Religion in Society: A Sociology Of Religion by Ronald L. Johnstone

Religion in Society: A Sociology Of Religion

byRonald L. JohnstoneEditorRonald L. Johnstone

Paperback | February 22, 2006

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For junior/senior-level courses in Religion and Society in departments of Sociology and Religious Studies. Using an unbiased, balanced approach, the 8th edition of this text puts religion in its social context by discussing the impact of society on religion and helps students understand the role and function of religion in society that occur regardless of anyone's claims about the truth or falsity of religious systems.

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Sylvia Rosen has 35 years of industry experience as a Designer, Design Director, and Merchandiser, working and commuting to New York from her native Philadelphia. She was employed by industry leaders including Jordache, Members Only, John Henry, Haggar, Devon Apparel, and Andover Togs; traveling to the Orient for many years, working ...

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Title:Religion in Society: A Sociology Of ReligionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:448 pages, 8.9 × 6 × 0.75 inPublished:February 22, 2006Publisher:Taylor and FrancisLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0131884077

ISBN - 13:9780131884076

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When I started teaching Latino literature several years ago I had several goals I wanted to meet. The first one was simply to expose students to works by Mexican-American, Cuban-American, and Puerto Rican authors. I was always surprised to hear that most of my predominantly Mexican-American students had never been exposed to works by authors who shared some of their own backgrounds and experiences. More importantly, I wanted them to see that these works were valuable not simply because they were written by Latinos and Latinas, but because they were well crafted; in effect, because they were "good literature." Additionally, I wanted to show students that while there were some obvious differences within the works of various Latino groups, there were also some significant similarities. I hoped that aside from the linguistic connection, they could feel that they were part of a larger community by learning about the history, religion, and culture of other Latino groups. Finding a textbook that accommodated these goals proved impossible. Anthologies containing selections by one particular Latino group were fairly easy to find. Mexican-American anthologies, for instance, were readily available. It was a bit more difficult to find books that included works by authors of different ethnicities, but a few existed. Unfortunately, they restricted themselves to only one genre. It was possible, for instance, to find an anthology of Latino poetry. At the time I started teaching Latino literature there was only one anthology that contained selections by authors of various Latino groups, which also provided offerings from different genres. While the books were well edited, it was arranged by theme rather than genre or ethnicity. Thus, I felt that it was not well suited to the goals that I wanted to achieve, and which I felt would prove most beneficial to my students. For a few years I struggled with individual works of fiction, poetry, and drama. This approach was not only expensive for students, but it also limited their exposure to a wider variety of texts and ideas. What was needed, I thought, was an affordable textbook that would aid both student and instructor by accentuating the differences and similarities present in the works of Latino and Latina authors. In editing this anthology I have kept these goals in mind. For those who wish to study the works of only one Latino group this book is arranged so that it is possible to do so. However, the arrangement by ethnic group and genre is designed to allow instructors and students to explore the important differences and common traits present in these works. The questions that follow the selections incorporate this idea. I hope that it not only serves as a valuable classroom tool, but that it emphasizes the tremendous amount of quality literature being produced by Latino and Latina writers. —Eduardo del Rio University of Texas Pan American

Table of Contents

PART I  INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION  Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective  The Task of Sociology  Central Sociological Assumptions  The Sociology of Religion  Defining Religion  The Characteristics of Religion  A Working Definition of Religion  The Definition Applied to "Magic"  Final Reflection on the Definition of Religion  A Concluding Historical Note: The Development of the Sociology of Religion  Notes  Chapter 2: The Sources of Religion  Revelation As Origin  The "Natural-Knowledge-Of-God" Explanation  Anthropological Explanations  Psychological Explanations  Sociological Views  Rational Choice Theory  Conclusion  Notes  PART II  THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF RELIGION  Chapter 3: Religion As A Group Phenomenon  Religion and the Characteristics of a Group  Religion and the Five Functional Prerequisites of Group Life  The Effects of Increasing Group Size  The Bureaucratization of Religion  Religious Leadership  Notes  Chapter 4: The Church-Sect Continuum of Religious Organization  The Sect  The Church  The Denomination  The Formation of Sects  The Impact of Deprivation on Sect Development  The Evolution of Sects  The Institutionalized Sect  The Cult  Other Non-American Cults  Refinements of the Church-Sect Typology  Notes  Chapter 5: Becoming Religious  Elements in Religious Socialization  Methods of Religious Socialization  Measuring the Impact of Religious Socialization  Sociological Definitions of Religiosity: Group Affiliation  Sociological Definitions of Religiosity: The Individual Approach  Sociological Measures of Religiosity: Multidimensional Measures  Internalization of Religion  Religious Conversion  Deconversion  Deprogramming  Conclusion  Notes  Chapter 6: Religious Conflict  Conflict Theory According to Karl Marx  Religious Conflict in History  Contemporary Examples of Religious Conflict  Intrareligious Conflict  Challenges to Society from Religious Groups  Conclusion  Notes  PART III  RELIGION IN  SOCIETY  Chapter 7: Religion and Politics  The Relationship of Religion and Politics  The Influence of Religion on Politics  Civil Religion  Religion and Politics in the Third World  Notes  Chapter 8: Religious Fundamentalism  The Concept of Fundamentalism: Its Origin and Use  Protestant Fundamentalism  Jewish Fundamentalism  Islamic Fundamentalism  The Future  Notes  Chapter 9: Religion and the Economy  Religion as an Economic Institution  Religion as a Shaper of Economic Attitudes and Behavior  An Assessment of the Relationship between Religion and Economics  Notes  Chapter 10: Religion and the Class System  Differences in Religious Meaning and Expression among Social Classes  Differential Denominational Affiliation by Social Class  Social Stratification within Religious Groups  Stratification, Religion, and Race  Notes  Chapter 11: Women and Religion  The Relationship of Women to Religion as Societies Evolved  The Historical Patterns  Contemporary Responses  Female-Dominated Religions  Predictions  Application of Rational Choice Theory  Conclusion  Notes  PART IV  RELIGION IN AMERICA  Chapter 12: Major Historical Developments  Intolerant Beginnings  The Constitutional Compromise  The Frontier Challenge  The Ordeal of Pluralism  Religious Social Concern  The Post-World War II Revival  Notes  Chapter 13: Black and Native American Religion in America  The Historical Development of the Black Church as a Social Institution  Militancy in the Black Church  New Themes in Black Religion  Other Religious Options for African Americans  Native American Religion  Notes  Chapter 14: Denominational Society  The Multiplicity of Groups  The Diversity of Groups  Major Denominational Families  Special Interest Religious Groups  Ecumenism  The Megachurch Phenomenon  The Continued Viability of Denominationalism  Notes  Chapter 15: The Future of Religion  Level of Religious Activity  The Growth and Decline of Membership  Impending Protestant Loss of Majority Religious Position  The Dilemmas of Roman Catholicism  Continuity in the Traditional Social Functions of Religion  The Factor of Secularization  The Conflict over the Purpose of Religion  Conclusion  Notes  Index