Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is an increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack ofeducation, income inequality, poor working conditions, or experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has, until now, largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the lifeconditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions,the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been aninvisible determinant.Some health-determining influence flows through people's participation in religious practices and affiliation with mosques, synagogues, and churches. Some of it flows through lifestyle factors associated with religious observance. Some comes from relationships between religious institutions andinstitutions of public health and medical care. Some comes from the role religious institutions play in their communities, and in providing help for those in need and leveraging social capital.A groundbreaking work, Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health explores the complex, multifaceted role of faith traditions and public health in throughout history, today, in in the future.