Religion, Empire, And Torture: The Case Of Achaemenian Persia, With A Postscript On Abu Ghraib

Paperback | October 20, 2014

byBruce Lincoln

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How does religion stimulate and feed imperial ambitions and violence? Recently this question has acquired new urgency, and in Religion, Empire, and Torture, Bruce Lincoln approaches the problem via a classic but little-studied case: Achaemenian Persia.

Lincoln identifies three core components of an imperial theology that have transhistorical and contemporary relevance: dualistic ethics, a theory of divine election, and a sense of salvific mission. Beyond this, he asks, how did the Achaemenians understand their place in the cosmos and their moral status in relation to others? Why did they feel called to intervene in the struggle between good and evil? What was their sense of historic purpose, especially their desire to restore paradise lost? And how did this lead them to deal with enemies and critics as imperial power ran its course? Lincoln shows how these religious ideas shaped Achaemenian practice and brought the Persians unprecedented wealth, power, and territory, but also produced unmanageable contradictions, as in a gruesome case of torture discussed in the book’s final chapter. Close study of that episode leads Lincoln back to the present with a postscript that provides a searing and utterly novel perspective on the photographs from Abu Ghraib.

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How does religion stimulate and feed imperial ambitions and violence? Recently this question has acquired new urgency, and in Religion, Empire, and Torture, Bruce Lincoln approaches the problem via a classic but little-studied case: Achaemenian Persia.Lincoln identifies three core components of an imperial theology that have transhisto...

Bruce Lincoln is the Caroline E. Haskell Professor of Divinity at the University of Chicago, where he is an associate at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and sits on the Committees on the History of Culture and the Ancient Mediterranean World. He is the author of nine books, including Theorizing Myth: Narrative, Ideology, and Scho...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:192 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.7 inPublished:October 20, 2014Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022625187X

ISBN - 13:9780226251875

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface
 
1 Introduction
2 Center and Periphery
3 God’s Chosen
4 Creation
5 Microcosms, Wonders, Paradise
6 The Dark Side of Paradise
 
Postscript: On Abu Ghraib and Some Related Contemporary Matters 000
Notes
Bibliography
Index

Editorial Reviews

"Lincoln has done a masterful job of reconstructing the religious and political ideology of the Achaemenian empire, bringing to the task his own sharp sense of the power of religious ideas to motivate and justify historical agents. . . . A solid contribution to our understanding of the tightly interwoven religious beliefs and political values of the first Persian empire."