Strangers: The Sephardic Diaspora, Livorno, and Cross-Cultural Trade in the Early Modern Period and Fondamenta dei vetrai: Lavoro, tecnologia e mercato a Venezia tra Sei e Settecento. Leor Halevi is Associa...

other books by Francesca Trivellato

Format:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:August 28, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019937919X

ISBN - 13:9780199379194

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Table of Contents

Francesca Trivellato: Introduction1. Leor Halevi: Religion and Cross-Cultural Trade: A Framework for Interdisciplinary Inquiry2. David Harris Sacks: The Blessings of Exchange in the Making of the Early English Atlantic3. Giuseppe Marcocci: Trading with the Muslim World: Religious Limits and Proscriptions in the Portuguese Empire (c. 1480-1570)4. Wolfgang Kaiser and Guillaume Calafat: The Economy of Ransoming in the Mediterranean: A Form of Cross-Cultural Trade between Europe and the Maghreb (Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century)5. Kathryn A. Miller: Reflections on Reciprocity: A Late Medieval Islamic Perspective on Christian-Muslim Commitment to Captive Exchange6. Catia Antunes: Cross-Cultural Business Cooperation in the Dutch Trading World, 1580-1776: A View from the Amsterdam Notarial Contracts7. Silvia Marzagalli: Trade across Religious and Confessional Boundaries in Early Modern France8. Roxani Eleni Margariti: Coins and Commerce: Monetization and Cross-Cultural Collaboration in the Western Indian Ocean (Eleventh to Thirteenth Centuries)9. Eric Tagliacozzo: Crossing the Great Water: The Hajj and Commerce from Pre-Modern Southeast Asia10. Peter Mark: African Meanings and European-African Discourse: Iconography and Semantics in Seventeenth-Century Salt Cellars from Serra Leoa