This book discusses the multiple facets, dominant characteristics, and historical trajectories of religious traditions in pre-colonial south India. It explores how Hinduism, primarily the Brahmanical tradition, developed and reworked itself in the context of challenges posed by Buddhism andJainism to become the dominant tradition and ideology in south Indian society and polity. Examining the linkages between religion and politics, the volume also investigates alternative vernacular traditions, rituals and practices, temple architecture, iconography and other representational art formsthat evolved as symbols of power. A detailed introduction weaves together the different aspects and introduces new questions for further research. This will interest scholars and students of ancient and early medieval Indian history particularly those concerned with South Indian history, religion, and culture.